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Autonomous Multi-Format In-Situ Observation Platform for Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide and Methane Monitoring in Permafrost & Wetlands

Project description

Autonomously monitoring greenhouse gases in remote permafrost and wetland areas

To effectively assess and manage climate change, it is important that countries and industries accurately monitor greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Current observatories tend to collect and assess large-scale data on GHG concentrations, while short-term and small-scale data are overlooked. Existing means of collecting GHG data in remote areas are also costly and insufficient. The EU-funded MISO project seeks to establish a stationary observatory that will be able to accurately detect and gauge CO2 and methane concentrations in remote permafrost and wetland areas with improved nondispersive infrared GHG sensors. The weather-resilient observatory will operate independently with the help of drones and transmit data using cloud-based technology.


Climate warming is driven by increased concentrations of greenhouse gasses (GHGs) e.g. CO2 and CH4, in the atmosphere. Existing observatories are able to capture GHG information for large-scale global assessments, but short-term natural variability and climate-driven changes in atmospheric CO2 and CH4 remain less known. There is also currently a lack of sufficiently precise, autonomous, and cost-efficient GHG sensors for GHG monitoring at sufficient spatial scale, and in hard-to-reach areas.
MISO will develop and demonstrate an autonomous in-situ observation platform for use in hard to reach areas (Arctic, wetlands), for detecting and quantifying carbon dioxide and methane gasses, using a combination of stationary and mobile (drone) solutions and requiring minimum on-site intervention when deployed. To achieve this objective, MISO will improve detection limit and accuracy of a NDIR GHG sensor, which will then be used in three observing platforms (a static tower, a static chamber and a UAV-mounted sensor) operated with the help of a central base unit. All elements will be designed for operation in harsh environments and with minimum human intervention. The static observatories will be powered by a unique geothermal device. Communication between the three observatories and a data cloud will use a combination of P2P, G4/G5/LTE, LORAWAN and wifi technologies. The specifications of the platform will be co-developed with stakeholders from academia, monitoring and measurement systems, industry and policy. A clear DCE strategy and focus on short-term impact management and medium and long-term commercialization will target several user groups including industries and representatives of main monitoring systems and infrastructures (e.g. ICOS). This will support innovative governance models and science-based policy design, implementation and monitoring. Sustainability performance and competitiveness in the domains covered by HE Cluster 6 will be enhanced.


Net EU contribution
€ 873 750,00
2027 Kjeller

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Norge Oslo og Viken Viken
Activity type
Research Organisations
Total cost
€ 873 750,00

Participants (6)

Partners (1)