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Alternative models and robust decision-making for future forest management

Deliverables

FMM descriptions (in report form)

The case study areas are chosen for their nationally representative coverage of FMMs and associated data availability and are therefore highly suited for the identification and description of different relevant FMMs. The descriptions cover the way the FMMs are applied in the respective regions, the resources they require (knowledge, different inputs, technologies and labour), the variations that may exist, particular vulnerabilities, risks or shortcomings. This account also forms an essential part of the technology landscape description. The FMMs will be described with respect to the following five ES in each case: biodiversity, carbon sequestration, water quality, biomass production and recreation. Additional case-specific ES will be described for FMMs that depend on both their relevance to regional circumstances (case study areas) and actors, as clarified in WP4. The ES descriptions are provided for the stand level meaning that the models connect the state of the stand or the management action taken in the stand with the ES values provided. The work on the detailed FMM descriptions will be guided by the harmonized ontology developed in T1.1. FMM descriptions will be elaborated by case research teams, assisted by central experts in silviculture and ES assessment. Input from forestry practitioners will be especially valuable for describing the current technology landscapes. WP1 leader will be in charge of producing a cross-case synthesis report. The descriptions will feed into the landscape projections in WP3 and to the workshops in WP4.

Proceedings from open workshop

The landscape projections rest on a range of inputs regarding growth and yield, forest owner/manager application of FMM and ES outcomes. Safeguarding the scientific standards of FMM alternatives is highly important. The focus will be on discriminating between empirically justified results on the one hand, and unavoidable uncertainties regarding some aspects of FMMs on the other. Therefore processes of internal and external peer assessments will be organized. Actors doing the assessment will be the members of ALTERFOR Scientific Advisory Board, different national researchers who are external to the project, as well as ALTERFOR researchers. WP3 will organize an open workshop to jointly assess the quality of scientific evidence underlying the different FMM alternatives considered. The result of the open workshop as well as the workshop Round 2 in WP4 will most likely call for modification in preparation of the final landscape level simulations. This phase involves non-academic partners and will allow for the refinement of stand and landscape level FMMs. The final landscape analyses will be documented in a report. The results of which will feed into subsequent tasks of WP4 (building the capacities and the roadmap for FMM implementation).

Report on actors driving FMMs in selected European countries

Based on the RIU Model, forest relevant actors and their networks will be identified and their actions analysed in the case study areas. These role models include private and public actors of the forest sector. The most important actors are forest owners of different types and forestry professionals within the case study areas. Some important actors will represent other sectors (e.g. nature conservation) whose interests in forests have increased. The analysis focuses on actors’ interests and power to act in forest management. The interests of the actors will be empirically investigated primarily by assessing forest use up to the present. Their basis of power is identified by observing the means of coercion, incentives, and dominant information sources. The researchers of UGOE will take the lead and will train field researchers from other countries’ project partners in the method of actor analysis during a joint seminar in Göttingen. Then a joint field survey will be conducted in all case study areas to examine actors, their interests, power and actions.

Policy brief 1

Further measures for informing and engaging the target audience will involve: - Publishing policy briefs addressing decision makers in forestry-relevant fields at the European level, summarizing policy relevant findings of research, and innovation activities in the project.

Internal evaluation report of communication and dissemination activities

The internal evaluation report of the project’s communication and dissemination activities will assess these impacts and draw on the lessons learned.

New FMMs in a landscape perspective: Innovation needs and gains in ES provisioning

The landscape projections rest on a range of inputs regarding growth and yield, forest owner/manager application of FMM and ES outcomes. Safeguarding the scientific standards of FMM alternatives is highly important. The focus will be on discriminating between empirically justified results on the one hand, and unavoidable uncertainties regarding some aspects of FMMs on the other. Therefore processes of internal and external peer assessments will be organized. Actors doing the assessment will be the members of ALTERFOR Scientific Advisory Board, different national researchers who are external to the project, as well as ALTERFOR researchers. WP3 will organize an open workshop to jointly assess the quality of scientific evidence underlying the different FMM alternatives considered. The result of the open workshop as well as the workshop Round 2 in WP4 will most likely call for modification in preparation of the final landscape level simulations. This phase involves non-academic partners and will allow for the refinement of stand and landscape level FMMs. The final landscape analyses will be documented in a report. The results of which will feed into subsequent tasks of WP4 (building the capacities and the roadmap for FMM implementation).

