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Near-Earth Object's Forcast of Collisional Events

Project description

New web services listing potentially hazardous near-Earth objects

Near-Earth objects (NEOs) are asteroids or comets of sizes ranging from metres to tens of kilometres that orbit the Sun and pass close to the Earth’s orbit. Funded by the Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions programme, the NEOForCE project aims to assess the risk that NEOs pose for Earth, creating a different list from those released by NASA and ESA. Researchers will develop new methods to estimate the impact probability and obtain more reliable estimates of orbital parameters. Several web services will be launched that will include a list of asteroids and comets that could potentially collide with Earth, a list of possible close encounters and a list of old observations that were made on photographic plates.

Objective

The modern world is subject to many natural, man-made and social dangers. Many of them are global in nature, as they threaten the very existence of human civilization. Notable among them is the danger of Earth collision with space bodies of cometary and asteroid nature. At present, there is no doubt about the importance and urgency of this problem. In particular, this is evidenced by a report of the National Science and Technology Council, USA, where the importance to detect and characterize the Near-Earth Objects (NOE) population and to prevent and respond to NEO impacts on Earth is outlined. To protect our planet from the dangers of collision with small bodies, it is first of all necessary to understand from which specific of almost 1 million bodies the Earth needs to be protected. The project aims to make a system to search for possible threats to the Earth from space bodies which will be independent from the ones that are now being operated in NASA and ESA. My project NEOForCE has several objectives: 1) develop new methods for estimating of the impact probability of a small body with the Earth 2) develop methods for obtaining more reliable estimates of orbital parameters and their uncertainties 3) make a search for old observations of known objects. Several web-services at the Institut de Mécanique Céleste et de Calcul des Ephémérides, Paris observatory will be launched that will include: 1) list of potentially colliding with the Earth asteroids and comets with their impact probability values 2) list of possible close encounters of asteroids and comets with the Earth 3) list of old observations made on photographic plates many years ago (even centuries) with the identifications to the objects imaged on them.

Coordinator

OBSERVATOIRE DE PARIS
Net EU contribution
€ 211 754,88
Address
AVENUE DE L OBSERVATOIRE 61
75014 Paris
France

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Region
Ile-de-France Ile-de-France Paris
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Links
Total cost
No data

Partners (1)