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Circular Packaging for Direct Food Contact Applications

Deliverables

Defined scenarios and data inventories for preliminary sustainability assessment

Scenarios for comparison are described using the three already defined use cases 1 Food packaging 2 Home care product packaging 3 Personal care product packaging New value chains and their products will be compared to the baseline treatment scenarios and reference packaging according to the feasible process cascades and applications The deliverable will also include process flow schemes of the full value chain in these three defined scenarios including collection sorting pretreatment recycling manufacturing of the new packaging use of the packaging for food or personal care products and the endoflife treatment of the packaging Preliminary mass and energy data inventories for all scenarios will be reported This deliverable is the outcome of Tasks T71 and T72

Communication Package (website, corporate design, logo, leaflet, rollup)

Communication package will include the homepage project logo rollup banner newsletters at least 8 social media project hashtag eg CIRCULAR FoodPack and project leaflets This deliverable will be the outcome of Task T83

Database of studied waste fractions, their analytical results and process cascades they were subjected to

The database will include the type of the waste fractions entering into WP3 from WP2, WP5 and WP6, their in depth characterisation, and will organise/track and streamline their treatment and recycling processes. This will be the outcome of Task T3.1.

Evaluation of barrier concepts

Fraunhofer will evaluate the performance of highly effective functional migration barrier concepts to assess if contaminations of polyethylene recyclates are reduced down to levels below of any toxicological concern and to qualify these grades to be used in specific food packaging applications. The assessments will be performed by combining migration and permeation experiments with theoretical modelling. Conclusions will be withdrawn on the effectiveness of the barrier layers as functional migration barriers and will be reported for defining the final design of the packagings in WP5. This deliverable is linked to Task T4.5.

Analysis and reporting of current multi-layer food packaging in the waste streams in Europe

The current multi-layer food packaging in waste streams of different European countries (France, Belgium and Germany) will be classified into a consolidated list of technical types, defined by their layer sequence with the applied polymer types, adhesives, inks as well as size, shape, weights and use of labels or direct printing. SUEZ will further investigate and document the behavior of MLC in current sorting lines to identify, in which sorting fractions MLC occur at all and which sorting methods/technologies are decisive for MLC’s fate in sorting lines. Sorting result, sorting quality and percentage of MLC and monofilms in different streams will be determined and their principal capability to be sorted will be assessed. The results of the analysis will be documented as a report. This deliverable is linked to Task T2.1.

Regranulates delivery with technical data sheets (TDS) to partners for further processing

The recyclates mechanically recycled into ready-to-use granulates will be characterised in terms of the residual solvents, or delamination/deinking medium, for their relevant physico-chemical and mechanical properties, as well as for their processability via (multi-layered) film blowing, injection moulding or thermoforming, depending on their processing-related propertiesTechnical Data Sheets will be drafted for each recyclate for their further processing, including: •processing-related properties: viscosity/flow (MFI, rotation rheology), melting behaviour (DSC), Oxidation Induction Time (OIT);•mechanical properties of the processed polymers (on ISO test bars): modulus, yield, strain-at-break (tensile test), impact strength (Charpy impact). The documents will be the outcome of Task T3.5.

Report on TBS sorting efficiency and sorting trials

The sorting result will be analyzed in terms of the tracer type tracer integration tracer concentration status of packaging items and the sorting efficiency will be calculated TBS sorted fraction will be provided to WP3 for recycling and purification and to WP4 for characterization of its NIAS and IAS status The results will be reported This deliverable will be the outcome of Task T24

Delivery of test model samples to Task T4.5 for migration tests, and characterisation results

Laminates with functional barriers ie SiOx AlOx optional andor polymer based EVOH and including virgin PE layer spiked with defined amounts of model contaminants produced at labscale andor pilot scale will be delivered to Task T45 at the sizes required for the tests to be performed in Task T45 The characterisation results will be evaluated to identify the most promising functional barrier types This report will be the outcome of Task T52

Data Management Plan

Classification of data items produced in Circular FoodPack handling rules for each data type and date storage and protection strategy in compliance with the General Data Protection Regulation GDPR and quality management rules This will be linked to Task T15

Publications

Operational Framework to Quantify “Quality of Recycling” across Different Material Types

Author(s): Martijn Roosen; Davide Tonini; Paola Federica Albizzati; Dario Caro; Jorge Cristóbal; Irdanto Saputra Lase; Kim Ragaert; Ann Dumoulin; Steven De Meester
Published in: ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, Issue Volume 57, Issue 36, 2023, Page(s) 13669-13680, ISSN 0013-936X
Publisher: American Chemical Society
DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.3c03023

High Quantum Yield Shortwave Infrared Luminescent Tracers for Improved Sorting of Plastic Waste

Author(s): Krishnan Rajagopalan; Eduard Madirov; Dmitry Busko; Ian A. Howard; Bryce S. Richards; Hendrik C. Swart; Andrey Turshatov
Published in: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 15 (37), 43985 – 43993, Issue Volume 15, Issue 37, 2023, Page(s) 43985–43993, ISSN 1944-8244
Publisher: American Chemical Society
DOI: 10.1021/acsami.3c07387

Absolute quantum yield of short-wave infrared luminescence of GdVO4:Yb3+, Er3+, Zn2+ nano- and microparticles

Author(s): Yupaporn Niyom, Eduard Madirov, Nisrin Mohamed Bhiri, Aditya Chauhan, Bryce S. Richards, Adrian Flood, Daniel Crespy, Andrey Turshatov
Published in: Optical Materials, Issue Volume 140, 2023, Page(s) 113833, ISSN 0925-3467
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.optmat.2023.113833

Sorting plastics waste for a circular economy: Perspectives for lanthanide luminescent markers

Author(s): Ian A. Howard, Dmitry Busko, Guojun Gao, Pascal Wendler, Eduard Madirov, Andrey Turshatov, Jochen Moesslein, Bryce S. Richards
Published in: Resources, Conservation and Recycling, Issue Volume 205, 2024, Page(s) 107557, ISSN 0921-3449
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2024.107557

Application of chemometric tools in the QSAR development of VOC removal in plastic waste recycling

Author(s): Tobias De Somer, Thien Nguyen Luu Minh, Martijn Roosen, Pieter Nachtergaele, Dave Manhaeghe, Tine Van Laere, Martin Schlummer, Kevin M. Van Geem, Steven De Meester
Published in: Chemosphere, Issue Volume 350, 2024, Page(s) 141069, ISSN 0045-6535
Publisher: Pergamon Press Ltd.
DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2023.141069

Tracing the origin of VOCs in post-consumer plastic film bales

Author(s): Martijn Roosen, Tine Van Laere, Virginie Decottignies, Ludivine Morel, Jean-Luc Schnitzler, Johannes Schneider, Martin Schlummer, Irdanto Saputra Lase, Ann Dumoulin, Steven De Meester
Published in: Chemosphere, Issue Volume 324 (2023), 2023, ISSN 0045-6535
Publisher: Pergamon Press Ltd.
DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2023.138281

Understanding the complexity of deinking plastic waste: An assessment of the efficiency of different treatments to remove ink resins from printed plastic film

Author(s): Sibel Ügdüler, Tine Van Laere, Tobias De Somer, Sergei Gusev, Kevin M. Van Geem, Andreas Kulawig, Ralf Leineweber, Marc Defoin, Hugues Van den Bergen, Dirk Bontinck, Steven De Meester
Published in: Journal of Hazardous Materials, Issue Volume 452, 15 June, 131239, 2023, ISSN 0304-3894
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2023.131239

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