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Inorganic nanotubes and fullerene-like materials: new synthetic strategies lead to new materials

Objective

Inorganic nanotubes (INT) and particularly inorganic fullerene-like materials (IF) from 2-D layered compounds, which were discovered in the PI laboratory 16 years ago, are now in commercial use as solid lubricants (www.apnano.com) with prospects for numerous applications, also as part of nanocomposites, optical coatings, etc. The present research proposal capitalizes on the leadership role of the PI and recent developments in his laboratory, much of them not yet published. New synthetic approaches will be developed, in particular using the WS2 nanotubes as a template for the growth of new nanotubes. This include, for example PbI2@WS2 or WS2@NbSe2 core-shell nanotubes, which could not be hitherto synthesized. Other physical synthetic approaches like ablation with solar-light, or pulsed laser ablation will be used as well. Nanooctahedra of MoS2 (NbS2), which are probably the smallest IF (hollow cage) structures, will be synthesized, isolated and studied. Extensive ab-initio calculations will be used to predict the structure and properties of the new INT and IF nanoparticles. Cs-corrected transmission electron microscopy will be used to characterize the nanoparticles. In particular, atomic resolution bright field electron tomography will be developed during this study and applied to the characterization of the INT and IF nanoparticles. The optical, electrical and mechanical properties of the newly sythesized INT and IF materials will be investigated in great detail. Devices based on individual nanotubes will be (nano)fabricated and studied for variety of applications, including mechanical and gas sensors, radiation detectors, etc. Low temperature measurements of the transport properties of individual INT and IF will be performed.

Field of science

  • /engineering and technology/materials engineering/coating and films
  • /engineering and technology/mechanical engineering/tribology/lubrication
  • /engineering and technology/environmental engineering/energy and fuels/fossil energy/gas
  • /engineering and technology/materials engineering/nanocomposites
  • /social sciences/social and economic geography/transport
  • /natural sciences/physical sciences/optics/laser physics

Call for proposal

ERC-2008-AdG
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

ERC-AG - ERC Advanced Grant

Host institution

WEIZMANN INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE
Address
Herzl Street 234
7610001 Rehovot
Israel
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
EU contribution
€ 838 238
Principal investigator
Reshef Tenne (Prof.)
Administrative Contact
Gabi Bernstein (Ms.)

Beneficiaries (3)

WEIZMANN INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE
Israel
EU contribution
€ 838 238
Address
Herzl Street 234
7610001 Rehovot
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Principal investigator
Reshef Tenne (Prof.)
Administrative Contact
Gabi Bernstein (Ms.)
FORSCHUNGSZENTRUM JULICH GMBH
Germany
EU contribution
€ 402 000
Address
Wilhelm Johnen Strasse
52428 Julich
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Lothar Houben (Dr.)
TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITAET DRESDEN
Germany
EU contribution
€ 378 000
Address
Helmholtzstrasse 10
01069 Dresden
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Claudia Hawke (Ms.)