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Solvometallurgy for critical metals

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Publications

Structural effects of neutral organophosphorus extractants on solvent extraction of rare-earth elements from aqueous and non-aqueous nitrate solutions

Author(s): Nagaphani Kumar Batchu, Zheng Li, Bram Verbelen, Koen Binnemans
Published in: Separation and Purification Technology, 255, 2021, Page(s) 117711, ISSN 1383-5866
Publisher: Pergamon Press Ltd.
DOI: 10.1016/j.seppur.2020.117711

Selective removal of magnesium from lithium‐rich brine for lithium purification by synergic solvent extraction using β‐diketones and Cyanex 923

Author(s): Zheng Li, Koen Binnemans
Published in: AIChE Journal, 66/7, 2020, ISSN 0001-1541
Publisher: American Institute of Chemical Engineers
DOI: 10.1002/aic.16246

Separation of Scandium from Hydrochloric Acid–Ethanol Leachate of Bauxite Residue by a Supported Ionic Liquid Phase

Author(s): Dženita Avdibegović, Koen Binnemans
Published in: Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 59/34, 2020, Page(s) 15332-15342, ISSN 0888-5885
Publisher: American Chemical Society
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.0c02943

Enhanced Separation of Neodymium and Dysprosium by Nonaqueous Solvent Extraction from a Polyethylene Glycol 200 Phase Using the Neutral Extractant Cyanex 923

Author(s): Brecht Dewulf, Nagaphani Kumar Batchu, Koen Binnemans
Published in: ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, 8/51, 2020, Page(s) 19032-19039, ISSN 2168-0485
Publisher: American Chemical Society
DOI: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.0c07207

Thermodynamic Modeling of Salting Effects in Solvent Extraction of Cobalt(II) from Chloride Media by the Basic Extractant Methyltrioctylammonium Chloride

Author(s): Rayco Lommelen, Koen Binnemans
Published in: ACS Omega, 6/17, 2021, Page(s) 11355-11366, ISSN 2470-1343
Publisher: American Chemical Society
DOI: 10.1021/acsomega.1c00340

Electrodeposition of neodymium and dysprosium from organic electrolytes

Author(s): Pieter Geysens, Pin-Cheng Lin, Jan Fransaer, Koen Binnemans
Published in: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 23/15, 2021, Page(s) 9070-9079, ISSN 1463-9076
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
DOI: 10.1039/d0cp06606k

Efficient and Sustainable Removal of Magnesium from Brines for Lithium/Magnesium Separation Using Binary Extractants

Author(s): Zheng Li, Jonas Mercken, Xiaohua Li, Sofía Riaño, Koen Binnemans
Published in: ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, 7/23, 2019, Page(s) 19225-19234, ISSN 2168-0485
Publisher: American Chemical Society
DOI: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.9b05436

Solvometallurgical process for extraction of copper from chalcopyrite and other sulfidic ore minerals

Author(s): Xiaohua Li, Wouter Monnens, Zheng Li, Jan Fransaer, Koen Binnemans
Published in: Green Chemistry, 22/2, 2020, Page(s) 417-426, ISSN 1463-9262
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
DOI: 10.1039/c9gc02983d

Determination of Chlorides in Ionic Liquids by Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry

Author(s): Willem Vereycken, Sofía Riaño, Tom Van Gerven, Koen Binnemans
Published in: ACS Omega, 6/21, 2021, Page(s) 13620-13625, ISSN 2470-1343
Publisher: American Chemical Society
DOI: 10.1021/acsomega.1c00586

Hard–Soft Interactions in Solvent Extraction with Basic Extractants: Comparing Zinc and Cadmium Halides

Author(s): Rayco Lommelen, Koen Binnemans
Published in: ACS Omega, 6/42, 2021, Page(s) 27924-27935, ISSN 2470-1343
Publisher: American Chemical Society
DOI: 10.1021/acsomega.1c03790

Development of a solvometallurgical process for the separation of yttrium and europium by Cyanex 923 from ethylene glycol solutions

Author(s): Nagaphani Kumar Batchu, Brecht Dewulf, Sofía Riaño, Koen Binnemans
Published in: Separation and Purification Technology, 235, 2020, Page(s) 116193, ISSN 1383-5866
Publisher: Pergamon Press Ltd.
DOI: 10.1016/j.seppur.2019.116193