Conference proceedings

In close cooperation with WP4, a final conference will be organized in one of the participating countries. It will serve as a platform for dialogue and knowledge exchange, triggered by the research results. Discussions and conclusions from the conference will be spread via various channels (project website, project diary, online platforms of organizations related to national forest management context and EU R&I platforms) and instruments (publications, press release, newsletter etc.).

Report on supporting international networks for FMM alternatives

The project offers a unique chance to identify allies on an international level for FMM alternatives. The ALTERFOR’s approach of linking FMM assessments at different scales, from stand/landscape to EU/global, will deliver facts valuable for linking the political discourse at different levels. The WP2 assessments of the consequences of FMM transitions and adaptations at the EU and global level will provide international stakeholders a clear picture of how different FMMs support their objectives. Providing an accurate projection of global consequences should open up additional opportunities for the identification of acceptable compromises between competing goals such as increasing timber supply and biodiversity. For example, on the EU level the specific DGs and sector related lobby groups will be strongly interested in outcomes related to specific FMM alternatives. WP4 will use such insights from the project to get in contact with actors at the EU level and those involved with global forest-related regimes. Informed by the RIU Model, the research team in Göttingen will conduct expert interviews and analysis of written documents. The investigations are to be completed by a workshop in Brussels with representatives of the EU Commission and associated interest groups. It is expected that the self-interests of international actors in specific FMMs will drive the political, social and economic support for selected FMM alternatives far beyond the life span of the project.

Development of new FMMs: challenges and opportunities

Contributors: all partners but Fraunhofer and IIASA. WP1 has a strong focus on development of regionally viable alternatives to current FMMs. Alternative FMMs will be identified or developed in order to fulfil necessary requirements for ES provision and risk reduction for each region for the prospective scenarios provided by WP2. The development process takes its starting point in the transfer of knowledge across cases supported by the harmonized descriptions from T1.2. The FMM proposals enter a close dialogue with stakeholders at the case study level in the workshops organised by WP4, and include the active consideration of additional FMMs. A preliminary report will be written for the WP4 workshop, Round 1. Adaptations to local/regional conditions will be elaborated by bilateral contacts between researchers, and propositions for FMMs are to be finalized in a common scientific workshop, organised by WP1.

Impact assessment of FMM across sectors (scientific paper)

- Cross sectorial assessment: The second assessment will focus on the potential impacts of and benefits from FMM adaptation across land use sectors. The evaluation will focus on assessing the value of FMM adaptation in terms of aspects such as international trade, agricultural production, livestock developments, market and price impacts, employment, and land use change. The assessment will not only focus on the current state of the land use but will also provide projections to 2100.

Road map for implementing innovative FMMs in Europe

The potential of the project reaches further than just designing new FMM alternatives and supportive networks on all levels of politics, society and economy. The procedure developed and empirically tested by the project provides a role model for how research and practice can collaborate in designing and implementing improved FMM alternatives in the future. WP4 will synthesize the experiences from the other WPs 1-5 into a road map for the implementation of innovative FMM alternatives in Europe. Main elements of the road map are (1) Systematics of FMMs, (2) Methods of ES assessment, (3) Models at a landscape level, (4) Global models, (5) Methods for multi-stakeholder integration, (6) Tailoring the implementation of innovative FMMs. The RIU Model defines clearly that the steps (1) to (4) have to follow scientific methods and standards whereas step (5) links selected scientific results with policy goals and the interests of actors. The road map will provide information at different levels. Basic information about the scientific elements (1) to (4) will be complemented by information about feasible theories and modelling approaches. Additionally, links to scientific institutions and sources that could help in specific cases are shown in the road map. Finally, the last chapter demonstrates how actors in the field can tailor the implementation of innovative FMMs by making maximum use of both scientific knowledge, and the support of targeted policies that can transform their interests and potentials into action. An appendix will indicate relevant actors at all levels from the local to the global. Compiled by the WP4 coordinators, the road map will be actively distributed via WP5 and by the Europe-wide networks of forest associations, with the help of the non-academic partners of ALTERFOR. The road map provides a scientific basis that could be used by the EU institutions to improve silviculture in the forests all over Europe. Based on the road map, WP4 will contribute to the synthesis report with the main results regarding building implementation capacities and optimizing the transfer of scientific knowledge relevant to the implementation of FMMs.

