Skip to main content

Alternative models and robust decision-making for future forest management

Deliverables

FMM descriptions (in report form)

The case study areas are chosen for their nationally representative coverage of FMMs and associated data availability and are therefore highly suited for the identification and description of different relevant FMMs. The descriptions cover the way the FMMs are applied in the respective regions, the resources they require (knowledge, different inputs, technologies and labour), the variations that may exist, particular vulnerabilities, risks or shortcomings. This account also forms an essential part of the technology landscape description. The FMMs will be described with respect to the following five ES in each case: biodiversity, carbon sequestration, water quality, biomass production and recreation. Additional case-specific ES will be described for FMMs that depend on both their relevance to regional circumstances (case study areas) and actors, as clarified in WP4. The ES descriptions are provided for the stand level meaning that the models connect the state of the stand or the management action taken in the stand with the ES values provided. The work on the detailed FMM descriptions will be guided by the harmonized ontology developed in T1.1. FMM descriptions will be elaborated by case research teams, assisted by central experts in silviculture and ES assessment. Input from forestry practitioners will be especially valuable for describing the current technology landscapes. WP1 leader will be in charge of producing a cross-case synthesis report. The descriptions will feed into the landscape projections in WP3 and to the workshops in WP4.

Proceedings from open workshop

The landscape projections rest on a range of inputs regarding growth and yield, forest owner/manager application of FMM and ES outcomes. Safeguarding the scientific standards of FMM alternatives is highly important. The focus will be on discriminating between empirically justified results on the one hand, and unavoidable uncertainties regarding some aspects of FMMs on the other. Therefore processes of internal and external peer assessments will be organized. Actors doing the assessment will be the members of ALTERFOR Scientific Advisory Board, different national researchers who are external to the project, as well as ALTERFOR researchers. WP3 will organize an open workshop to jointly assess the quality of scientific evidence underlying the different FMM alternatives considered. The result of the open workshop as well as the workshop Round 2 in WP4 will most likely call for modification in preparation of the final landscape level simulations. This phase involves non-academic partners and will allow for the refinement of stand and landscape level FMMs. The final landscape analyses will be documented in a report. The results of which will feed into subsequent tasks of WP4 (building the capacities and the roadmap for FMM implementation).

Report on actors driving FMMs in selected European countries

Based on the RIU Model, forest relevant actors and their networks will be identified and their actions analysed in the case study areas. These role models include private and public actors of the forest sector. The most important actors are forest owners of different types and forestry professionals within the case study areas. Some important actors will represent other sectors (e.g. nature conservation) whose interests in forests have increased. The analysis focuses on actors’ interests and power to act in forest management. The interests of the actors will be empirically investigated primarily by assessing forest use up to the present. Their basis of power is identified by observing the means of coercion, incentives, and dominant information sources. The researchers of UGOE will take the lead and will train field researchers from other countries’ project partners in the method of actor analysis during a joint seminar in Göttingen. Then a joint field survey will be conducted in all case study areas to examine actors, their interests, power and actions.

Policy brief 1

Further measures for informing and engaging the target audience will involve: - Publishing policy briefs addressing decision makers in forestry-relevant fields at the European level, summarizing policy relevant findings of research, and innovation activities in the project.

New FMMs in a landscape perspective: Innovation needs and gains in ES provisioning

The landscape projections rest on a range of inputs regarding growth and yield, forest owner/manager application of FMM and ES outcomes. Safeguarding the scientific standards of FMM alternatives is highly important. The focus will be on discriminating between empirically justified results on the one hand, and unavoidable uncertainties regarding some aspects of FMMs on the other. Therefore processes of internal and external peer assessments will be organized. Actors doing the assessment will be the members of ALTERFOR Scientific Advisory Board, different national researchers who are external to the project, as well as ALTERFOR researchers. WP3 will organize an open workshop to jointly assess the quality of scientific evidence underlying the different FMM alternatives considered. The result of the open workshop as well as the workshop Round 2 in WP4 will most likely call for modification in preparation of the final landscape level simulations. This phase involves non-academic partners and will allow for the refinement of stand and landscape level FMMs. The final landscape analyses will be documented in a report. The results of which will feed into subsequent tasks of WP4 (building the capacities and the roadmap for FMM implementation).

