On 1 June 1995, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a Council Decision concerning the conclusion of an agreement establishing a cooperation programme between the European Community and the United States of America in the area of higher education and vocational training. The cooperation programme, which will run for five years (1995-1999), is aimed at improving mutual understanding between the peoples of the European Community and the United States of America through the promotion of exchanges and a broader knowledge of languages, cultures and institutions. It also aims to improve the overall quality of human resource development and the exchange of expertise in this area. The programme would support joint projects carried out by European Union and United States' consortia. These could be composed of higher education institutions, vocational training establishments, or a mixture of the two. The consortia would also be encouraged to include other relevant actors as affiliated members. Funding for EU consortia will be provided by the European Community and funding for US consortia will be provided by the US authorities. The activities eligible for support would include: - Development of organizational frameworks for student mobility, including work placements, which provide adequate language preparation and full academic recognition; - Structured exchanges of students, teachers, trainers and administrators in higher education institutions and vocational education and training establishments; - Joint development of innovative curricula, including the development of teaching materials, methods and modules; - Teaching assignments forming an integral part of the curriculum in a partner institution; - Other innovative projects, including the use of new technologies and distance learning, which aim to improve the quality of transatlantic cooperation in higher education and vocational education and training. The programme would also support complementary activities such as: - Exchanges of information concerning vocational education and training and higher education, including, where appropriate, conferences on issues of mutual interest; - The provision of Fulbright scholarships for the study of, and research into, European Union affairs and relations between the European Union and the United States; - Measures to facilitate the dissemination of information on the programme, including availability of the results and achievements of joint consortia; - Provision of technical assistance to support the programme. The agreement will come into force following formal adoption by the Council and the government of the United States.