Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS

All aboard for better marine stewardship through research and innovation

Human society depends on the seas for a multitude of products and services. They provide a source of food and energy, facilitate transportation of goods and people, and also offer recreation opportunities. However, along with marine exploitation comes the imperative for sustainable approaches, which must strike a balance between socio-economic advantage and environmental protection. With almost three quarters of the planet covered in water, the stakes are high.
All aboard for better marine stewardship through research and innovation
When we speak of the maritime environment, we often do so in language which conjures up notions of a strange and somewhat unknown environment, where much is hidden. This has led some to claim that the seas – not space – represents the last true frontier. When it comes to efforts such as determining the prevalence and impact of maritime pollution or the search for novel lifeforms, it is clear that much does indeed remain unexplored.

Coordinated efforts for resource management

The EU’s approach to maritime activities is centred on the inter-connectedness of marine-based human activities. Integral to this approach is a sensitivity of the fact that changes to one aspect of the system can affect others. Additionally, various authorities have been encouraged to cooperate, for example with the sharing of data across policy areas, which can result in more holistic risk assessments and solutions.

Alongside joined-up working, the key to success will be the availability of timely data, afforded by cutting-edge bio-sensors and automation advances, which can offer early-warning protocols. In tandem, there is a need to put into practice sustainability resource management principles, with approaches such as the recirculation or repurposing of materials.

A better understanding of environmental processes, biodiversity, the impacts of human activities (land-based and marine) and of climate change, including sea-level rise, as well as the socio-economic impacts of marine protection, requires a multi-disciplinary approach. As such, EU programmes such as FP7 and Horizon 2020 have been providing the necessary funding to exciting research initiatives across Europe.

Navigating developments in EU maritime research

This Results Pack features 12 such innovative projects, such as the SMS and BRAAVOO projects that both set out to tackle the challenge of detecting traces from a range of marine pollutants, with biosensor equipment which can transmit results in real-time, supporting the decision making of the seafood industry and environmental authorities. SEA-ON-A-CHIP took a similar approach by developing an early warning system for common contaminants affecting health and the environment. SEA LITTER CRITTERS took a more ‘hands on’ approach to combating pollution, with a device which literally captures and processes litter at sea, using plasma technology.

Some projects have concentrated more on developing ways to maximise the efficiency of current endeavours. For example, OCEANFISH took advantage of ocean currents to enable fish farming further out to sea. Whereas TARGETFISH worked towards keeping the fish in these farms disease-free by developing vaccines with an effective means of delivery. ARRAINA explored plant based feed for farmed fish to reduce pressure on marine resources, whereas IDREEM sought to improve the integrated production of the European aquaculture sector for reduced waste and increased competitiveness.

Finally, two projects look to shape the future, but in very different ways. PHARMASEA delved the unexplored ocean depths and marine microbes in the quest for new compounds which could offer the basis for new medicines. Meanwhile, the SEACHANGE project used outreach activities to promote knowledge about the vital role that marine environments play in our daily lives, targeting Europe’s urban communities.
Could a cluster of biosensors effectively monitor a wide range of ocean pollution?
Combining novel biosensors, the EU-funded BRAAVOO project has designed a device to detect toxins in the oceans. The approach developed can detect a range of molecules in situ, from...
Sustainable food production through aquaponics
EU-funded researchers have successfully implemented new technological approaches to aquaponics – aquaculture and hydroponics combined – offering cost savings for food producers,...
Open ocean fish farming can produce healthier fish and less pollution
An Israeli SME has adapted its system to enable fish farming far out at sea. Its innovative solution harnesses ocean currents to lessen environmental impact and can submerge beneath...
Cleaning up with the Sea Litter Critter
Could an automated ‘critter’ eat up and process litter at sea using plasma technology? One EU-funded project set to work to find out.
Tracking ocean pollution in real time
EU-funded researchers have developed a device that can detect traces of marine pollutants and send real-time alerts. This time-saving method could bring huge benefits to the seafood...
Protecting aquaculture by vaccinating fish
Researchers with the EU-funded TARGETFISH project are using vaccines to help combat the outbreak of disease in farmed fish species.
Assessing trawling impact to better protect seabeds
EU-funded researchers have carried out an in-depth analysis of how trawling can impact life on the sea floor. This has provided a clearer picture of the balance that must be struck...
Protecting our seafood from marine pollution
Researchers with the EU-funded SEA-ON-A-CHIP project have developed an early warning system that provides real-time analysis of marine waters in multi-stressor conditions.
Think blue — the ocean and our lives
Europe’s urbanised populations have little understanding of the importance of the oceans to life and the human impact on the sea. An EU-funded initiative wants to change that.
Marine biodiscovery digs deep in the quest for new treatments
Despite containing huge potential for the harvesting of unique chemical compounds, the world's oceans remain under-explored. The EU-funded PHARMASEA project sets out to release some...
Effect of vegetarian feeds on farmed fish
Fish caught at sea are used as feed for Europe’s growing aquaculture sector. An EU-funded initiative addressed this unsustainable use of marine resources by examining the effect of...
New technology and management techniques could lift European aquaculture industry
Aquaculture is a booming industry, but growth in Europe is falling behind the rest of the world. One EU-funded project has developed new concepts and technology that could turn this...

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Innovation and exploration through cutting-edge Microbiome research
Everybody and everything is surrounded by microbiomes and understanding what microbiomes do, what they are, and how they interact is a new scientific frontier made now reachable by...
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