Development of new FMMs: challenges and opportunities

Contributors: all partners but Fraunhofer and IIASA. WP1 has a strong focus on development of regionally viable alternatives to current FMMs. Alternative FMMs will be identified or developed in order to fulfil necessary requirements for ES provision and risk reduction for each region for the prospective scenarios provided by WP2. The development process takes its starting point in the transfer of knowledge across cases supported by the harmonized descriptions from T1.2. The FMM proposals enter a close dialogue with stakeholders at the case study level in the workshops organised by WP4, and include the active consideration of additional FMMs. A preliminary report will be written for the WP4 workshop, Round 1. Adaptations to local/regional conditions will be elaborated by bilateral contacts between researchers, and propositions for FMMs are to be finalized in a common scientific workshop, organised by WP1.

DSS for analysis of ES provision at landscape scale under different prospective scenarios (scientific paper)

For each landscape, modifications and enhancements of the selected DSS are identified to make the DSS suitable for use in ALTERFOR. WP3 coordinators will prepare a detailed quality standard to be observed by the DSS experts in their work within each case study in cooperation with specialists active in WP1 (FMM descriptions), WP2 (framework conditions or prospective scenarios), WP4 (support to management behavioural assumptions), and ES assessments. The work includes the following main activities: - The climate change scenarios incorporated in the prospective scenarios from WP2 are implemented, and the resulting response with respect to gross increment, natural mortality etc. is validated. - ES stand level models and other FMM specifications from the harmonized definitions and descriptions delivered by T1.2 are implemented into the DSS. - Output of some ES is dependent not only on the extent of application of certain FMMs but also on where they are applied. For instance, fragmentation and connectivity of habitats is important for species preservation; or allocation relative to waterways for water quality. These and other landscape level ES aspects are operationalized and programmed into the DSS to yield quantitative assessments of ES provisioning in addition to non-spatially dependent parameters of ES provision. - The DSSs’ forest owner behavioural models are updated and validated. These models form the basis for how current FMMs are simulated in the landscape (extent and geographical allocation) and support the simulation of new FMM application at landscape scale. - Complete and validate the forest data for a spatially complete description of the case area consistent with DSS data requirements. This scheme applies to all cases except the ones in the Netherlands and Italy due to the relative size of forests and the focus on social and non-market values. Instead a “soft modelling” approach will be used where narrative material of likely development paths are produced supported by landscape analyses with GIS.

Synthesis report: Discrepancies between ES needs and ES outputs under current FMMs

A baseline simulation of the activities and ES outcomes over time (typically around 100 years) will be made, based on current FMMs and management principles. This feeds into WP4 (workshop round 1) and also serves as a check of DSS reliability. The simulations are to be provided for each landscape based on set framework conditions from WP2 and combinations of existing FMMs from WP1 (T1.2). Under the coordination of the WP3 leader, the landscape case analyses are to be synthesized into a report on FMM use and ES outputs, using standardized formats allowing for a comparison between cases of FMM application and ES delivery for different framework conditions at the landscape level. (The Netherlands and Italy produce the same type of material as the other cases, though with the methodology implicated under T3.1).

Project newsletter 2

The effective communication of the project’s goals and activities and dissemination and exploitation of the aggregated results ensure transparency, increase synergistic effects with related initiatives, and enhance knowledge exchange. To reach a large audience, mass media communication will take place (via the project website and using project flyers, newsletters and roll-ups). This variety of communication measures is to ensure that the target audiences are consistently well-informed about ALTERFOR.

Individualised communication materials supporting stakeholder involvement 2

Project events (such as the stakeholder workshops in WP4) and strategic presentations of ALTERFOR at the European level will be supported by presswork, coordinated in WP5. In addition, interpersonal communication among the project partners will be fostered in WP5.2. Thereby, individualised communication materials for selected local key stakeholders will be developed to enhance better understanding of the actor-oriented research activities in other WPs (as mentioned above) and increase their involvement in the project.

Individualised communication materials supporting stakeholder involvement 3

Project events (such as the stakeholder workshops in WP4) and strategic presentations of ALTERFOR at the European level will be supported by presswork, coordinated in WP5. In addition, interpersonal communication among the project partners will be fostered in WP5.2. Thereby, individualised communication materials for selected local key stakeholders will be developed to enhance better understanding of the actor-oriented research activities in other WPs (as mentioned above) and increase their involvement in the project.

