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Central Iran Amphibole-bearing Ophiolite

Objective

In subduction systems, there is an intermediate mantle zone in the overriding plate, located between the wedge and the neighbouring back arc. This zone is influenced by both subduction-related and ocean spreading processes, resulting in a remarkable geochemical heterogeneity of the mantle sources that ultimately generate a wide variety of melts. They in turn will feed the volcanoes on the surface, most of them highly explosive. Our knowledge of these peculiar geodynamic settings is very limited and ophiolitic complexes provide an almost unique opportunity to investigate their chemical-physical features at large scale.
CIAO will study the amphibole-bearing peridotites of Nain ophiolite (Iran). This ophiolite includes magmas from MORB to Boninite and suggest that it was formed in an arc/back arc system. We use this unique opportunity to study the physical-chemical conditions of these peculiar peridotites, measuring major, trace and volatile element concentrations in hydrous and nominally anhydrous minerals. Volatile speciation, water activity and oxygen fugacity will be also measured. This study will improve our knowledge of mantle volatile species and circulation mechanism. It will allow to constrain the mass transfer between the two colliding plates, ultimately leading to a better understanding of the input/output budget of the subduction systems.
Within Earth Sciences, CIAO combine disciplines as diverse as petrology, crystallography and geodynamics. It will employ a variety of state of the art analytical techniques. The applicant will work in a synergetic network of highly motivated experts that will guarantee high-quality output and a significant impact on the perspectives of her career. A better understanding of the petrological features of this geodynamic setting, together with its chemical-physical processes will greatly improve our knowledge of volcano eruptions, hoping to reduce the hazards for thousands of people living around volcanic areas.
Leaflet | Map data © OpenStreetMap contributors, Credit: EC-GISCO, © EuroGeographics for the administrative boundaries

Coordinator

UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI FERRARA

Address

Via Ariosto 35
44121 Ferrara

Italy

Activity type

Higher or Secondary Education Establishments

EU Contribution

€ 180 277,20

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 658591

Status

Closed project

  • Start date

    1 October 2015

  • End date

    29 March 2018

Funded under:

H2020-EU.1.3.2.

  • Overall budget:

    € 180 277,20

  • EU contribution

    € 180 277,20

Coordinated by:

UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI FERRARA

Italy