On 25 October 1995, the Economic and Social Committee (ESC) unanimously adopted an Opinion on the Coordination of Research and Technical Development policies (RTD). The Committee considers that it is vital to fully exploit the research-innovation-market process in order to enhance the competitiveness of European industry, boost employment and strengthen economic and social cohesion. The Committee further considers that all parties involved in research must work within a clear, transparent and pre-established Community framework to bring consistency, transparency and clarity to Community RTD action and increase European-added value. In this context, the Committee considers that the current intelligence revolution requires a joint effort from all sectors of the EU to guarantee the constant updating of innovative technological processes as well as a major commitment to non-tangible investment in human potential. To tackle the serious problems resulting from the lack of coordination at different levels, and to avoid the dangers of continuing to manage the research and technological innovation process via insufficiently integrated policies when these should be focused on the rapid transformation of scientific break-throughs into job-creating industrial and commercial successes, the Committee lists in its Opinions a number of recommendations and, in particular, the need to: - Reform bodies implementing Community RTD programmes and to simplify the administrative organization of such programmes; - Make coordination part and parcel of the Community RTD framework by creating networks for systematic exchange of information and "tableaux de bord" on national and Community research actions; - Develop a flexible, interdisciplinary approach in the light of the Fifth Framework programme; - Create a single European market for innovation by eliminating the present segmentation; - Promote a coordinated European environment in respect of national tax incentives for intangible investment and for innovation, especially in SMEs; - Stimulate the further intertwining of research and industry within the framework of new and more sophisticated machinery and a favourable legal and regulatory framework; - Develop international cooperation through the systematic coordination of activities carried out by the Member States and by the EU; - Reinforce coordination between the research/technological innovation policy and other Community policies, ensuring greater consistency between them. The Committee also envisages the parallel development of innovative coordination based on the setting-up of a new generation of Industrial Association Projects (IAPs). These projects, devised on a bottom-up approach by the very players involved in the research-innovation-market process and adopting new methods, criteria and procedures, would be grouped together to form a coherent, balanced whole.