Project newsletter 6

The effective communication of the project’s goals and activities and dissemination and exploitation of the aggregated results ensure transparency, increase synergistic effects with related initiatives, and enhance knowledge exchange. To reach a large audience, mass media communication will take place (via the project website and using project flyers, newsletters and roll-ups). This variety of communication measures is to ensure that the target audiences are consistently well-informed about ALTERFOR.

Project flyer

The effective communication of the project’s goals and activities and dissemination and exploitation of the aggregated results ensure transparency, increase synergistic effects with related initiatives, and enhance knowledge exchange. To reach a large audience, mass media communication will take place (via the project website and using project flyers, newsletters and roll-ups). This variety of communication measures is to ensure that the target audiences are consistently well-informed about ALTERFOR.

Project newsletter 4

The effective communication of the project’s goals and activities and dissemination and exploitation of the aggregated results ensure transparency, increase synergistic effects with related initiatives, and enhance knowledge exchange. To reach a large audience, mass media communication will take place (via the project website and using project flyers, newsletters and roll-ups). This variety of communication measures is to ensure that the target audiences are consistently well-informed about ALTERFOR.

Project newsletter 5

The effective communication of the project’s goals and activities and dissemination and exploitation of the aggregated results ensure transparency, increase synergistic effects with related initiatives, and enhance knowledge exchange. To reach a large audience, mass media communication will take place (via the project website and using project flyers, newsletters and roll-ups). This variety of communication measures is to ensure that the target audiences are consistently well-informed about ALTERFOR.

Project newsletter 3

The effective communication of the project’s goals and activities and dissemination and exploitation of the aggregated results ensure transparency, increase synergistic effects with related initiatives, and enhance knowledge exchange. To reach a large audience, mass media communication will take place (via the project website and using project flyers, newsletters and roll-ups). This variety of communication measures is to ensure that the target audiences are consistently well-informed about ALTERFOR.

Project roll-up

The effective communication of the project’s goals and activities and dissemination and exploitation of the aggregated results ensure transparency, increase synergistic effects with related initiatives, and enhance knowledge exchange. To reach a large audience, mass media communication will take place (via the project website and using project flyers, newsletters and roll-ups). This variety of communication measures is to ensure that the target audiences are consistently well-informed about ALTERFOR.

Individualised communication materials supporting stakeholder involvement 1

Project events (such as the stakeholder workshops in WP4) and strategic presentations of ALTERFOR at the European level will be supported by presswork, coordinated in WP5. In addition, interpersonal communication among the project partners will be fostered in WP5.2. Thereby, individualised communication materials for selected local key stakeholders will be developed to enhance better understanding of the actor-oriented research activities in other WPs (as mentioned above) and increase their involvement in the project.

Project newsletter 1

The effective communication of the project’s goals and activities and dissemination and exploitation of the aggregated results ensure transparency, increase synergistic effects with related initiatives, and enhance knowledge exchange. To reach a large audience, mass media communication will take place (via the project website and using project flyers, newsletters and roll-ups). This variety of communication measures is to ensure that the target audiences are consistently well-informed about ALTERFOR.

Searching for OpenAIRE data...

Publications

Addressing Wildfire Risk in Forest Management Planning with Multiple Criteria Decision Making Methods

Author(s): Susete Marques, Marco Marto, Vladimir Bushenkov, Marc McDill, JoséG. Borges
Published in: Sustainability, Issue 9/2, 2017, Page(s) 298, ISSN 2071-1050
DOI: 10.3390/su9020298

Modeling Post-Fire Mortality in Pure and Mixed Forest Stands in Portugal—A Forest Planning-Oriented Model

Author(s): Brigite Botequim, Manuel Arias-Rodil, Jordi Garcia-Gonzalo, Andreia Silva, Susete Marques, José Borges, Maria Oliveira, Margarida Tomé
Published in: Sustainability, Issue 9/3, 2017, Page(s) 390, ISSN 2071-1050
DOI: 10.3390/su9030390

An Inventory-Based Regeneration Biomass Model to Initialize Landscape Scale Simulation Scenarios