(month 49) Impact assessment of FMM across ES (scientific paper)

- National assessment of Ecosystem Services: The third assessment will assess national level impacts on selected ES. Information from WP3 regarding the landscape provision of ES will be complemented by the assessment of services at the national level. The GLOBIOM model will be used to focus on the provision of services such as forest carbon level, total LULUCF accounting, forest fires, and the development of HWP carbon pools.

DSS for analysis of ES provision at landscape scale under different prospective scenarios (scientific paper)

For each landscape, modifications and enhancements of the selected DSS are identified to make the DSS suitable for use in ALTERFOR. WP3 coordinators will prepare a detailed quality standard to be observed by the DSS experts in their work within each case study in cooperation with specialists active in WP1 (FMM descriptions), WP2 (framework conditions or prospective scenarios), WP4 (support to management behavioural assumptions), and ES assessments. The work includes the following main activities: - The climate change scenarios incorporated in the prospective scenarios from WP2 are implemented, and the resulting response with respect to gross increment, natural mortality etc. is validated. - ES stand level models and other FMM specifications from the harmonized definitions and descriptions delivered by T1.2 are implemented into the DSS. - Output of some ES is dependent not only on the extent of application of certain FMMs but also on where they are applied. For instance, fragmentation and connectivity of habitats is important for species preservation; or allocation relative to waterways for water quality. These and other landscape level ES aspects are operationalized and programmed into the DSS to yield quantitative assessments of ES provisioning in addition to non-spatially dependent parameters of ES provision. - The DSSs’ forest owner behavioural models are updated and validated. These models form the basis for how current FMMs are simulated in the landscape (extent and geographical allocation) and support the simulation of new FMM application at landscape scale. - Complete and validate the forest data for a spatially complete description of the case area consistent with DSS data requirements. This scheme applies to all cases except the ones in the Netherlands and Italy due to the relative size of forests and the focus on social and non-market values. Instead a “soft modelling” approach will be used where narrative material of likely development paths are produced supported by landscape analyses with GIS.

The forest owners FMM user guide

The implementation of alternative FMM is an important task for ALTERFOR. Therefore, forest owner guidelines written in a popular form (with professional assistance from Fraunhofer) will be produced. The guidelines will be country-specific and include the basic foundation for the alternative FMMs, giving a short overview of the impacts of the FMM on the forest ecosystem, both pros and cons, followed by suitable site conditions, where it can be applied and instructions for silvicultural measures. They will be developed in cooperation with stakeholder reference groups (via WP4) to assure that the guidelines are in accordance with implementation in practice. These guidelines will be available both online (preferably at well-known sites used by forest owners and managers) and as printed copies to distribute at excursions held both at the demonstration sites and in other extension activities with partners.

Policy brief 2

Further measures for informing and engaging the target audience will involve: - Publishing policy briefs addressing decision makers in forestry-relevant fields at the European level, summarizing policy relevant findings of research, and innovation activities in the project.

Synthesis paper on impact assessments of FMM

The work will assess the value, impact, and trade-offs of the projected uptake of the alternative FMMs in T2.3 across the ALTERFOR countries and sectors potentially impacted. The cross sectorial and cross national implications of adaptation will be assessed to the year 2100, and for each of the prospective scenarios as developed in T2.1. The outcome of the assessment will be documented in 3 scientific papers and synthesized in a report.

Synthesis report: Discrepancies between ES needs and ES outputs under current FMMs

A baseline simulation of the activities and ES outcomes over time (typically around 100 years) will be made, based on current FMMs and management principles. This feeds into WP4 (workshop round 1) and also serves as a check of DSS reliability. The simulations are to be provided for each landscape based on set framework conditions from WP2 and combinations of existing FMMs from WP1 (T1.2). Under the coordination of the WP3 leader, the landscape case analyses are to be synthesized into a report on FMM use and ES outputs, using standardized formats allowing for a comparison between cases of FMM application and ES delivery for different framework conditions at the landscape level. (The Netherlands and Italy produce the same type of material as the other cases, though with the methodology implicated under T3.1).

Scientific papers for each of D4.1-2-3-4.

Scientific papers for each of D4.1-2-3-4.

Impact assessment of FMM for the forest sector (scientific paper)

- Forest sectorial specific assessment: The first sector to be assessed in terms of the impacts of adopting alternative FMMs, is that of the forest based industrial sector and the associated future production of wood based commodities (sawn wood, pulp, paper, fibre board, particle boards, biochemical, bio-materials, etc.). As the forest-based industrial sector is currently the main consumer of harvested wood products, we will assess the impact of adopting the alternative FMMs in terms of the resultant implications for the various industrial sectors for each ALTERFOR country and each EU 28 Member State. Key aspects that will be highlighted for the various sectors include the impact on the production of commodities, trade between countries and regions, price developments, and employment.