Reversible electrodeposition and stripping of magnesium from solvate ionic liquid–tetrabutylammonium chloride mixtures

Author(s): Pieter Geysens, Jan Fransaer, Koen Binnemans
Published in: RSC Advances, 10/69, 2020, Page(s) 42021-42029, ISSN 2046-2069
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
DOI: 10.1039/d0ra08187f

Indium electrodeposition from indium( iii ) methanesulfonate in DMSO

Author(s): Wouter Monnens, Clio Deferm, Koen Binnemans, Jan Fransaer
Published in: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 22/42, 2020, Page(s) 24526-24534, ISSN 1463-9076
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
DOI: 10.1039/d0cp03277h

Non-aqueous solvent extraction of indium from an ethylene glycol feed solution by the ionic liquid Cyphos IL 101: speciation study and continuous counter-current process in mixer–settlers

Author(s): Clio Deferm, Bieke Onghena, Viet Tu Nguyen, Dipanjan Banerjee, Jan Fransaer, Koen Binnemans
Published in: RSC Advances, 10/41, 2020, Page(s) 24595-24612, ISSN 2046-2069
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
DOI: 10.1039/d0ra04684a

Selective Roasting of Nd–Fe‒B Permanent Magnets as a Pretreatment Step for Intensified Leaching with an Ionic Liquid

Author(s): Martina Orefice, Amy Van den Bulck, Bart Blanpain, Koen Binnemans
Published in: Journal of Sustainable Metallurgy, 6/1, 2020, Page(s) 91-102, ISSN 2199-3823
Publisher: Springer
DOI: 10.1007/s40831-019-00259-1

Mechanism of Ferric Chloride Facilitating Efficient Lithium Extraction from Magnesium-Rich Brine with Tri- n -butyl Phosphate

Author(s): Zheng Li, Koen Binnemans
Published in: Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 60/23, 2021, Page(s) 8538-8547, ISSN 0888-5885
Publisher: American Chemical Society
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.1c01003

Ethylammonium nitrate enhances the extraction of transition metal nitrates by tri‐ n ‐butyl phosphate ( TBP )

Author(s): Zheng Li, Zidan Zhang, Bieke Onghena, Xiaohua Li, Koen Binnemans
Published in: AIChE Journal, 67, 2021, Page(s) paper number e17213 (9 pages), ISSN 0001-1541
Publisher: American Institute of Chemical Engineers
DOI: 10.1002/aic.17213

Hydration counteracts the separation of lanthanides by solvent extraction

Author(s): Zheng Li, Koen Binnemans
Published in: AIChE Journal, 66/9, 2020, ISSN 0001-1541
Publisher: American Institute of Chemical Engineers
DOI: 10.1002/aic.16545

Oxidative Dissolution of Metals in Organic Solvents

Author(s): Xiaohua Li, Koen Binnemans
Published in: Chemical Reviews, 121/8, 2021, Page(s) 4506-4530, ISSN 0009-2665
Publisher: American Chemical Society
DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemrev.0c00917

Nonaqueous Solvent Extraction for Enhanced Metal Separations: Concept, Systems, and Mechanisms

Author(s): Zheng Li, Brecht Dewulf, Koen Binnemans
Published in: Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 60/48, 2021, Page(s) 17285–17302, ISSN 1520-5045
Publisher: American Chemical Society
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.1c02287

Separation of rare-earth ions from ethylene glycol (+LiCl) solutions by non-aqueous solvent extraction with Cyanex 923

Author(s): Nagaphani Kumar Batchu, Tom Vander Hoogerstraete, Dipanjan Banerjee, Koen Binnemans
Published in: RSC Advances, 7/72, 2017, Page(s) 45351-45362, ISSN 2046-2069
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
DOI: 10.1039/C7RA09144C

Solvometallurgy: An Emerging Branch of Extractive Metallurgy

Author(s): Koen Binnemans, Peter Tom Jones
Published in: Journal of Sustainable Metallurgy, 3/3, 2017, Page(s) 570-600, ISSN 2199-3823
Publisher: Springer
DOI: 10.1007/s40831-017-0128-2

Ionic liquids with trichloride anions for oxidative dissolution of metals and alloys

