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Theoretical Developments and Empirical Measurement of the External Costs of Pesticides

Objective

Pesticides are defined as chemical substances protecting plants from pathogens, insects, nematodes and weeds. They are used to secure yields, improve quality of food and facilitate harvesting. However, their heavy use in agriculture resulted in pest resistance, ground, surface and water contamination as well as possible health problems on farmers/operators and consumers. Within this context, the objective of the proposed research stems from the need to provide a solid methodological framework and empirical evaluation which will assist policymakers in identifying the true impact of pesticides on agricultural production. The obtained results may well serve as a benchmark for the foundation of future EU policy schemes aiming at achieving a sustainable use of pesticides in European agriculture. In this respect, the proposed project intends to provide an accurate assessment of the external costs of agricultural pesticide use and contribute to the relevant EU policies by developing tools for designing a socially optimal tax and levy scheme aimed at the reduction of pesticide use to its socially optimal level. Specific consideration will be given to the effects of the accrued scheme and alternative policy tools on the socially optimal pesticide use, as well as on economic sustainability and social welfare. Moreover, the proposed research will identify means that can help in the promotion of more integrated pesticide management practices. The project fulfils its aims by combining traditional and well-established theoretical methodologies with the most recent advancements in economic theory, biological and technical scientific work, ultimately developing a consistent and integrated analytical framework. The validity of the employed theoretical models and policy tools will be extensively verified by applying them in selected EU countries, thereby accounting for the diversity in pesticide use among producers in different geographical locations.

Field of science

  • /social sciences/economics and business/economics/sustainable economy
  • /agricultural sciences/agriculture, forestry, and fisheries
  • /agricultural sciences/agriculture, forestry, and fisheries/agriculture

Call for proposal

FP7-KBBE-2007-1
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

CP-FP - Small or medium-scale focused research project

Coordinator

ARISTOTELIO PANEPISTIMIO THESSALONIKIS
Address
Kedea Building, Tritis Septemvriou, Aristotle Univ Campus
54636 Thessaloniki
Greece
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
EU contribution
€ 374 360
Administrative Contact
Konstadinos Mattas (Prof.)

Participants (9)

PANEPISTIMIO KRITIS
Greece
EU contribution
€ 260 600
Address
University Campus Gallos
74100 Rethimno
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Varvara Kopanaki (Ms.)
WAGENINGEN UNIVERSITY
Netherlands
EU contribution
€ 256 420
Address
Droevendaalsesteeg 4
6708 PB Wageningen
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Erik Prins (Mr.)
SVERIGES LANTBRUKSUNIVERSITET
Sweden
EU contribution
€ 253 400
Address
Almas Alle 8
750 07 Uppsala
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Ingrid Ragnarsdotter Jajke (Ms.)
INSTITUT NATIONAL DE RECHERCHE POUR L'AGRICULTURE, L'ALIMENTATION ET L'ENVIRONNEMENT
France
EU contribution
€ 252 200
Address
Rue De L'universite 147
75338 Paris Cedex 07
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Anne Marie Deschamps
ABERYSTWYTH UNIVERSITY
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 255 760
Address
Visualisation Centre Penglais
SY23 3BF Aberystwyth
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Emyr Reynolds (Mr.)
UNIVERSITY OF CYPRUS
Cyprus
EU contribution
€ 242 080
Address
Kallipoleos Street 75
1678 Nicosia
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Gregory Makrides (Mr.)
INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE RECURSOS BIOLOGICOS I.P. INRB
Portugal
EU contribution
€ 139 080
Address
Rua Barata Salgueiro 37/4
1250042 Lisboa
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Ramiro Gomes (Mr.)
UNIVERSITY OF NATIONAL AND WORLD ECONOMY
Bulgaria
EU contribution
€ 134 200
Address
Studentski Christo Botev
1700 Sofia
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Plamen Mishev (Prof.)
STICHTING WAGENINGEN RESEARCH
Netherlands
EU contribution
€ 98 280
Address
Droevendaalsesteeg 4
6708 PB Wageningen
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Johan Bremmer (Dr.)