Report on supporting local and national networks for FMM alternatives

We expect that specific FMM alternatives will be supported by different actor networks. Thus the analysis must examine these networks, e.g. those preferring strongly environmentally driven FMMs, versus production-oriented FMMs, etc. The strength of the RIU Model is that it draws attention to all actors and their networks including civil society. Such a broad participatory approach goes beyond the conventional practice at national and local level, enlarging the traditional forestry networks and crossing coalitions of interest. Selected alternative FMMs will be analysed based on public policy analysis. The actors and their different capacity to elicit political support to enable the implementation of alternative FMMs will be examined. As a result, an estimation of which national and local actors networks support specific FMMs in regards to practical implementation, will be provided. The primary empirical research methods that will be used are expert interviews and an analysis of written documents conducted by case researchers under the guidance of WP4 coordinators. Based on this analysis, actors of the case study areas can be selected and integrated into the design of policy strategies for the implementation of selected FMMs. This approach follows the RIU model for which the right integration of powerful actors and their interests is a necessary prerequisite for achieving scientific knowledge transfer.

Project newsletter 2

The effective communication of the project’s goals and activities and dissemination and exploitation of the aggregated results ensure transparency, increase synergistic effects with related initiatives, and enhance knowledge exchange. To reach a large audience, mass media communication will take place (via the project website and using project flyers, newsletters and roll-ups). This variety of communication measures is to ensure that the target audiences are consistently well-informed about ALTERFOR.

Individualised communication materials supporting stakeholder involvement 2

Project events (such as the stakeholder workshops in WP4) and strategic presentations of ALTERFOR at the European level will be supported by presswork, coordinated in WP5. In addition, interpersonal communication among the project partners will be fostered in WP5.2. Thereby, individualised communication materials for selected local key stakeholders will be developed to enhance better understanding of the actor-oriented research activities in other WPs (as mentioned above) and increase their involvement in the project.

Project newsletter 9

The effective communication of the project’s goals and activities and dissemination and exploitation of the aggregated results ensure transparency, increase synergistic effects with related initiatives, and enhance knowledge exchange. To reach a large audience, mass media communication will take place (via the project website and using project flyers, newsletters and roll-ups). This variety of communication measures is to ensure that the target audiences are consistently well-informed about ALTERFOR.

Project newsletter 8

The effective communication of the project’s goals and activities and dissemination and exploitation of the aggregated results ensure transparency, increase synergistic effects with related initiatives, and enhance knowledge exchange. To reach a large audience, mass media communication will take place (via the project website and using project flyers, newsletters and roll-ups). This variety of communication measures is to ensure that the target audiences are consistently well-informed about ALTERFOR.

Individualised communication materials supporting stakeholder involvement 3

Project events (such as the stakeholder workshops in WP4) and strategic presentations of ALTERFOR at the European level will be supported by presswork, coordinated in WP5. In addition, interpersonal communication among the project partners will be fostered in WP5.2. Thereby, individualised communication materials for selected local key stakeholders will be developed to enhance better understanding of the actor-oriented research activities in other WPs (as mentioned above) and increase their involvement in the project.

Project newsletter 6

The effective communication of the project’s goals and activities and dissemination and exploitation of the aggregated results ensure transparency, increase synergistic effects with related initiatives, and enhance knowledge exchange. To reach a large audience, mass media communication will take place (via the project website and using project flyers, newsletters and roll-ups). This variety of communication measures is to ensure that the target audiences are consistently well-informed about ALTERFOR.

Project flyer

The effective communication of the project’s goals and activities and dissemination and exploitation of the aggregated results ensure transparency, increase synergistic effects with related initiatives, and enhance knowledge exchange. To reach a large audience, mass media communication will take place (via the project website and using project flyers, newsletters and roll-ups). This variety of communication measures is to ensure that the target audiences are consistently well-informed about ALTERFOR.

Individualised communication materials supporting stakeholder involvement 4

Project events (such as the stakeholder workshops in WP4) and strategic presentations of ALTERFOR at the European level will be supported by presswork, coordinated in WP5. In addition, interpersonal communication among the project partners will be fostered in WP5.2. Thereby, individualised communication materials for selected local key stakeholders will be developed to enhance better understanding of the actor-oriented research activities in other WPs (as mentioned above) and increase their involvement in the project.

