The proceedings of an advanced study course, organised by the European School of Climatology and Natural Hazards, within the framework of the EU's Environment and Climate research programme, have recently been published. The study course was held in Volterra, Italy, from 16 to 24 March 1996 and was attended by over 50 graduate and post-graduate students from all over Europe. The publication contains full texts of the lectures given during the course, as well as presentations from the participating students on their own research activities and interests. The topics presented by the lecturers during the course come under the following headings: - Climate analysis, global change and impacts on agriculture and forestry; - Changing climate; - Vegetation in a changing climate; - Experimentation and changes; - Modelling and upscaling; - Socio-economic implications and alleviation measures. Examples of the student papers presented include: - Effects of climate change in regional weather patterns over Portugal; - Land-use and climate change impact on peat-land ecosystems; - Influence of elevated CO2 on growth, production and quality of wheat.