Further to its September 1994 session, the Committee of the Regions has published its opinion on the proposal for a European Parliament and Council Decision laying down a series of guidelines for the development of the trans-European transport network. The Committee regarded the construction of an environmentally sound trans-European transport network as a key factor in making European economies more competitive, and in the light of this, pointed out that Member States must give priority to development at national level, with full regional and local participation. The Committee welcomed, among other things, the Commission's aim of integrating inaccessible regions, the island and peripheral regions, the European Free Trade Association countries, the Mediterranean, and Central and Eastern European countries more closely into the existing network. In this opinion, the Committee endorsed the considerable importance which the Commission attaches to the railway network. It pointed out, however, that the resources in the Fourth Research and Development Framework Programme earmarked for the transport sector are insufficient, and calls for improved coordination and consultation between the Commission, Heads of State and the European Parliament with regard to the transport network.