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Tackling socioeconomic inequalities in smoking: learning from natural experiments by time trend analyses and cross-national comparisons

Objective

For any strategy aimed to reduce socioeconomic inequities in health in Europe it is vital to tackle the large and widening inequalities in smoking. However, there is only limited evidence on effectiveness of tobacco control policies in terms of reducing inequalities. Especially lacking are evaluations of the effects of policies that have actually been implemented in different European countries. In addition, no studies have assessed the role of “strategic drivers” such as social welfare or educational policies.

The aim of the proposed project is to analyse various “natural policy experiments” within Europe with the aim to generate new empirical evidence on the effectiveness of possible strategies to reduce inequalities in smoking. The project has three parts. First, time trends in various European countries will be analyzed with the aim to assess whether changes in national tobacco control policies have influenced inequalities in smoking cessation among adults. Second, comparisons between European countries will be made with the aim to assess whether cross-national differences in specific tobacco control policies were associated with inequalities in smoking initiation among adolescents. These cross-national comparisons will also assess whether different types of educational systems are associated with inequalities in smoking initiation. Third, the project will review the published results of intervention studies, and integrate these with our results. The combined evidence base will be disseminated across Europe, especially among those who are involved in the development of tobacco control policies and health-in-all policies.

This innovative project will develop comparative research into a new strategy for the evaluation of natural experiments, combining methods from different disciplines. Top researchers from different European countries will work together, and bring together four large international networks relevant to inequities in smoking.

Call for proposal

FP7-HEALTH-2011-two-stage
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

CP-FP - Small or medium-scale focused research project

Coordinator

ACADEMISCH MEDISCH CENTRUM BIJ DE UNIVERSITEIT VAN AMSTERDAM
Address
Meibergdreef 15
1105AZ Amsterdam
Netherlands
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
EU contribution
€ 334 600
Administrative Contact
Gulseren Yalvac (Ms.)

Participants (11)

UNIVERSITEIT MAASTRICHT
Netherlands
EU contribution
€ 276 175
Address
Minderbroedersberg 4-6
6200 MD Maastricht
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Astrid Frissen (Ms.)
MARTIN-LUTHER-UNIVERSITAET HALLE-WITTENBERG
Germany
EU contribution
€ 288 100
Address
Universitaetsplatz 10
6108 Halle (Saale)
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Sigrid Köhne (Dr.)
UNIVERSITE CATHOLIQUE DE LOUVAIN
Belgium
EU contribution
€ 288 100
Address
Place De L Universite 1
1348 Louvain La Neuve
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Vincent Lorant (Prof.)
THE UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 175 375
Address
Old College, South Bridge
EH8 9YL Edinburgh
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Gemma Scott-Wood (Ms.)
EUROPEAN NETWORK FOR SMOKING PREVENTION
Belgium
EU contribution
€ 174 090
Address
Chaussee D'ixelles 144
1050 Bruxelles
Activity type
Other
Administrative Contact
Francis Grogna (Mr.)
UNIVERSIDAD COMPLUTENSE DE MADRID
Spain
EU contribution
€ 31 820
Address
Avenida De Seneca 2
28040 Madrid
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Maribel Rodriguez Villa (Ms.)
UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI CASSINO E DEL LAZIO MERIDIONALE
Italy
EU contribution
€ 76 820
Address
Viale Dell Universita - Campus Folcara
03043 Cassino
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Raffaele Simeone (Dr.)
LIETUVOS SVEIKATOS MOKSLU UNIVERSITETAS
Lithuania
EU contribution
€ 28 100
Address
A Mickeviciaus Gatve 9
44307 Kaunas
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Jurate Klumbiene (Prof.)
SODERTORNS HOGSKOLA
Sweden
EU contribution
€ 31 820
Address
Alfred Nobel's Alle 7
SE-141 89 Huddinge
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Christina Axelsson (Dr.)
TAMPEREEN YLIOPISTO
Finland
EU contribution
€ 49 500
Address
Kalevantie 4
33014 Tampere
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Susanna Airila (Ms.)
ESCOLA NACIONAL DE SAUDE PUBLICA
Portugal
EU contribution
€ 40 500
Address
Avenida Padre Cruz
1600 560 Lisboa
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Julian Perelman (Prof.)