The European Council has authorized the Commission to conclude two Cooperation Agreements in the fields of controlled nuclear fusion and nuclear safety with the Russian Federation under the Euratom Treaty. The two Agreements follow on from the provisions of the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement signed with Russia in June 1994. The first Agreement is aimed at maintaining and stepping up cooperation between the parties in the fields covered by their respective fusion programmes on a basis of equality and reciprocal advantage. It is accordingly designed to develop, especially in the framework of the International Thermonuclear Reactor (ITER) activities, the scientific knowledge and technical capabilities behind a fusion reactor system. Cooperation under the second Agreement is intended to contribute, on a basis of mutual advantage, to improving nuclear safety and in particular to determining and implementing scientifically underwritten, and internationally accepted, nuclear safety guidelines.