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Wideband optical antennae for use in energy harvesting applications - GreEnergy

Objective

Energy is a vital need of humanity and a primary indicator a of nations’ growth. However, most energy sources we use have low efficiency, rely on non-renewable resources and cause severe damage to the environment. The cleanest resource, and the one which offers virtually unlimited energy is the sun. However, according to the Center for Climate and Energy Solutions, current solar photovoltaics (PV) produce little more than 2% of the world’s electricity. This low output is primarily resulting from two factors: current commercial solar PV cells have approximately 15-20% efficiency, and the price of a 1m2 is around €400. GreEnergy aims to develop a wideband optical antenna array with very high efficiency. The GreEnergy device will integrate the energy-harvesting component in a self-powering nano-system. A prototype of the integrated components will be developed incorporating nano-optical antennas with nano-rectifiers (rectennas) and a micro-energy storage component. Fabrication of all components will be developed with the aim of integration on a single microchip in a single fabrication process. To ensure success of the rectennas development, we will use a risk mitigation plan by dual research teams using both graphene and metal-insulator-metal based solutions to achieve rectenna prototypes (TRL4). Simulations will provide full system level circuitry, act as a benchmark of the proof of concept design (TRL3) and culminate in road mapping for future full-scale development and commercialization. Within GreEnergy, the targeted efficiency of the overall system is 20-40%, while the theoretical efficiency is over 90%, at an estimated system cost below €100 per 1m2. Such a technology would fundamentally change solar energy harvesting and have dramatic effects on consumers, society, economic growth and the environment. Further, demonstration of the system provides a proof-of-concept backbone for numerous future micro/nano-systems such as IoT and nano-sensor applications.

Call for proposal

H2020-LC-SC3-2020-RES-RIA
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Funding Scheme

RIA - Research and Innovation action

Coordinator

CHALMERS TEKNISKA HOEGSKOLA AB
Address
-
41296 Goeteborg
Sweden
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
EU contribution
€ 637 500

Participants (7)

GESELLSCHAFT FUR ANGEWANDTE MIKRO UND OPTOELEKTRONIK MIT BESCHRANKTERHAFTUNG AMO GMBH
Germany
EU contribution
€ 1 116 875
Address
Otto Blumenthal Strasse
52074 Aachen
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
SCIPROM SARL
Switzerland
EU contribution
€ 221 250
Address
Rue Du Centre 70
1025 Saint Sulpice
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
IHP GMBH - INNOVATIONS FOR HIGH PERFORMANCE MICROELECTRONICS/LEIBNIZ-INSTITUT FUER INNOVATIVE MIKROELEKTRONIK
Germany
EU contribution
€ 608 250
Address
Im Technologiepark 25
15236 Frankfurt Oder
Activity type
Other
NOGAH PHOTONICS LTD
Israel
EU contribution
€ 207 500
Address
Rechov Chevron 13
6314917 Tel Aviv
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
UNIVERSITA POLITECNICA DELLE MARCHE
Italy
EU contribution
€ 440 000
Address
Piazza Roma 22
60121 Ancona
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
AALTO KORKEAKOULUSAATIO SR
Finland
EU contribution
€ 455 131,25
Address
Otakaari 1
02150 Espoo
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI UDINE
Italy
EU contribution
€ 312 558,75
Address
Via Palladio 8
33100 Udine
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments