The aim of this project is to develop an efficient set of centralised parking management, control and information systems. These will require the development of complex systems which should function in co-ordination with the overall system developed for integrated traffic demand management.
The research had the following objectives:
reduction of travel and parking search times;
optimisation of the distribution of parking supply;
decongestion of the traffic network by minimising traffic generated by drivers in search of parking space;
optimisation of modal split policies through adequate use of parking policies;
reduction of monetary, operational and social costs.
Achievements attained so far fall mainly in 4 areas:
the assessment of existing parking control and information systems and the parking policy issues within an road Transport informatics (RTI) environment as well as methods of enforcement;
the identification of various modelling requirements and components for the PARCMAN system;
the development of a working modelling prototype for effective parking management and control;
technical issues of specifying the information system and the information networks.
Based on the premise that the resulting parking management strategies should contribute to a trend-setting, long-standing policy amenable to effective enforcement, the study will specify and test a number of strategies on the basis of simulated demand/supply schemes. The results of these tests will be evaluated through simulation and a set of possible or best strategies will be stored on a 'library' together with their corresponding demand/supply schemes.
Real-time parking control will then be simulated and tested in a laboratory controlled experiment. The control process will be based on the reception of on-line traffic and parking availability data which will be processed by a pattern recognition algorithm and the proper strategy will be selected from the library.
The project will devise appropriate methodologies to manage the dissemination and distribution of information and will adopt an open architecture in order to allow later incorporation of emerging technologies. A demonstration programme will be set up to test various control strategies and assess the communication infrastructure needs for the management of the flow of information.
Specifications of information networks, standard framework for parking control, specification and design of the information system and demonstration prototype.
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