The European Commission, DG XIII, has published a research evaluation report on the Community's ECLAIR (1988-1993) and FLAIR (1989-1993) programmes. The ECLAIR programme (European Collaborative Linkage of Agriculture and Industry through Research) was established by Council Decision 89/160/EEC on 23 February 1989, and the FLAIR programme (Food Linked Agro-Industrial Research) was established by Council Decision 89/411/EEC on 20 June 1989, as part of the Community activities in research and technological development under the Second Framework Programme (1989-1991). ECLAIR was the first five-year programme launched by the European Community for agricultural and industrial advance through research and technological development by biotechnology and other advanced technologies. The programme sought to improve the interface of agriculture and industry by taking advantage of Europe's strength in biotechnology and the Life Sciences. The aim was to encourage transfer of technology in those areas where it would have most practical and economic benefits. The ECLAIR budget was ECU 80 million, of which ECU 65 million was devoted to shared cost projects and the remainder to training, mobility grants, workshops and the management of the programme. The FLAIR programme aimed to combine the efforts of scientists from research institutes and the food industry to satisfy consumer's increasing demands for more natural and healthy food, with greater diversity and without harmful residues, toxins or pathogenic micro-organisms. FLAIR was, thus, specifically aimed at food science and technology, including food quality, safety and nutrition. The FLAIR budget was ECU 25 million, of which ECU 15 million was allocated to share cost projects, ECU 3.5 million to concerted actions and ECU 5 million to studies, support of workshops, bursaries and training mobility grants and the management of the programme. The ECLAIR and FLAIR programmes are now closed, and the projects within them have been completed or are nearing completion. The report presents the evaluation of these two programmes carried out by a panel of seven independent experts appointed by the Commission. It includes: - A general introduction to the ECLAIR/FLAIR programmes and to the objectives and methodology of the evaluation; - An executive summary; - A review of projects; - An overview of project achievements; - Examination of seven general issues: . Impact on science in the Community; . Effects of the programmes on European industry; . Consumer benefits; . Environmental benefits; . Dissemination of information; . Human resources; . Management of programmes. Annexes include terms of reference, membership of the panel, projects selected for detailed review, working arrangements of the panel, statistical data, project cluster reports and general issue reports.