Author(s): Xiaohua Li, Arne Van den Bossche, Tom Vander Hoogerstraete, Koen Binnemans
Published in: Chemical Communications, 54/5, 2018, Page(s) 475-478, ISSN 1359-7345
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
DOI: 10.1039/C7CC08645H

Separation of transition metals from rare earths by non-aqueous solvent extraction from ethylene glycol solutions using Aliquat 336

Author(s): Zheng Li, Xiaohua Li, Stijn Raiguel, Koen Binnemans
Published in: Separation and Purification Technology, 201, 2018, Page(s) 318-326, ISSN 1383-5866
Publisher: Pergamon Press Ltd.
DOI: 10.1016/j.seppur.2018.03.022

Mechanochemical-Assisted Leaching of Lamp Phosphors: A Green Engineering Approach for Rare-Earth Recovery

Author(s): Steff Van Loy, Koen Binnemans, Tom Van Gerven
Published in: Engineering, 4/3, 2018, Page(s) 398-405, ISSN 2095-8099
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.eng.2018.05.015

Selective Substitution of POCl3 with Organometallic Reagents: Synthesis of Phosphinates and Phosphonates

Author(s): Koen Binnemans, Bram Verbelen, Wim Dehaen
Published in: Synthesis, 50/10, 2018, Page(s) 2019-2026, ISSN 0039-7881
Publisher: Georg Thieme Verlag
DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1609435

Metal Recovery from Spent Samarium–Cobalt Magnets Using a Trichloride Ionic Liquid

Author(s): Xiaohua Li, Zheng Li, Martina Orefice, Koen Binnemans
Published in: ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, 7/2, 2018, Page(s) 2578-2584, ISSN 2168-0485
Publisher: American Chemical Society
DOI: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.8b05604

Solvometallurgical route for the recovery of Sm, Co, Cu and Fe from SmCo permanent magnets

Author(s): Martina Orefice, Heleen Audoor, Zheng Li, Koen Binnemans
Published in: Separation and Purification Technology, 219, 2019, Page(s) 281-289, ISSN 1383-5866
Publisher: Pergamon Press Ltd.
DOI: 10.1016/j.seppur.2019.03.029

Electrodeposition of indium from the ionic liquid trihexyl(tetradecyl)phosphonium chloride

Author(s): Clio Deferm, João C. Malaquias, Bieke Onghena, Dipanjan Banerjee, Jan Luyten, Harald Oosterhof, Jan Fransaer, Koen Binnemans
Published in: Green Chemistry, 21/6, 2019, Page(s) 1517-1530, ISSN 1463-9262
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
DOI: 10.1039/c8gc03389g

Electrodeposition of indium from non-aqueous electrolytes

Author(s): Wouter Monnens, Clio Deferm, Jeroen Sniekers, Jan Fransaer, Koen Binnemans
Published in: Chemical Communications, 55/33, 2019, Page(s) 4789-4792, ISSN 1359-7345
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
DOI: 10.1039/c8cc10254f

Speciation of lanthanide ions in the organic phase after extraction from nitrate media by basic extractants

Author(s): Bieke Onghena, Eleonora Papagni, Ernesto Rezende Souza, Dipanjan Banerjee, Koen Binnemans, Tom Vander Hoogerstraete
Published in: RSC Advances, 8/56, 2018, Page(s) 32044-32054, ISSN 2046-2069
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
DOI: 10.1039/c8ra06712k

Enhancing Metal Separations by Liquid–Liquid Extraction Using Polar Solvents

Author(s): Zheng Li, Zidan Zhang, Simon Smolders, Xiaohua Li, Stijn Raiguel, Erik Nies, Dirk E. De Vos, Koen Binnemans
Published in: Chemistry – A European Journal, 25/39, 2019, Page(s) 9197-9201, ISSN 0947-6539
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
DOI: 10.1002/chem.201901800

Separation of GaCl 3 from AlCl 3 by Solid–Liquid Extraction and Stripping Using Anhydrous n -Dodecane and NaCl

Author(s): Zheng Li, Brent Bruynseels, Zidan Zhang, Koen Binnemans
Published in: Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 58/27, 2019, Page(s) 12459-12464, ISSN 0888-5885
Publisher: American Chemical Society
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b00768

Enhancing Metal Separations Using Hydrophilic Ionic Liquids and Analogues as Complexing Agents in the More Polar Phase of Liquid–Liquid Extraction Systems