Project newsletter 4

The effective communication of the project’s goals and activities and dissemination and exploitation of the aggregated results ensure transparency, increase synergistic effects with related initiatives, and enhance knowledge exchange. To reach a large audience, mass media communication will take place (via the project website and using project flyers, newsletters and roll-ups). This variety of communication measures is to ensure that the target audiences are consistently well-informed about ALTERFOR.

Project newsletter 5

The effective communication of the project’s goals and activities and dissemination and exploitation of the aggregated results ensure transparency, increase synergistic effects with related initiatives, and enhance knowledge exchange. To reach a large audience, mass media communication will take place (via the project website and using project flyers, newsletters and roll-ups). This variety of communication measures is to ensure that the target audiences are consistently well-informed about ALTERFOR.

Project newsletter 3

The effective communication of the project’s goals and activities and dissemination and exploitation of the aggregated results ensure transparency, increase synergistic effects with related initiatives, and enhance knowledge exchange. To reach a large audience, mass media communication will take place (via the project website and using project flyers, newsletters and roll-ups). This variety of communication measures is to ensure that the target audiences are consistently well-informed about ALTERFOR.

Project newsletter 7

The effective communication of the project’s goals and activities and dissemination and exploitation of the aggregated results ensure transparency, increase synergistic effects with related initiatives, and enhance knowledge exchange. To reach a large audience, mass media communication will take place (via the project website and using project flyers, newsletters and roll-ups). This variety of communication measures is to ensure that the target audiences are consistently well-informed about ALTERFOR.

Project roll-up

The effective communication of the project’s goals and activities and dissemination and exploitation of the aggregated results ensure transparency, increase synergistic effects with related initiatives, and enhance knowledge exchange. To reach a large audience, mass media communication will take place (via the project website and using project flyers, newsletters and roll-ups). This variety of communication measures is to ensure that the target audiences are consistently well-informed about ALTERFOR.

Individualised communication materials supporting stakeholder involvement 1

Project events (such as the stakeholder workshops in WP4) and strategic presentations of ALTERFOR at the European level will be supported by presswork, coordinated in WP5. In addition, interpersonal communication among the project partners will be fostered in WP5.2. Thereby, individualised communication materials for selected local key stakeholders will be developed to enhance better understanding of the actor-oriented research activities in other WPs (as mentioned above) and increase their involvement in the project.

Project newsletter 1

The effective communication of the project’s goals and activities and dissemination and exploitation of the aggregated results ensure transparency, increase synergistic effects with related initiatives, and enhance knowledge exchange. To reach a large audience, mass media communication will take place (via the project website and using project flyers, newsletters and roll-ups). This variety of communication measures is to ensure that the target audiences are consistently well-informed about ALTERFOR.

Demonstration sites documented

To increase the awareness of how different FMMs affect the state of the forest, FMM demonstration sites within the case study areas will be established for educational purposes by the case study teams, coordinated with WP4 and supported by WP5 in terms of communication of specific activities dealing with stakeholders. The demonstration sites will include both stands where current and where alternative FMMs are applied. They will be designed to give the visitor a view of the environmental and silvicultural effects created by different FMMs, and to be able to compare them stand wise. In some case study areas, stands managed by alternative FMMs are not present initially. Therefore, in suitable stands, silvicultural measures will be applied and the transition from a current to an alternative FMM will be made visual. Due to the changes over time, this transition will also include the long-term effects of the conversions from one FMM to another (beyond the duration of the project). The demonstration sites will also act as a base when developing the guidelines in T.1.4 to achieve synergies between the two tools for FMM implementation.

Publications

Addressing Wildfire Risk in Forest Management Planning with Multiple Criteria Decision Making Methods

Author(s): Susete Marques, Marco Marto, Vladimir Bushenkov, Marc McDill, JoséG. Borges
Published in: Sustainability, Issue 9/2, 2017, Page(s) 298, ISSN 2071-1050
DOI: 10.3390/su9020298

Modeling Post-Fire Mortality in Pure and Mixed Forest Stands in Portugal—A Forest Planning-Oriented Model

Author(s): Brigite Botequim, Manuel Arias-Rodil, Jordi Garcia-Gonzalo, Andreia Silva, Susete Marques, José Borges, Maria Oliveira, Margarida Tomé
Published in: Sustainability, Issue 9/3, 2017, Page(s) 390, ISSN 2071-1050
DOI: 10.3390/su9030390

