European Commission logo
English English
CORDIS - EU research results
CORDIS

ulTRafast hOlograPHic FTIR microscopY

Project description

Ultrafast microscopy for tumour classification

Tumour classification usually takes place via histopathological evaluation of stained tumour biopsies combined with immunohistochemical exploration to identify specific biomolecular signatures of proteins and nucleic acids. However, the intra-tumour cell heterogeneity impedes diagnosis and therapy, leading to cell clones that acquire drug resistance and cause recurrence. The EU-funded TROPHY project aims to develop a novel label-free vibrational microscopy approach that can image molecular biomarkers with unprecedented speed and chemical selectivity. It will integrate AI to produce fast results and assist in the tumour grading process even during surgery. In turn, this will translate into evidence-based therapies tailored to the tumour characteristics and improved clinical outcomes, including increased survival rates.

Objective

Many human pathologies such as cancer are due to complex biochemical alterations that start at a sub-cellular level and lead to progressive changes that result in a heterogeneous tumor composition. The polyclonality of tumor cells hampers the diagnosis and the therapy giving rise to tumor clones that lead to therapy resistance and promote metastases. An accurate diagnosis of tumor biopsies to identify these particular cell clones is crucial to provide targeted therapy tailored to the tumor characteristics, to improve the patient outcomes and increase survival rates. For this vision to come true, we introduce ulTRafast hOlograPHic FT-IR microscopY (TROPHY) as a paradigm shift in vibrational microscopy, blending elements of photo-thermal infrared (PT-IR), Fourier transform (FT)-IR, and Digital Holography Microscopy (DHM). TROPHY brings these techniques to the unprecedented ultrafast timescale, where the refractive index change induced by coherent IR vibrations is probed at its peak value before thermal relaxation. TROPHY borrows from PT-IR the combination of IR vibrational excitation with visible probing for high spatial resolution, from FT-IR the use of time-domain interferometry to obtain a high spectral resolution from broadband excitation, from DHM highly sensitive and quantitative detection of the refractive index (phase) change. Combined with artificial intelligence algorithms, this technology will enable quantitative concentration imaging of molecular biomarkers with high spatial resolution, high chemical selectivity and high speed, with a transformative impact on medical research and clinics. In oncology, it will be applied to intraoperative diagnosis of tumor biopsies, providing tumor grading, staging and subtyping, and supporting complete tumor resection. It will also allow to determine the best therapeutic approach tailored to the patient and identify resistant tumor clones under targeted therapy, paving the way for precision medicine in cancer.

Coordinator

POLITECNICO DI MILANO
Net EU contribution
€ 740 625,00
Address
PIAZZA LEONARDO DA VINCI 32
20133 Milano
Italy

See on map

Region
Nord-Ovest Lombardia Milano
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Links
Total cost
€ 740 625,00

Participants (3)

Partners (3)