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Drought-tolerant yielding plants

Objective

DROPS will develop novel methods and strategies aimed at yield maintenance under fluctuating water deficit and at enhanced plant water-use efficiency. We deal with high genotype x environment interaction in the field (any trait can have positive, negative or no effect depending on drought scenarios) with an approach combining Physiology, Genetics, field testing and Ecophysiological modelling. The project targets four traits : seed abortion, vegetative growth maintenance, root system architecture and transpiration efficiency. It deals with maize and durum wheat, plus bread wheat and sorghum for specific tasks. DROPS will: - Develop new screens for identifying drought tolerant genotypes, from phenotyping platforms to the field with indicators which are (i) stable characteristics of genotypes with high heritability in phenotyping platforms (ii) based on novel knowledge (e.g. combinations of metabolite concentrations, sensitivity parameters of models or hormonal balances) (iii) genetically related to target traits and able to predict genotype performance in the field via simulation and/or statistical models. - Explore the natural variation of the four target traits by (i) linking the target traits to physiological pathways, genes or genomic regions (ii) assessing the effects of a large allelic diversity for the four target traits via association genetics. - Support crop improvement strategies by developing methods for estimating the comparative advantages of relevant alleles and traits in fields with contrasting drought scenarios. This will be performed via field experiments and by developing a new generation of crop model able to estimate the effects of alleles on crop growth, yield and water-use efficiency Results and methods will be diffused (i) to breeders via the participation of seed companies and a partnership with a breeder association, (ii) to scientists and students via academic publications, and via practical courses and virtual courses in its website.

Call for proposal

FP7-KBBE-2009-3
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Coordinator

INSTITUT NATIONAL DE RECHERCHE POUR L'AGRICULTURE, L'ALIMENTATION ET L'ENVIRONNEMENT
Address
147 Rue De L'universite
75007 Paris Cedex 07
France
Activity type
Research Organisations
EU contribution
€ 1 714 495,67
Administrative Contact
François Tardieu (Dr.)

Participants (16)

AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF THE HUNGARIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

Participation ended

Hungary
Address
Brunszvik 2
2462 Martonvasar
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Anikó Gémes Juhász (Dr.)
Australian Centre for Plant Functional Genomics Pty Ltd
Australia
Address
Hartley Grove
5064 Urrbrae
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Peter Langridge (Prof.)
BIOGEMMA
France
EU contribution
€ 188 719,60
Address
Rue E. Colonne 1
75001 Paris
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Catherine Guichard (Dr.)
INRAE TRANSFERT SAS
France
EU contribution
€ 443 925,50
Address
Rue Du Docteur Finlay 28
75015 Paris
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Bao Diep (Dr.)
KWS SAAT SE & CO KGAA
Germany
EU contribution
€ 123 791,80
Address
Grimsehlstrasse 31
37574 Einbeck
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Milena Ouzunova (Dr.)
UNIVERSITY OF LANCASTER
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 474 800
Address
Bailrigg
LA1 4YW Lancaster
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Sarah Taylor (Dr.)
AGRARTUDOMANYI KUTATOKOZPONT
Hungary
EU contribution
€ 305 404,73
Address
Brunszvik Street 2
2462 Martonvasar
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Bernadett Bódi
MAX-PLANCK-GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FORDERUNG DER WISSENSCHAFTEN EV
Germany
EU contribution
€ 625 696,20
Address
Hofgartenstrasse 8
80539 Munchen
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Beatrice Riedel (Ms.)
Pioneer Hi-Bred International, Inc.
United States
Address
Nw 62Nd Avenue 7100
50131 Johnston
Activity type
Public bodies (excluding Research Organisations and Secondary or Higher Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Carol Purse (Ms.)
SABANCI UNIVERSITESI
Turkey
EU contribution
€ 346 424
Address
Orta Mahalle Universite Caddesi N 27 Tuzla
34956 Istanbul
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Nilay Papila (Dr.)
SYNGENTA FRANCE SAS
France
EU contribution
€ 168 000
Address
12 Chemin De L'hobit
31790 Saint Sauveur
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Fermin Azanza (Mr.)
ALMA MATER STUDIORUM - UNIVERSITA DI BOLOGNA
Italy
EU contribution
€ 676 910
Address
Via Zamboni 33
40126 Bologna
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Maria Corinna Sanguineti (Prof.)
UNIVERSITE CATHOLIQUE DE LOUVAIN
Belgium
EU contribution
€ 635 334,80
Address
Place De L Universite 1
1348 Louvain La Neuve
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Xavier Draye (Prof.)
THE UNIVERSITY OF QUEENSLAND
Australia
Address
St Lucia
4072 Brisbane
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Graeme Hammer (Prof.)
WAGENINGEN UNIVERSITY
Netherlands
EU contribution
€ 250 462,50
Address
Droevendaalsesteeg 4
6708 PB Wageningen
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Bert Jansen
RHEINISCH-WESTFAELISCHE TECHNISCHE HOCHSCHULE AACHEN
Germany
EU contribution
€ 45 901,20
Address
Templergraben 55
52062 Aachen
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Ernst Schmachtenberg (Prof.)