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Innovative propellants in hybrid propulsion technology and its applications in space transportation

Objective

Nowadays, chemical propulsion is based on solid (launch applications like first stage booster) or liquid technologies (upper stage engines). Complementary, hybrid propulsion technology, as defined in ORPHEE (Operational Research Project on Hybrid Engine in Europe), appears as a new generation of advanced space transportation system. Engines based on this innovative propulsion concept provide advantages like thrust performance, throttling (thrust modulation), versatility (easy adaptation to various configurations), simplicity, safety. which significantly reduce the global engine cost. It will help to consolidate the long term sustainability and ensure a technology needed by the European propulsion space community to remain independent. Hybrid propulsion principle is based on the injection of a liquid oxidizer into the engine combustion chamber where it reacts with a solid fuel to generate hot gases providing the thrust. Enlarge the burning surface is the current proposed solution to reach the needed performance level. It dramatically increases the solid grain volume and the engine weight, limiting the applications. The regression rate is a key parameter controlling the solid fuel grain design. Its increase is a very attractive solution to reduce the grain volume. The main objectives of ORPHEE are to increase versatility of space propulsion system, ensure significant increase performance of hybrid engine, improve solid fuel technological maturity from TRL 1 to 3 and gather European skills on hybrid propulsion and ensure European access to space In near future, the availability of new hybrid engines will allow the access to new space transportation missions and to obtain significant costs reduction. It will consolidate the knowledge on this innovative technology, allowing the European space community to become non dependant. It may be considered as a competitive propulsion solution to be implemented in future space agencies roadmaps.

Field of science

  • /agricultural sciences/agriculture, forestry, and fisheries/agriculture/grains and oilseeds
  • /engineering and technology/environmental engineering/energy and fuels
  • /natural sciences/physical sciences/astronomy/space exploration

Call for proposal

FP7-SPACE-2007-1
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

CP - Collaborative project (generic)

Coordinator

HERAKLES SA
Address
Rue De Touban - Les Cinq Chemins
33185 Le Haillan
France
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
EU contribution
€ 407 838
Administrative Contact
Philippe Gautier (Mr.)

Participants (9)

AIRBUS DEFENCE AND SPACE SAS
France
EU contribution
€ 159 630
Address
31 Rue Des Cosmonautes Zi Du Palays
31402 Toulouse Cedex
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Anne Chesnoy (Ms.)
AIRBUS DS GMBH
Germany
EU contribution
€ 225 000
Address
Robert Koch Strasse 1
82024 Taufkirchen
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Eugen Reichl (Mr.)
AVIO SPA
Italy
EU contribution
€ 175 536
Address
Via Antonio Salandra N18
00187 Roma
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Emilio Coppola (Mr.)
OFFICE NATIONAL D'ETUDES ET DE RECHERCHES AEROSPATIALES
France
EU contribution
€ 225 000
Address
Chemin De La Huniere
91120 Palaiseau
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Jean-Louis Forget (Mr.)
DEUTSCHES ZENTRUM FUR LUFT - UND RAUMFAHRT EV
Germany
EU contribution
€ 202 500
Address
Linder Hohe
51147 Koln
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Cornelia Bugge (Ms.)
POLITECNICO DI MILANO
Italy
EU contribution
€ 194 250
Address
Piazza Leonardo Da Vinci 32
20133 Milano
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Fulvio Mongilardi (Mr.)
UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI NAPOLI FEDERICO II
Italy
EU contribution
€ 194 250
Address
Corso Umberto I, 40
80138 Napoli
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Giorgio Mustilli (Prof.)
UNIVERSITATEA POLITEHNICA DIN BUCURESTI
Romania
EU contribution
€ 129 750
Address
Splaiul Independentei 313 Sect 6
060042 Bucharest
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Teodor-Viorel Chelaru (Dr.)
Thyia Tehnologije d.o.o
Slovenia
EU contribution
€ 70 400
Address
Dimiceva 9
1000 Ljubljana
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Spase Drakul (Dr.)