COCOS will assess the status of harmonization of key carbon cycle variables with international partners. It will improve the interoperability of data sets that are used in global scale carbon cycle studies through joint activities between ecosystem, atmospheric and ocean bottom-up and top down observation communities. COCOS will also perform integrated regional-scale multiple constraint assessments of the land and ocean carbon balance through the use of harmonized data sets. It will identify, narrow down uncertainties and decrease differences in emerging global data sets that are aimed at providing constraints on the vulnerability of the global carbon cycle. COCOS will thus contribute to the implementation and improvement of global observing systems. It will organize a large international conference to demonstrate the status and way ahead of global carbon observations in light of monitoring requirements for GEO and the implementation of future climate change mitigation commitments. As such, it will contribute to an effective monitoring of the carbon cycle at global level as recommended by GEO and GCOS in supporting the European participation to an international CO2 research monitoring project. The research and harmonization work developed in this proposal will contribute significantly to building an integrated global approach that promotes close collaboration with the international carbon cycle research community.
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