Whilst the safety of shipping has significantly improved since the major disasters in the past decades navigational accidents remain a frequent and almost daily occurrence. In addition, the growing size of containerships has been linked to an increasing frequency of major containership fires which are difficult to tackle and have often resulted in the loss of lives and the total loss of ship and cargo as well as dangers from toxic combustion products. Lost containers remain a serious navigational hazard with consequences for the safety of smaller vessels and boats as well as for imminent and longer term coastal pollution.
Human factors are often the most important causal factor within navigational accidents including collisions with waterborne traffic and structures, and groundings. Furthermore hazards such as collisions with large marine mammals and debris can be difficult to detect by means of human observation.
Despite improvements fires on-board containerships continue to be a regular occurrence which often require external intervention for crew evacuation (where at all possible) and on certain occasions have remained uncontrolled for days before burning out or being extinguished. Such interventions cannot be assured easily on most major shipping routes and are not always effective with consequent risks to crews, the marine environment and potentially coastal communities.
To address these challenges applicants will address one of the following two aspects:
- Systematically assess the causes, consequences and probability of navigational accidents, including collisions involving vessels and offshore structures, groundings, container losses, as well as collisions with marine mammals and floating objects.
- Develop solutions and standards to address the most important causal factors, including the removal/reduction of human factors through smart sensors and automatic prevention and evasion measures.
- To reduce and potentially eliminate the human factor develop and test innovative solutions beyond the state of the art to locate and stay clear of objects in order to avoid navigational accidents including collisions with marine mammals, floating debris and small surface vessels, in particular recreational crafts and fishing boats. Based on open source principles and common data protocols (e.g. AIS) the developed systems should also support digital networking to alert other waterborne traffic in real time of the location of hazards as well as supporting a European navigational hazards data base. The exploitation of Galileo GNSS services and eventually other space based services is to be foreseen.
- Propose solutions to the tracking and recovery of lost containers in cases where those containers pose a risk to navigation and the marine environment.
- Undertake a systematic analysis of containership fires’ causal factors (including malicious and erroneous cargo declarations), the currently established responses based on on-board means, and the consequences, including the potential consequence of a fire in coastal regions with an onshore wind.
- Research should address the range of risks, ship and cargo system design issues, fire detection and firefighting methods, accident management methodologies, and pertinent regulatory issues in order to greatly reduce the risk of fires at sea.
- Special attention should be given to fires within cargo areas (in holds and on deck) for which relevant risk control options should be presented, analysed and the effects of their application validated though computer simulation and model tests, including those for specific firefighting equipment.
- In cooperation with relevant authorities (EMSA, European flag states, coast guards, rescue services) accident management strategies and plans to minimise the consequences from containership fires in European coastal and port areas should be developed. This should include an analysis of and proposition for stand-by equipment and assets.
- Outcomes and strategies should be widely communicated to facilitate best practice and develop specific training plans, including practical exercises on a realistic scale, for crews in cooperation with operators and seafarer organisations.