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Novel characterization of crop wild relative and landrace resources as a basis for improved crop breeding

Objective

The goal of agrobiodiversity conservation, unlike other forms of conservation, is not only the conservation of species and intra-specific genetic diversity related to agriculture, but also to promote its sustainable use in facilitating agricultural production. Although significant progress has been made in the conservation and management of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture (PGRFA) globally and in Europe, there remain two critical areas where progress has been limited: (a) the use of conserved agrobiodiversity by breeders and (b) the systematic conservation of crop wild relative (CWR) and landrace (LR) diversity. Specifically for breeders and CWR / LR diversity conservationists, the status quo is no longer an option as human-induced climate change is threatening the maintenance of the very diversity breeders require to mitigate the adverse impact of climate change. Conventionally, breeders have used their own lines and stocks to generate novel crop varieties, but these materials are relatively genetically uniform and it is now increased recognition that CWR and LR offer the breadth of genetic diversity required by breeders to meet the novel challenges of climate change and rapidly changing consumer demands. Therefore, the aim of PGR Secure is to research novel characterization techniques and conservation strategies for European crop wild relative and landrace diversity, and further, to enhance crop improvement by breeders, as a means of underpinning European food security in the face of climate change. To achieve these goals PGR Secure has four research themes: 1. Investigation of novel characterization techniques, including: (1a) Genomics, phenotyping and metabolomics, (1b) Transcriptomics, (1c) Focused Identification of Germplasm Strategy; 2. CWR and LR conservation, including: (2a) Europe-wide CWR inventory, (2b) Exemplar national CWR inventories, (2c) European CWR strategy, (2d) Europe-wide LR inventory, (2e) Exemplar national LR inventories, (2f) European LR strategy; 3. Facilitating breeders’ CWR and LR use, including: (3a) Identifying breeders’ needs, (3b) Meeting breeders’ needs, (3c) Integration of conservation and user communities, (3d) Pre-breeding - channelling potential interesting germplasm into commercial breeding programmes; and 4. Informatics development, including: (4a) CWR and LR inventory information web availability, (4b) Novel characterization information web availability, (4c) Inter-information system operability. The research requires the integration and collaboration of European policy, conservation and breeding sectors and the products will be disseminated Europe-wide to all appropriate stakeholders. The project, initiated by the European Cooperative Programme for Plant Genetic Resources In Situ and On-Farm Conservation Network will involve 42 European countries, as well as both large and smaller European plant breeding companies.

Field of science

  • /agricultural sciences/agriculture, forestry, and fisheries/agriculture/agronomy/plant breeding
  • /engineering and technology/other engineering and technologies/food and beverages/food safety
  • /natural sciences/earth and related environmental sciences/atmospheric sciences/climatology/climatic changes

Call for proposal

FP7-KBBE-2010-4
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

CP-FP - Small or medium-scale focused research project
Leaflet | Map data © OpenStreetMap contributors, Credit: EC-GISCO, © EuroGeographics for the administrative boundaries

Coordinator

THE UNIVERSITY OF BIRMINGHAM
Address
Edgbaston
B15 2TT Birmingham
United Kingdom
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
EU contribution
€ 617 915
Administrative Contact
Robert Fekete (Mr.)

Participants (10)

STICHTING WAGENINGEN RESEARCH
Netherlands
EU contribution
€ 828 620
Address
Droevendaalsesteeg 4
6708 PB Wageningen
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Chris Kik (Dr.)
INTERNATIONAL PLANT GENETIC RESOURCES INSTITUTE*IPGRI
Italy
EU contribution
€ 432 704
Address
Via Dei Tre Denari 472 A
00057 Maccarese Roma
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Michael Mackay (Dr.)
UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI PERUGIA
Italy
EU contribution
€ 222 913
Address
Piazza Dell Universita 1
06123 Perugia
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Mario Falcinelli (Prof.)
JULIUS KUHN INSTITUT BUNDESFORSCHUNGSINSTITUT FUR KULTURPFLANZEN
Germany
EU contribution
€ 294 576
Address
Erwin Baur Strasse
06484 Quedlinburg
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Knut Steffens (Mr.)
NORDISKT GENRESURSCENTER
Sweden
EU contribution
€ 154 988
Address
Smedjevaegen 3
23053 Alnarp
Activity type
Public bodies (excluding Research Organisations and Secondary or Higher Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Carina Frankel (Ms.)
MAA JA ELINTARVIKETALOUDEN TUTKIMUSKESKUS
Finland
EU contribution
€ 99 730
Address
Building O - Humppilantie 14
FI-31600 Jokioinen
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Merja Veteläinen (Dr.)
UNIVERSIDAD REY JUAN CARLOS
Spain
EU contribution
€ 115 872
Address
Calle Tulipan
28933 Mostoles
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Jose Iriondo (Prof.)
GENOMIC INVESTMENTS BV
Netherlands
EU contribution
€ 128 400
Address
Plesmanlaan 1D
2333 BZ Leiden
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Bart Janssen (Prof.)
THE UNIVERSITY OF NOTTINGHAM
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 103 671
Address
University Park
NG7 2RD Nottingham
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Paul Cartledge (Mr.)
EUROPEAN ASSOCIATION FOR RESEARCH ON PLANT BREEDING - EUCARPIA

Participation ended

Switzerland
Address
Droevendaalseweg 1 107
6708 PB Wageningen
Activity type
Other
Administrative Contact
X Monsieur (Prof.)