Author(s): Zheng Li, Bieke Onghena, Xiaohua Li, Zidan Zhang, Koen Binnemans
Published in: Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 58/34, 2019, Page(s) 15628-15636, ISSN 0888-5885
Publisher: American Chemical Society
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b03472

Model for Metal Extraction from Chloride Media with Basic Extractants: A Coordination Chemistry Approach

Author(s): Rayco Lommelen, Tom Vander Hoogerstraete, Bieke Onghena, Isabelle Billard, Koen Binnemans
Published in: Inorganic Chemistry, 58/18, 2019, Page(s) 12289-12301, ISSN 0020-1669
Publisher: American Chemical Society
DOI: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.9b01782

Tuning Solvent Miscibility: A Fundamental Assessment on the Example of Induced Methanol/ n -Dodecane Phase Separation

Author(s): Roberto Macchieraldo, Sascha Gehrke, Nagaphani K. Batchu, Barbara Kirchner, Koen Binnemans
Published in: The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 123/20, 2019, Page(s) 4400-4407, ISSN 1520-6106
Publisher: American Chemical Society
DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcb.9b00839

Electrochemical behavior and electrodeposition of gallium in 1,2-dimethoxyethane-based electrolytes

Author(s): Wouter Monnens, Pin-Cheng Lin, Clio Deferm, Koen Binnemans, Jan Fransaer
Published in: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 23/29, 2021, Page(s) 15492-15502, ISSN 1463-9076
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
DOI: 10.1039/d1cp01074c

Closed-loop process for recovery of metals from NdFeB magnets using a trichloride ionic liquid

Author(s): Xiaohua Li, Zheng Li, Koen Binnemans
Published in: Separation and Purification Technology, 275, 2021, Page(s) 119158, ISSN 1383-5866
Publisher: Pergamon Press Ltd.
DOI: 10.1016/j.seppur.2021.119158

Solvometallurgical process for the recovery of rare-earth elements from Nd–Fe–B magnets

Author(s): Koen Binnemans; Martina Orefice
Published in: Separation and Purification Technology, 258, 2021, Page(s) paper number 117800 (10 pages), ISSN 1383-5866
Publisher: Pergamon Press Ltd.
DOI: 10.1016/j.seppur.2020.117800

Continuous Counter-Current Ionic Liquid Metathesis in Mixer-Settlers: Efficiency Analysis and Comparison with Batch Operation

Author(s): Willem Vereycken, Sofía Riano, Tom Van Gerven, Koen Binnemans
Published in: ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, 10/2, 2022, Page(s) 946–955, ISSN 2168-0485
Publisher: American Chemical Society
DOI: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.1c06873

Ammoniacal Solvoleaching of Copper from High-Grade Chrysocolla

Author(s): Lukas Gijsemans, Joris Roosen, Sofía Riaño, Peter Tom Jones, Koen Binnemans
Published in: Journal of Sustainable Metallurgy, 6/4, 2020, Page(s) 589-598, ISSN 2199-3823
Publisher: Springer International Publishing
DOI: 10.1007/s40831-020-00294-3

Cation Effect of Chloride Salting Agents on Transition Metal Ion Hydration and Solvent Extraction by the Basic Extractant Methyltrioctylammonium Chloride

Author(s): Rayco Lommelen, Bieke Onghena, Koen Binnemans
Published in: Inorganic Chemistry, 59/18, 2020, Page(s) 13442-13452, ISSN 0020-1669
Publisher: American Chemical Society
DOI: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.0c01821

Opposite selectivities of tri‐ n ‐butyl phosphate and Cyanex 923 in solvent extraction of lithium and magnesium

Author(s): Zheng Li, Koen Binnemans
Published in: AIChE Journal, 67, 2021, Page(s) Paper number e17219 (11 pages), ISSN 0001-1541
Publisher: American Institute of Chemical Engineers
DOI: 10.1002/aic.17219

Chromatographic separation of rare earths from aqueous and ethanolic leachates of NdFeB and SmCo magnets by a supported ionic liquid phase

Author(s): Dženita Avdibegović, Koen Binnemans
Published in: RSC Advances, 11, 2021, Page(s) 8207-8217, ISSN 2046-2069
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
DOI: 10.1039/d0ra09766g