The European Commission, on the initiative of Commissioner Edith Cresson, in agreement with Commissioners Mario Monti and Padraig Flynn, has adopted a Green Paper which aims to remove the barriers to mobility faced by those wishing to study, train or carry out research in another Member State. The Green Paper recognizes the undoubted benefits to be gained from education, training or research in another Member State. There remain, however, a large number of barriers which discourage students, teachers, researchers, volunteers and workers in the field of training from moving across Member States' boundaries. These are identified in the Green Paper, which proposes nine areas for action: - Establish a legal framework for interns and volunteers in the Community which addresses problems of tax and social security; - Apply uniform conditions across the Community for researchers with grants; - Ensure social protection for all persons moving within the EU for educational purposes, as is already the case for those looking for work; - Create the conditions for mutual recognition of qualifications and periods of study/training in other Member States; - Remove the territorial character of study grants, thus allowing the less well-off to benefit from education in another Member State; - Treat EU citizens on an equal basis with legal immigrants from third countries; - Reduce socio-economic difficulties by providing extra assistance to the less well-off in order to enable them to benefit from training periods in other Member States; - Encourage language learning, including of the less-spoken languages; - Improve information on the possibilities existing for mobility during education and increase awareness of its advantages. The Green Paper will form the basis for wide-ranging discussions with all interested parties over the next few months.