The Council has published its common position (EC) No 35/94 of 18 July 1994 with a view to adopting a Council Decision concerning the rules for the participation of undertakings, research centres and universities in RTD activities of the European Community. Participation in RTD activities with a financial contribution from the Community will be open to the Joint Research Centre and to any legal entity in the Community or in a third country associated with the Fourth Framework programme. The legal entity must be able to contribute to the RTD activity concerned as a potential user of RTD results or it must assist in the dissemination and optimization of RTD results, including the transfer of RTD results for exploitation. International organizations and legal entities from third countries not associated with the programme may participate in Community RTD activities on a project by project basis on condition that such participation is in the interest of Community policies. They will not, as a general rule, benefit from Community financing under the Fourth Framework programme.