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Carbon footprint of freight transport

Objective

With foreign direct investments still on the rise and on-going globalization of production and distribution activities, supply chains are often of international nature, encompassing a wide range of various transports and handling elements. The current transport system is powered by 95% petroleum products and is accountable for about 23% of the global energy related CO2 emissions. The potential for achieving a measurable impact by improved transportation processes within supply chains on the worldwide scale is therefore huge.
In the past, carbon footprint calculation obligations did not exist in the sector of transport and logistics, neither on national nor on international levels. Approaches were taken by individual organizations and corporations to develop methods, tools and databases for emission calculations. These approaches vary hugely though, and today a wide range of different methodologies and tools are applied by the various players to calculate their CO2 emissions often focusing on a specific mode of transport. Furthermore different databases are used to calculate emissions with some calculations being based on data measured by individual companies and organizations, others being based on default data provided by public sources (e.g. HBEFA, COPERT 4). Various calculation tools apply different indicators and have different application scopes, often making comparison of the results impossible. In order to analyse the efficiency and effectiveness of different supply chains however, such comparability is required: comparison on shippers’ level, on transport mode level, on shipment level, on carrier level, on product level as well as over time are needed in order to identify best practice and improvement possibilities as well as to analyse the impact of amendments to existing processes. Based on this background, the COFRET project’s main objectives are to

> review existing methodologies for the calculation of carbon footprint and greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) of freight transport and logistics in the context of supply chains and to evaluate their compatibility with the European standard EN 16258
> identify and prioritise gaps as well as ambiguities in calculation guidelines within the EN 16258 standard regarding coverage of freight transport and logistics in the context of supply chains, supported by the means of real-life case studies
> suggest possible approaches to achieve comparability for the calculation of emissions along supply chains, with a special focus on the identified gaps and ambiguities;

The COFRET approach will comply fully with the European standard EN 16258, published in 2012. The added value of COFRET is that it provides transparency on existing carbon footprint calculation methodologies and that it provides suggestions for next steps needed in order to achieve a global alignment of calculation principles and comparable reporting as part of a process to support global alignment of standardisation.

Field of science

  • /social sciences/social and economic geography/transport/freight transport

Call for proposal

FP7-SST-2010-RTD-1
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

CP-FP - Small or medium-scale focused research project

Coordinator

DEUTSCHES ZENTRUM FUR LUFT - UND RAUMFAHRT EV
Address
Linder Hohe
51147 Koln
Germany
Activity type
Research Organisations
EU contribution
€ 249 316
Administrative Contact
Fabian Breitenstein (Mr.)

Participants (13)

INSTITUT FRANCAIS DES SCIENCES ET TECHNOLOGIES DES TRANSPORTS, DE L'AMENAGEMENT ET DES RESEAUX
France
EU contribution
€ 53 186
Address
Boulevard Isaac Newton 14 Cite Descartes 14-20
77447 Marne La Vallee Cedex 2
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Daniel Tinet (Mr.)
RAPP TRANS AG
Switzerland
EU contribution
€ 169 176
Address
Utlibergstrasse 132
8045 Zurich
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Martin Ruesch (Mr.)
TEKNOLOGIAN TUTKIMUSKESKUS VTT
Finland
EU contribution
€ 219 541
Address
Tekniikantie 4 A
02044 VTT Espoo
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Kari Mäkelä (Mr.)
PTV PLANUNG TRANSPORT VERKEHR AG.
Germany
EU contribution
€ 226 442
Address
Haid Und Neu Strasse 15
76131 Karlsruhe
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Marcel Huschebeck (Mr.)
TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITAT DORTMUND
Germany
EU contribution
€ 74 716
Address
August Schmidt Strasse 4
44227 Dortmund
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Michael Lohmeier (Mr.)
ETHNIKO KENTRO EREVNAS KAI TECHNOLOGIKIS ANAPTYXIS
Greece
EU contribution
€ 60 625
Address
Charilaou Thermi Road 6 Km
57001 Thermi Thessaloniki
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
George Giannopoulos (Prof.)
TRANSPORT & TRAVEL RESEARCH LTD
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 194 585
Address
Market Street 15 Garrick Suite
WS13 6JX Lichfield Staffordshire
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Alan Lewis (Dr.)
NEDERLANDSE ORGANISATIE VOOR TOEGEPAST NATUURWETENSCHAPPELIJK ONDERZOEK TNO
Netherlands
EU contribution
€ 206 200
Address
Anna Van Buerenplein 1
2595 DA Den Haag
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Igor Davydenko (Mr.)
PANTEIA BV
Netherlands
EU contribution
€ 226 700
Address
Bredewater 26
2715 CA Zoetermeer
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Kees Nederstigt (Mr.)
MARLO CONSULTANTS GMBH
Germany
EU contribution
€ 41 820
Address
Haid-und-neu-strasse 7
76131 Karlsruhe
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Roland Frindik (Mr.)
TRANSPORTOKONOMISK INSTITUTT
Norway
EU contribution
€ 190 594
Address
Gaustadalleen 21
0349 Oslo
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Olav Eidhammer (Mr.)
VILNIAUS GEDIMINO TECHNIKOS UNIVERSITETAS
Lithuania
EU contribution
€ 42 600
Address
Sauletekio Al 11
10223 Vilnius
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Andrius Jaržemskis (Dr.)
INSTYTUT TRANSPORTU SAMOCHODOWEGO
Poland
EU contribution
€ 38 408
Address
Ul. Jagiellonska 80
03-301 Warszawa
Activity type
Other
Administrative Contact
Jerzy Waśkiewicz (Dr.)