The European Commission has published a draft Council Regulation (Euratom, EC) concerning structural business statistics. The general purpose of the Regulation is to require Member States to provide Eurostat with comparable statistical data relating to the structure, activity, competitiveness and performance of the European business community. While the national statistical offices remain responsible for the collection of data, the Regulation lays down the norms, standards and definitions necessary for producing comparable statistics within the European Union. The Regulation does not lay down the actual collection methods to be used and, as such, each Member State may conduct the data collection exercises in the manner most appropriate to its own situation. The Regulation will provide a common framework for the collection, transmission and development of structural business statistics in order to produce comparative data between the Member States. Such statistical information is required by the Commission, the Member States themselves, businesses and other users.