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Management improvements of WUE and NUE of Mediterranean strtegic crops (Wheat and Barley)

Objective

Water is recognized as the most limiting factor in Mediterranean regions, though N shortages seem as important as water scarcity. Breeding under these circumstances has been consistently funded by the EU-INCO programme. As crop productivity for a particula r region is the consequence of the breeding x management x weather interaction, understanding the bases for improved management has been becoming increasingly important. The general objective of this proposal is to identify and transfer improvements in man agement of wheat and barley through increasing the capture and/or the use efficiency of water and N. The project is based on the premise that understanding the physiological bases of the responses to water x N shortages would allow the design of more consi stent management practices to overcome the deficiencies explored, either by directly using the concepts in such strategic design or by being able to build up (or adapt an existing) robust simulation models based on this knowledge and then allowing the test ing of different alternatives exploring a large degree of G x E interactions. We aim to improve the understanding on the determinants of the crop ability to capture more water and/or to use water more efficiently in a range of N availability conditions; as well as to capture more N and/or to use N more efficiently in a range of water availability conditions. In this case, both ranges will be characterized and described within the context of the project, (i) identifying plant/crop characteristics that may co nfer superior ability, (ii) building up a mechanistic simulation model used in the design of management strategies, (iii) testing agronomic hypothetical management strategies in these environments, and (iv) evaluating the socio-economic impact of the adopt ion of the improved strategies, and actually transferring the outcomes to the producers (with Farmers Associations in our partnership)

Field of science

  • /social sciences/economics and business/economics/production economics/productivity
  • /agricultural sciences/agriculture, forestry, and fisheries/agriculture
  • /agricultural sciences/animal and dairy science

Call for proposal

FP6-2002-INCO-MPC-1
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

STIP - Specific Targeted Innovation Project

Coordinator

INTERNATIONAL CENTRE FOR ADVANCED MEDITERRANEAN AGRONOMIC STUDIES-MEDITERRANEAN AGRONOMIC INSTITUTE OF ZARAGOZA
Address
Carretera De Montañana 1005
Zaragoza
Spain

Participants (13)

LEBANESE AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE
Lebanon
Address
Rayack, Main Street
287 Zhale
WAGENINGEN UNIVERSITY
Netherlands
Address
Costerweg 50
Wageningen
UNIVERSITY OF NOTTINGHAM
United Kingdom
Address
University Park
Nottingham
UNIVERSITY OF BARCELONA
Spain
Address
Gran Via De Les Corts Catalanes, 585 (Vicerectorat De Política Científica; Oper)
Barcelona
MTT AGRIFOOD RESEARCH FINLAND
Finland
Address

Jokioinen
CENTRE INTERNATIONAL DE HAUTES ETUDES AGRONOMIQUES MEDITERRANEENNES-ISTITUTO AGRONOMICO MEDITERRANEO OF BARI
Italy
Address
Via Ceglie, 9
Valenzano (Ba)
UNIVERSITAT DE LLEIDA
Spain
Address
Pl. Víctor Siurana, 1
Lleida
UNIVERSITY OF JORDAN, FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE
Jordan
Address
Queen Rania Street
Amman
INSTITUT NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE AGRONOMIQUE DE TUNISIE
Tunisia
Address
Rue Hédi Karray
Ariana-tunis
INSTITUT NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE AGRONOMIQUE
Morocco
Address
Avenue De La Victoire, Inra
Rabat
UNION TUNISIENNE DE L'AGRICULTURE ET DE LA PECHE
Tunisia
Address
El Khadra
Tunis
ASSOCIATION OF CEREALS GROWERS OF FOGGIA
Italy
Address
Via G. Calvanese, 35
Foggia
INSTITUT SUPÉRIEUR AGRONOMIQUE DE CHOTT-MERIEM
Tunisia
Address
Route Touristique - Tantana
Chott Meriem - Sousse