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Planetary Entry Integrated Models

Objective

One of the major technological challenges associated with the access to planetary surfaces is the entry of the space vehicle in the planetary atmospheres at superorbital speeds. The problem is the very large heat released to the vehicle surface by the surrounding gas either as convective heating or as radiation. Optimization of the thermal shield design can have a profound impact on the overall mission mass, volume (and therefore energy and cost) budgets. However, a poor knowledge of the physics of hypersonic entry is the limiting factor. Uncertainties increase with the entry speed, in particular as radiation becomes a considerable contribution to the overall heat load. Significant advance can only be achieved when the uncertainties in the physical modelling have been considerably reduced. The main goal of this study is, therefore, a thorough analysis of the physics behind space vehicle entry into planetary atmospheres and an improvement of crucial elements of the modelling that allows reliable predictions of flight conditions. This study is therefore concerned with the development of advanced chemico-physical and plasma models of hypersonic entry flows. Advanced models mean the description of the nonequilibrium chemical kinetics of the high temperature medium on the basis of a state-to-state approach. This approach, in turn, calls for a microscopic description of the elementary processes that play a role in the high temperature reactive gas mixtures surrounding the space vehicles during the entry phase. The predictive capabilities of the theoretical models will be assessed against well defined experimental measurements and their impact on the overall heat flux to the surface will be estimated by Computational Fluid Dynamics simulations of realistic ground and flight tests.

Field of science

  • /engineering and technology/environmental engineering/energy and fuels/fossil energy/gas
  • /natural sciences/physical sciences/astronomy/planetary science/planetary geology
  • /natural sciences/physical sciences/classical mechanics/fluid mechanics/fluid dynamics

Call for proposal

FP7-SPACE-2009-1
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

CP - Collaborative project (generic)

Coordinator

UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI BARI ALDO MORO
Address
Piazza Umberto I 1
70121 Bari
Italy
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
EU contribution
€ 248 300
Administrative Contact
Mario Capitelli (Prof.)

Participants (12)

University College London
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 174 000
Address
Gower Street
WC1E 6BT London
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Greta Borg-Carbott (Ms.)
C.I.R.A. CENTRO ITALIANO RICERCHE AEROSPAZIALI SCPA
Italy
EU contribution
€ 199 977
Address
Via Maiorise
81043 Capua
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Federico Tammaro (Mr.)
Ingénierie et Systèmes Avancés
France
EU contribution
€ 101 176
Address
Place Jean Mette 1
33600 Pessac
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Philippe Reynier (Dr.)
UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI PERUGIA
Italy
EU contribution
€ 165 000
Address
Piazza Dell Universita 1
06123 Perugia
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Antonio Laganà (Prof.)
CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS
France
EU contribution
€ 180 000
Address
Rue Michel Ange 3
75794 Paris
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Gilles Traimond (Mr.)
UNIVERSITAT DE BARCELONA
Spain
EU contribution
€ 150 000
Address
Gran Via De Les Corts Catalanes 585
08007 Barcelona
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Ramon Sayós (Prof.)
A. ISHLINSKY INSTITUTE FOR PROBLEMS IN MECHANICS RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCE*IPMECH RAS
Russia
EU contribution
€ 99 000
Address
Prospekt Vernadskogo 101 - Block 1
119527 Moscow
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Sergey T Surzhikov (Prof.)
INSTITUT VON KARMAN DE DYNAMIQUE DES FLUIDES
Belgium
EU contribution
€ 194 580
Address
Chaussee De Waterloo 72
1640 Rhode Saint Genese
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Olivier Chazot (Prof.)
CONSIGLIO NAZIONALE DELLE RICERCHE
Italy
EU contribution
€ 300 000
Address
Piazzale Aldo Moro 7
00185 Roma
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Domenico Bruno (Dr.)
POLITECNICO DI TORINO
Italy
EU contribution
€ 50 000
Address
Corso Duca Degli Abruzzi 24
10129 Torino
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Elisabetta Franze' (Dr.)
SOFTWARE ENGINEERING RESEARCH & PRACTICES SRL - SER & PRACTICES SRL
Italy
EU contribution
€ 49 500
Address
Via Orabona 4
70126 Bari
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Tatiana Campanella (Dr.)
POLITECHNIKA POZNANSKA
Poland
EU contribution
€ 50 000
Address
Pl Marii Sklodowskiej Curie 5
60 965 Poznan
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Aniela Kaminska-Benmechernene (Prof.)