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NAnocasting SYnthesis of metal CArbide and Nitride Electrocatalysts

Project description

High-performance catalysts for carbon dioxide reduction

Removing carbon dioxide from power plants and heavy industries provides a significant tool in the battle against climate change. This greenhouse gas can be captured and chemically transformed into industrial fuels or chemicals. Despite advances in the field, highly active, durable and affordable catalysts that can selectively reduce carbon dioxide are scarce. Theoretical and experimental studies have identified transition metal carbides and nitrides as promising electrocatalysts for use in electrochemical carbon dioxide reduction reactions. Funded by the Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions programme, the NASYCANE project plans to use a simple and scalable 'nanocasting' method to produce transition metal carbide and nitride electrocatalysts with high activity and durability.

Objective

The reduction of atmospheric CO2 is one of the most pressing challenges of our generation. Electrochemical reduction of industrial CO2 emissions is one critical goal as it would enable the direct production of readily-stored chemical fuels. Furthermore, the simple technology (mild temperature and aqueous electrolyte) would facilitate the coupling of electrochemical CO2 reduction with intermittent, renewable electricity sources. However, while there have been considerable advances in catalysts for the CO2 reduction reaction (CO2RR), particularly with oxide-derived metals, existing materials are limited by high overpotentials and/or lack of selectivity. There is still a pressing need for catalysts that are highly-active, selective (particularly to C2 products), durable and economically-viable. Theoretical and experimental studies have identified transition metal (TM) carbides and nitrides as promising electrocatalysts for the CO2RR. However, the development of these materials has been limited by the lack of control over size and morphology in existing synthetic methods. This project will use a simple and scalable new 'nanocasting' method to produce TM carbide and nitride electrocatalysts with high activity and durability in the CO2RR.

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Coordinator

THE UNIVERSITY OF BIRMINGHAM
Net EU contribution
€ 212 933,76
Address
Edgbaston
B15 2TT Birmingham
United Kingdom

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Region
West Midlands (England) West Midlands Birmingham
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Links
Other funding
€ 0,00