Specific multiannual research and training programme (Euratom) in the field of radiation protection, 1990-1991 Part of the Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development (1987-1991) under subactivity 1.2: "Radiation protection". Intended to help meet the Community's research needs in this field for the period 1990 to 1994, the programme is a follow-up to the 1985-1989 programme. Close coordination with Community programmes on nuclear energy, the environment and medicine is assured by the regular exchange of information.To generate the scientific knowledge for continued updating of basic safety standards in relation to ionizing radiation, for assessing the health risks from accidents, low-dosage exposure and new applications of radiation, for developing normal counter-measures and the capacity to manage crises, and for formulating environmental criteria for radioactivity.Three areas: - Human exposure to radiation and radioactivity: . Measurement of radiation dose and its interpretation; . Transfer and behaviour of radionuclides in the environment; - Consequences of radiation exposure to man, their assessment, prevention and treatment: . Stochastic effects of radiation; . Non-stochastic effects of radiation; . Radiation effects on the developing organism; - Risks and management of radiation exposure: . Assessment of human exposure and risks; . Optimization and management of radiation protection.The Commission, assisted by the Management and Coordination Advisory Committee (CGC) on Radiation Protection, is responsible for executing the programme by means of shared-cost research contracts, study contracts, coordinating actions and grants. Particular emphasis will be placed on awards of training and mobility grants. The Commission distributes information packs in all Community languages to accompany the invitation to participate in order to guarantee equal opportunities for enterprises, universities and research centres in the Member States. Contracts and grants will, where appropriate, be awarded following a selection procedure based on calls for proposals. Shared-cost research projects should normally be carried out by participants from more than one Member State. The Community may bear up to 50% of total expenditure or, where universities and research institutes are involved, up to 100% of the marginal costs. Contracts concluded by the Commission governs the rights and obligations of each party, in particular arrangements for the dissemination, protection and exploitation of research results. Information resulting from implementation of the shared-cost activities is made accessible on an equal basis to all Member States. After the end of the programme, an evaluation of the results achieved will be conducted by the Commission, which will report thereon to the European Parliament and the Council.