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Clean and efficient waste incineration, waste-to-energy and biomass combustion (CLEANWEB)

Objective

Specific Objectives
- Service to DG customers, including project results from direct actions making use of the JRC's scientific and technical expertise, as well as provision of information gathering and analysis services from members of the PREWIN network. This activity will include an assessment of the problems and successes of implementation of the new Waste Incineration Directive;
- Management of the PREWIN network as the Network Operating Agent, on a day-to-day basis and including organisation of technical meetings and expansion of membership into the Candidate Countries. This task also involves the provision of information services to the network members and progress chasing of the technical tasks;
- Technical support to PREWIN, including laboratory testing. This task also includes underpinning studies complementing the technical work of the network, responding to technical queries and requests from network members, providing training for CC grant holders and visitors as well as the provision of technical information services (literature database);
- Commissioning of new plant simulation equipment in the Plant Simulation Test Laboratory for durability testing and life-time assessment of monitors, sensors and flue gas cleaning components allowing long-term durability testing for their validation in support of the PREWIN network and the implementation of the WI directive in the Member States;
- Completing the feasibility study in the area of fuel cells, preparation of the work plan for FP6 and development of the necessary capabilities.
Planned Deliverables

Specific deliverables to DGs:
- Operation of the PREWIN network in the context of implementation of the WI Directive (2000/76/EC)

- Further extension of PREWIN to Candidate Countries;
- Reports of the technical activities of the PREWIN network, energy efficiency and emissions;
- Representation of the Commission (DG TREN) in the International Energy Agency (IEA) Bio energy TASK 36: "Energy from Integrated Solid Waste Management Systems";
- Representation of the Commission (DGTREN) in the International Solid Waste Association (ISWA) Thermal Treatment Work Group;
- Expert advice from the PREWIN perspective to the IPPC BREF on Waste Incineration
- Setting-up the European Network on fuel cell testing.

As a result of the research:;
- Commissioning of the Reference Laboratory (Plant Simulation Test Laboratory, PSTL) for Durability Testing, Validation and Life-time Assessment of Monitors, Sensors and Flue Gas Cleaning Components;
- Validation of laboratory test methodologies by use of plant data and exposures;
- Extension and maintenance of the Database for literature references;
- Continued development of procedures for plant operation and maintenance for the purpose of maximising thermal efficiency, reliability and economic viability.

Summary of 2001 Deliverables: 31/12/2001
- The PREWIN network grew from 42 participating companies and institutes at the end of 2000 to more than 60 during 2001;
- Expansion of PREWIN to the Candidate Countries received substantial effort in 2001, beginning with the establishment of contacts and followed by the participation of the first members (from the Czech Republic) in a PREWIN General Assembly meeting in May and the holding of a network information workshop for CCs in Prague in September. Two grant holders from CCs are scheduled to start in the IE before the end of 2001;
- Improved plant reliability through better maintenance procedures. The first technical PREWIN document on "Rules for Cladding of Waste Incinerator Water Walls" was published in August 2001;
- Compilation of the technical literature database has continued. From less than 1000 references at the end of 2000, the number has now reached nearly 3000. The database is for use by PREWIN network members and by IE for specific reports (e.g. report on NOx and dioxins from Waste Incineration to be published before the end of 2001);
- During 2001, four SCA (GROWTH) projects with partners from the PREWIN network were approved. The subjects of the projects include plant reliability, selection of materials for heat exchange applications, test method standardisation and high temperature filters. All projects contribute to technical activities in PREWIN, mainly in the areas of plant efficiency and reduced emissions. The projects will start around the end of 2001.

- Contributions to the Expert Panel "Sustainability, Environment and Natural Resources" within the IPTS Enlargement Futures project;
- Survey of the requirements for policy support in the area of fuel cells and identification of needs for European Networks.

Output Indicators and Impact

Objectives

Output indicators

(Specific actions taken)

Impact (long term results)

To support the implementation of the waste incineration Directive (2000/76/EC) and the development of thermal treatment processes;
- Operation of the PREWIN network
- Expansion of the PREWIN network membership into the Candidate Countries;
- Completion of the renovation of the Plant Simulation Test Laboratory;
- Representation of the Commission in an IEA Bioenergy task group;

Higher efficiency of waste incinerators through more power generated per unit of waste treated (higher thermal efficiency) and through greater plant reliability while keeping emissions within the limits set by the Directive;

To support the development of fuel cells;
- Set-up of the European Network on Testing of fuel cells and its reference laboratory services;

Enable DG RTD, in line with proposed EU energy policies, to properly assess the developments in fuel cell technology and their impact on research investments.
Summary of the project

The project provides expert support to DG's in policy development and implementation as well as technical support for the thermal treatment of biomass, waste and waste-to-energy systems. The support is predominantly provided through operation of the PREWIN European network and under-pinning scientific/technical research in the areas of plant characterization, plant reliability improvements, emissions abatement technologies, performance and durability testing and test methodology development.

The project, originally called SAFTS at the beginning of FP5, was modified and extended following building the PREWIN European network that forced a broadening of the scope to encompass all aspects of the thermal treatment of waste processes and indeed biomass. With this broadened scope, a better and more complete service to both partner DGs and network members could be planned. The project is able to provide feedback information to DGs on the implementation of the new waste incineration Directive (2000/76/EC) and represents the EC in the "Energy from Integrated Solid Waste Management Systems" Bio energy Task 36 of the International Energy Agency (IEA). An increase in manpower in 2001 facilitated a significant effort in the Enlargement process. As a consequence, the PREWIN network now has a growing number of members from the Candidate Countries. At the same time, increased manpower has enabled the provision of expanded technical services to the network by providing co-chairmen to the technical Task Groups, facilitating in particular work in the areas of emissions abatement and component durability assessment relevant to waste and biomass plant monitoring and flue gas cleaning systems.

See also the related EU enlargement process pre-accession (pa) project.

Rationale

Increasing concerns for the protection of the environment are leading to greater attention being focused on abatement of emissions. New, more stringent approaches to waste management have resulted in a greater emphasis on recycling and reduced landfill, and above all in tighter controls on emissions from waste incinerators.
Incineration makes a very significant contribution to the treatment of the inevitably large quantities of waste. Nowadays the heat produced in the combustion process is used increasingly for electricity generation and district heating, which in turn reduces the needs for burning fossil fuels.
There are, however, substantial technical problems associated with combustion of waste, and indeed biomass, both in terms of efficient and reliable plant operation and the reduction of emissions.

The PREWIN network was originally set up to work towards the development of best practices for emissions abatement and maximised efficiency in the waste incineration industry. In 2000, consideration was first given to the incorporation of biomass into CLEANWEB and at some stage in the future into PREWIN depending on the wishes of the network membership. The project aims to provide support to DGs through the collection of feedback on the implementation of the Incineration of Waste Directive and policy development in the area of sustainable energy production.

Funding Scheme

JRC - Joint Research Centre research

Coordinator

Institute for Energy
Address
Institute For Energy
Petten
Netherlands