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Decadal to multi-deCadal Global Predictions of Compound Events

Project description

Predicting climate risk from compound events

Devastating floods, severe droughts and heatwaves do not just happen. They are often the result of a combination of multiple drivers, and several such hazards can occur simultaneously – which is known as compound events (CEs). Predicting how these CEs will change in the next decades is essential to create adaptation strategies. The EU-funded DeCaGloPreCEs project will develop a method to improve near-term projections of CEs at the global scale. By focusing on temperature-(low) precipitation (related to summer heatwaves) and precipitation-wind (as a proxy for storms), the project will shed light on what drives CEs in the context of global warming and climate variability, to what extent they can be predicted, and how their frequency, intensity and persistence is expected to change in the future.

Objective

Compound events (CEs) can pose significant threats to societies, economies and ecosystems around the world, especially when amplified by anthropogenic climate change (ACC). There is therefore a strong need for skillful, reliable and actionable predictions of how CEs are expected to change in the next decades, to support governments and stakeholders in implementing robust adaptation strategies. In this project, we will develop a method to improve near-term projections of CEs at the global scale, taking into account their response to both climate variability and long-term warming, and develop a sound physical mechanism understanding of their meteorological drivers. First, we will constrain climate projections with decadal climate predictions, from the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 6, with a novel method to reduce the uncertainty and increase accuracy of ACC predictions up to 30 years. Then, we will apply an innovative method grounded in dynamical systems theory for quantifying CEs and link them to physical extremes in the global regions where the prediction of events shows high skill. We will specifically focus on temperature-(low) precipitation as related to summer heatwaves and precipitation-wind as a proxy for storms. The analysis will elucidate what drives CEs in the context of global warming and climate variability, to what extent they can be predicted on decadal to multi-decadal time scales, and how their frequency, intensity and persistence is expected to change in the future. We will furthermore explore the atmospheric drivers of the CEs, to elucidate specific physical mechanisms at the origin of the events. The outcomes of the project will be significant for the scientific community, since they will improve the understanding of how CEs respond to ACC and climate variability, and relevant for governments and stakeholders aiming to reduce losses from high-impact weather events, benefiting societies and economies around the world.

Coordinator

BARCELONA SUPERCOMPUTING CENTER CENTRO NACIONAL DE SUPERCOMPUTACION
Net EU contribution
€ 165 312,96
Address
CALLE JORDI GIRONA 31
08034 Barcelona
Spain

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Region
Este Cataluña Barcelona
Activity type
Research Organisations
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Total cost
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Partners (1)