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BSC takes part in cross-sector Cyber-Physical Systems project for the development of large scientific astronomical instruments

BSC participates in the EU-funded Rising STARS: RISE International Network for Solutions Technologies and Applications of Real-Time Systems, an exciting project that combines high-end research with global collaborations and networking. The project is funded under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie RISE program and is coordinated by the Observatoire de Paris.

Fundamental Research

Rising STARS is addressing the need of parallel programming frameworks for the development and execution of advanced and large-scale Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) with High-Performance Computing (HPC) and Real-Time requirements and guaranteed functional operation. To meet this need, the project aims to investigate a new generation of parallel programming models supporting parallel and heterogeneous computing to leverage the most advanced accelerator devices, with software productivity as the main goal. A fundamental aspect of Rising STARS is the cross-sector and multi-disciplinary consortium composed of top-level HPC research centers: Barcelona Supercomputing Center (BSC), Australian National University (ANU) and the Observatoire de Paris (OdP); multinational companies and SME leaders in the development of advanced CPS: NVIDIA, Thales, Microgate, Kalray and the Ariane Group; and end-users and experts at major astronomical observatories: the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan (NAOJ) responsible for operating the 8.2-meter optical-infrared Subaru Telescope at Hawaii and the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) responsible for the Australian Square Kilometre Array Pathfinder (SKA); from seven countries and four continents. Secondments that will foster knowledge exchange between institutions will be a vital part of the partners’ efforts. Eduardo Quiñones, senior researcher at BSC and collaborator in the project, mentions: “We are proud to be part of Rising STARS, an aspiring multi-disciplinary project that will bring researchers from different scientific and cultural backgrounds together into a single network in order to achieve competitive results.” He continues “BSC will bring its expertise on the evolution of well-known parallel programming models used in HPC domain, e.g. OpenMP, OmpSs, MPI, COMPSs, to enable a versatile and efficient data acquisition platform by exposing data acquisition mechanisms in the programming model and introduce real-time oriented features in the programming model.” The project includes four visionary, yet realistic use-cases: an adaptive optics system for extremely large telescopes, capable of characterizing the atmospheric turbulence and mirrors corrections within 1ms and a maximum jitter of 100μs (or less); the SKA system, for the regular monitoring of neutron stars by tracking the radio pulses arrival time with a 1ms period and with few tens of nanoseconds of accuracy over long periods; Adaptive Beamforming, capable of combining signals from multiple sensors focusing on one direction for applications such as seismology or radio astronomy; and Antarctica Observing Station, for real-time assimilation of data at the Antarctica station to assess the risk of collision of a satellite in operation with space debris. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie Grant Agreement No 873120.