The Commission released on 10 March 1994 an outline of the specific programmes within the Fourth Framework Programme. This includes an overview of the aims and objectives of RTD to be undertaken in the field of industrial technologies: 1) Industrial and Materials Technologies: The three themes of environment, employment and transport are central to this programme. Its overall objective is to contribute to the realization of "sustainable development", in the preparation of the factory of the future, integrating the new technologies (notably the "clean" technologies) and offering a high quality working environment. At the same time, the programme seeks to stimulate product innovation and reduce transport problems. Research in these fields should increase the competitivity of European enterprises and stimulate economic growth. Three research fields are included: - "Production technologies for the industry of the future", covering the integration of new technologies in production systems, the development of "clean" technologies, treatment of raw materials and waste, site and process safety, improvement of organizational models for enterprises and working conditions; - "Technologies for product innovation", including research on traditional as well as advanced materials and associated technologies in order to promote the creation of new products; - "Technologies for transport", seeking to develop the necessary tools for the aeronautical, railway, automobile and maritime industries to design vehicles and traffic control systems in order to improve transport capacities, security, quality, speed and comfort while respecting the environment. Emphasis will be placed on global approaches which integrate technological, economic and environmental considerations. Accompanying measures will include a specific procedure established under CRAFT (loans covering the exploratory phase of projects) aiming to increase the participation of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). 2) Measurement and Testing: RTD actions in this field will seek to harmonize measurement systems, norms and standards in order to facilitate the implementation of the policies of the European Union and contribute to the correct functioning of the single market. These actions fall under three areas: - "Measurements for quality European products", in order to facilitate the emergence of a new generation of products, particularly via research on measurement methods and instrumentation, reference materials and also raw materials and finished products; - "Prenormative research and technical support to commerce", to create the scientific or technical information necessary for the establishment of standards and to enable appropriate legislation to facilitate world commerce and provide consumer and environmental protection; - "Measures for the benefit of society", where research aims to improve individual health and security and the quality of the environment (health of the population, animal health, food hygiene, product security, work safety, protection of the European cultural heritage). RTD actions will also be undertaken in collaboration with the Joint Research Centre. A number of supporting measures (promotion of results, conferences, evaluation) will facilitate programme implementation, particularly aiming to encourage the participation of SMEs.
Policy making and guidelines
9 March 1994