An Inventory-Based Regeneration Biomass Model to Initialize Landscape Scale Simulation Scenarios

Author(s): Werner Poschenrieder, Peter Biber, Hans Pretzsch
Published in: Forests, Issue 9/4, 2018, Page(s) 212, ISSN 1999-4907
DOI: 10.3390/f9040212

Groundwater recharge algorithm for forest management models

Author(s): Fabian Schwaiger, Werner Poschenrieder, Thomas Rötzer, Peter Biber, Hans Pretzsch
Published in: Ecological Modelling, Issue 385, 2018, Page(s) 154-164, ISSN 0304-3800
DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2018.07.006

Species Mixing Regulation with Respect to Forest Ecosystem Service Provision

Author(s): Fabian Schwaiger, Werner Poschenrieder, Peter Biber, Hans Pretzsch
Published in: Forests, Issue 9/10, 2018, Page(s) 632, ISSN 1999-4907
DOI: 10.3390/f9100632

Species-specific, pan-European diameter increment models based on data of 2.3 million trees

Author(s): Mart-Jan Schelhaas, Geerten M Hengeveld, Nanny Heidema, Esther Thürig, Brigitte Rohner, Giorgio Vacchiano, Jordi Vayreda, John Redmond, Jarosław Socha, Jonas Fridman, Stein Tomter, Heino Polley, Susana Barreiro, Gert-Jan Nabuurs
Published in: Forest Ecosystems, Issue 5/1, 2018, ISSN 2197-5620
DOI: 10.1186/s40663-018-0133-3

Implementing Climate Change and Associated Future Timber Price Trends in a Decision Support System Designed for Irish Forest Management and Applied to Ireland’s Western Peatland Forests

Author(s): Anders Lundholm, Edwin Corrigan, Maarten Nieuwenhuis
Published in: Forests, Issue 10/3, 2019, Page(s) 270, ISSN 1999-4907
DOI: 10.3390/f10030270

Forest decision support systems for the analysis of ecosystem services provisioning at the landscape scale under global climate and market change scenarios

Author(s): Eva-Maria Nordström, Maarten Nieuwenhuis, Emin Zeki Başkent, Peter Biber, Kevin Black, Jose G. Borges, Miguel N. Bugalho, Giulia Corradini, Edwin Corrigan, Ljusk Ola Eriksson, Adam Felton, Nicklas Forsell, Geerten Hengeveld, Marjanke Hoogstra-Klein, Anu Korosuo, Matts Lindbladh, Isak Lodin, Anders Lundholm, Marco Marto, Mauro Masiero, Gintautas Mozgeris, Davide Pettenella, Werner Poschenrieder,
Published in: European Journal of Forest Research, 2019, ISSN 1612-4669
DOI: 10.1007/s10342-019-01189-z

Combining Decision Support Approaches for Optimizing the Selection of Bundles of Ecosystem Services

Author(s): Marco Marto, Keith Reynolds, José Borges, Vladimir Bushenkov, Susete Marques
Published in: Forests, Issue 9/7, 2018, Page(s) 438, ISSN 1999-4907
DOI: 10.3390/f9070438

Actual European forest management by region, tree species and owner based on 714,000 re-measured trees in national forest inventories

Author(s): Mart-Jan Schelhaas, Jonas Fridman, Geerten M. Hengeveld, Helena M. Henttonen, Aleksi Lehtonen, Uwe Kies, Nike Krajnc, Bas Lerink, Áine Ní Dhubháin, Heino Polley, Thomas A. M. Pugh, John J. Redmond, Brigitte Rohner, Cristian Temperli, Jordi Vayreda, Gert-Jan Nabuurs
Published in: PLOS ONE, Issue 13/11, 2018, Page(s) e0207151, ISSN 1932-6203
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0207151

Political Drivers of Forest Management in Mediterranean Countries: A Comparative Study of Tunisia, Italy, Portugal and Turkey

Author(s): A. HASNAOUI, M. KROTT
Published in: Journal of new sciences, Agriculture and Biotechnology, Issue Volume spécial - CIRS2017, Article14, 2018, Page(s) 3366-3378, ISSN 2286-5314

Appraisal framework for actor interest and power analysis in forest management - Insights from Northern Portugal

Author(s): Marlene Marques, Nataly Juerges, José G. Borges
Published in: Forest Policy and Economics, Issue 111, 2020, Page(s) 102049, ISSN 1389-9341
DOI: 10.1016/j.forpol.2019.102049