The European Commission, DG XII, has published a report entitled "Cancer research at the European level". The report is the second in a series which covers the different areas of the specific research programme for Biomedicine and Health (BIOMED I). The report emanates from a meeting which was organized by the Commission on 8 September 1994 on the subject of cancer research at European level. The meeting brought together the 57 project leaders of Area 2.2 of the specific programme for Biomedicine and Health, implemented under the Third RTD Framework Programme (1990-1994), which covered the subject of cancer research. Area 2.2 of this programme covered the following topics: - Basic research: - Clinical research; - Screening studies and research; - Chemoprevention studies and research; - Epidemiological studies and research. In preparation for the meeting, the different abstracts of the ongoing projects related to cancer research were subclassified into specific topics in order to investigate whether all aspects of cancer research were being covered in the projects sponsored under BIOMED I. Following a presentation by the different project leaders and group discussions, it became clear that the BIOMED I programme had succeeded in selecting a broad range of projects which covered a full spectrum of different cancer research topics. The meeting also provided an opportunity to discuss important new ideas and results which had evolved and originated within the different projects. The discussion led to new approaches and collaborations amongst and between the established networks of the BIOMED I programme.