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Technology-oriented cooperation and strategies in India and China: Reinforcing the EU dialogue with developing countries on climate change mitigation


This research will evaluate climate change mitigation options in China and India and the conditions for a strategic cooperation on RD&D and technology transfer with EU. This project will identify and assess technology options that might significantly reduce greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions in China and India in key sectors (i.e. power generation, transport, agriculture, and heavy industry).
It will also define the necessary institutional and organizational architecture that would stimulate technological cooperation. The research will emphasize the strategic dimension of RD&D cooperation, and the key role of creating incentives for the participation of developing countries (DCs) in post-2012 GHG emissions reduction strategies and technological cooperation.
Finally it will evaluate how the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and international emission trading (IET) might improve the attractiveness of new energy technology options for DCs, and thus contribute to stimulate RD&D cooperation and technology transfers toward China and India.
The research will be structured around the use of an ensemble of models that will be coupled together via advanced large scale mathematical programming techniques:
(i) a World and regional (i.e. China and India) M ARKAL/TIMES bottom-up techno-economic models permitting a global assessment of technology options in different regions of the world;
(ii) a CGE multi-country and multi-region of the world economy (GEMINI-E3) that includes a representation of developing countries' economies (i.e. China and India) permitting an assessment of welfare, terms of trade and emissions trading effects;
(iii) a multi-region integrated model (WITCH) representing the effect on economic growth of technology competition in a global climate change mitigation context;
(iv) a game theoretic framework that will be implemented to analyze self-enforcing agreements regarding abatement commitment and technological cooperation.

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