Author(s): Werner Poschenrieder, Peter Biber, Hans Pretzsch
Published in: Forests, Issue 9/4, 2018, Page(s) 212, ISSN 1999-4907
DOI: 10.3390/f9040212

Groundwater recharge algorithm for forest management models

Author(s): Fabian Schwaiger, Werner Poschenrieder, Thomas Rötzer, Peter Biber, Hans Pretzsch
Published in: Ecological Modelling, Issue 385, 2018, Page(s) 154-164, ISSN 0304-3800
DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2018.07.006

Species Mixing Regulation with Respect to Forest Ecosystem Service Provision

Author(s): Fabian Schwaiger, Werner Poschenrieder, Peter Biber, Hans Pretzsch
Published in: Forests, Issue 9/10, 2018, Page(s) 632, ISSN 1999-4907
DOI: 10.3390/f9100632

Species-specific, pan-European diameter increment models based on data of 2.3 million trees

Author(s): Mart-Jan Schelhaas, Geerten M Hengeveld, Nanny Heidema, Esther Thürig, Brigitte Rohner, Giorgio Vacchiano, Jordi Vayreda, John Redmond, Jarosław Socha, Jonas Fridman, Stein Tomter, Heino Polley, Susana Barreiro, Gert-Jan Nabuurs
Published in: Forest Ecosystems, Issue 5/1, 2018, ISSN 2197-5620
DOI: 10.1186/s40663-018-0133-3

Implementing Climate Change and Associated Future Timber Price Trends in a Decision Support System Designed for Irish Forest Management and Applied to Ireland’s Western Peatland Forests

Author(s): Anders Lundholm, Edwin Corrigan, Maarten Nieuwenhuis
Published in: Forests, Issue 10/3, 2019, Page(s) 270, ISSN 1999-4907
DOI: 10.3390/f10030270

Forest decision support systems for the analysis of ecosystem services provisioning at the landscape scale under global climate and market change scenarios

Author(s): Eva-Maria Nordström, Maarten Nieuwenhuis, Emin Zeki Başkent, Peter Biber, Kevin Black, Jose G. Borges, Miguel N. Bugalho, Giulia Corradini, Edwin Corrigan, Ljusk Ola Eriksson, Adam Felton, Nicklas Forsell, Geerten Hengeveld, Marjanke Hoogstra-Klein, Anu Korosuo, Matts Lindbladh, Isak Lodin, Anders Lundholm, Marco Marto, Mauro Masiero, Gintautas Mozgeris, Davide Pettenella, Werner Poschenrieder,
Published in: European Journal of Forest Research, 2019, ISSN 1612-4669
DOI: 10.1007/s10342-019-01189-z

Combining Decision Support Approaches for Optimizing the Selection of Bundles of Ecosystem Services

Author(s): Marco Marto, Keith Reynolds, José Borges, Vladimir Bushenkov, Susete Marques
Published in: Forests, Issue 9/7, 2018, Page(s) 438, ISSN 1999-4907
DOI: 10.3390/f9070438

Actual European forest management by region, tree species and owner based on 714,000 re-measured trees in national forest inventories

Author(s): Mart-Jan Schelhaas, Jonas Fridman, Geerten M. Hengeveld, Helena M. Henttonen, Aleksi Lehtonen, Uwe Kies, Nike Krajnc, Bas Lerink, Áine Ní Dhubháin, Heino Polley, Thomas A. M. Pugh, John J. Redmond, Brigitte Rohner, Cristian Temperli, Jordi Vayreda, Gert-Jan Nabuurs
Published in: PLOS ONE, Issue 13/11, 2018, Page(s) e0207151, ISSN 1932-6203
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0207151

Political Drivers of Forest Management in Mediterranean Countries: A Comparative Study of Tunisia, Italy, Portugal and Turkey

Author(s): A. HASNAOUI, M. KROTT
Published in: Journal of new sciences, Agriculture and Biotechnology, Issue Volume spécial - CIRS2017, Article14, 2018, Page(s) 3366-3378, ISSN 2286-5314

Appraisal framework for actor interest and power analysis in forest management - Insights from Northern Portugal

Author(s): Marlene Marques, Nataly Juerges, José G. Borges
Published in: Forest Policy and Economics, Issue 111, 2020, Page(s) 102049, ISSN 1389-9341
DOI: 10.1016/j.forpol.2019.102049