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Release of sugars from lignocellulosic biomass by microwave plasma

Objective

Biofuels for transport are considered to be the answer decreasing green house gas emissions, to enhance energy security and respond to rising oil prices by substituting or blending petrol and diesel with biofuels and to contribute to regional development by increasing employment opportunities and diversifying activities for farmer through energy crops. The EU only produces 4.1 % of the total world ethanol, the US has become in recent years the biggest ethanol producer in the world with 48% of the world total and more than two fifths of the global fuel ethanol supply was produced in Brazil in 2006. The major different types of biofuels are between first and second generation biofuels. First generation biofuels are made from food crop feed stocks while second generation biofuels are made from cellulosic biomass. The primary pathway for producing bioethanol fuels from lignocellulosci biomass is biochemical conversion (acid hydrolysis which is an expensive procedure and produce low yields 10 to 40% and enzymatic hydrolysis but unfortunately cellulose is difficult to digest, produce low yields <20% and take 2 days, in addition although research is continuously improving this process, at present biochemical conversion is not been proven at industrial scale). The project concept involves development of a multipurpose prototype for the reaction of various types of cellulosic biomass on a continuous or batched basis using microwave plasma or combined microwave plasma and chemical/enzyme hydrolysis. This technology will breakdown the cellulose molecule structures and allow an efficient (90% yield efficiency) and rapid release of the sugars for the fermentation reaction (<1/2 day). In addition, by using microwave plasma we will use 10 times less energy, chemicals, infrastructure accessories and solvents making the conversion of cellulosic biomass into bio-ethanol an economical procedure.

Call for proposal

FP7-SME-2008-1
See other projects for this call

Coordinator

LIVERPOOL JOHN MOORES UNIVERSITY
Address
Rodney Street 2 Egerton Court
L3 5UX Liverpool
United Kingdom
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
EU contribution
€ 46 886,50
Administrative Contact
Andrew Young (Prof.)

Participants (8)

DARA SISTEMAS ELECTRONICOS S.L.

Participation ended

Spain
Address
Obispo Tagaste 13
02005 Albacete
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Jose Lozoya Pardo (Mr.)
Uvox Microwave AB

Participation ended

Sweden
Address
Sagverksgatan 2
52230 Tidaholm
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Peder Jakobsson (Mr.)
Dipolar AB
Sweden
EU contribution
€ 146 213,50
Address
Gymnasievagen 16
SE-93157 Skelleftea
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Walter Ronnblom (Mr.)
Biofuels Wales Ltd
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 392 280,25
Address
Battle House, Battle
LD3 9RW Breacon, Powys
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Simon Bowen (Mr.)
THE UK HEALTH & ENVIRONMENT RESEARCH INSTITUTE
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 7 965
Address
Pera Business Park, Nottingham Road
LE13 0PB Melton Mowbray
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Paul Tranter (Mr.)
FRAUNHOFER GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FORDERUNG DER ANGEWANDTEN FORSCHUNG EV
Germany
Address
Hansastrasse 27C
80686 Munchen
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Walter Krause (Mr.)
TECHNOSAM SRL
Romania
EU contribution
€ 165 753,25
Address
Fagului Str 35
440186 Satu Mare
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Francisc Toth (Mr.)
TMD TECHNOLOGIES LIMITED
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 299 560
Address
Swallowfield Way Unit 3
UB31DQ Hayes
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Howard Smith (Mr.)