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MIcro- and NAno-Plastics in AGRIricultural Soils: sources, environmental fate and impacts on ecosystem services and overall sustainability

Description du projet

Quand le plastique envahit les exploitations agricoles

Depuis des années, l’utilisation de plastiques dans les exploitations agricoles a permis aux agriculteurs d’augmenter la production de leurs cultures, d’améliorer la qualité des aliments et de réduire leur empreinte écologique. Cependant, l’utilisation croissante du plastique dans l’agriculture a engendré une pollution des sols, les résidus de plastique formant des macroplastiques, des microplastiques (MP) et des nanoplastiques (NP). Le projet MINAGRIS, financé par l’UE, permettra de mieux comprendre et d’évaluer l’impact des MP et NP sur la santé des sols agricoles. Le projet évaluera l’utilisation de divers polymères plastiques dans les systèmes agricoles. Il analysera leur impact sur les propriétés physico-chimiques du sol, la biodiversité du sol, la productivité des plantes, les services écosystémiques et leur transfert potentiel à d’autres parties de l’environnement et aux plantes, et il quantifiera les conséquences d’une gestion non durable des sols.

Objectif

Plastic use in agriculture has tremendously increased in the past decades resulting in soil pollution with plastic residues forming besides macroplastics micro (MP) and nanoplastics (NP).

MINAGRIS aims to contribute to healthy soils in Europe by providing a deeper understanding and tools to assess the impact of MP and NP in agricultural soil health.

To create an overview on the actual situation across Europe, MINAGRIS will assess the use of different plastic polymers in agricultural systems in 11 case study across Europe and identify the resulting types and concentrations of MPs and NPs. Concentrations of other stressors in soils such as pesticides and veterinary drugs will be additionally assessed.

MINAGRIS will provide validated analytical tools that allow the quantification and identification of MPs and NPs in soils.

Based on the results of the case study sites, controlled experiments will be conducted to analyse the impact of MPs and NPs on physico-chemical soil properties, soil biodiversity, plant productivity, and Ecosystem Services, as well as their potential transfer to other parts of the environment and plants. Furthermore, synergistic effects with other stressors are assessed.

Quantification of the impacts of MNP on soil biodiversity and agricultural productivity, their transport and degradation in the environment, their impacts on socio-economic components, and synergies between all of them will make it possible to identify, in a multifactorial vision, the benefits and risks associated with the use of plastics in agriculture.

Based on the results, MINAGRIS will quantify the economic, environmental, and social consequences of unsustainable soil management at the field and farm level in different biogeographical regions and, through a Multi-Actor Approach (MAA), develop a practical toolbox for and with farmers for the rapid assessment of soil exposure, at the same time raising relevant stakeholders’ and end-users’ awareness of the issue.

Mots‑clés

Appel à propositions

H2020-SFS-2018-2020

Voir d’autres projets de cet appel

Sous appel

H2020-SFS-2020-2

Coordinateur

WAGENINGEN UNIVERSITY
Contribution nette de l'UE
€ 741 375,00
Adresse
DROEVENDAALSESTEEG 4
6708 PB Wageningen
Pays-Bas

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Région
Oost-Nederland Gelderland Veluwe
Type d’activité
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Liens
Coût total
€ 741 375,00

Participants (20)