The present proposal aims at an understanding of the relationship between human mobility, scientific excellence and competitiveness in the context of the European Union and the US scientific research markets. It builds upon expertise developed in three previous cross-national projects concerned with the impact of intra-Community mobility on families and careers.
The proposal examines the issue of scientific mobility from Europe to the US in the political, legal and cultural context, considering formal barriers to mobility such as for example work permit, security check for scientists and their families. The project seeks to develop an understanding of the processes shaping scientific mobility both in terms of the pull factors - the attractiveness of the US and also the push factors - encouraging out-mobility and also restricting return. It aims at an understanding of the migration and career decisions of women and men in science.
The project demands careful attention to a wide range of variables including national and regional labour markets, higher education systems, cultural, social and personal/life-course factors set within the wider parameters of EU/international policy. It is based upon a combination of the following research methods: documentary and legal analysis, statistical analysis of available secondary data and detailed qualitative empirical work in the US, UK and Italy.
The inclusion of policy evaluation and in-depth qualitative work alongside other methods constitutes an important means of achieving the level of contextualisation necessary in comparative analysis. The project will follow a comparative approach to the research questions and this constitutes an innovative contribution to research. The work will be divided into a series of over-lapping phases.
Call for proposal
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