Wheat spindle streak mosaic bymovirus (WSSMV) and Soil-borne cereal mos aie furovirus (SBCMV), which have been detected in the USA and Japan for the first time are today already widely spread in the B.C. (France, Italy, UK, Germany, Denmark, Poland) and it is presumed that these viruses will be detected in other E.G. countries in the near future. In some countries (Italy, France, Germany) both viruses have already gained economic importance due to high yield losses up to 50-70% frequently observed in susceptible wheat varieties. Similar to soil-borne barley infecting viruses (Barley Yellow Mosaic and Barley Mild Mosaic Virus) which have been detected in Europe in 1978 for the first time and are a serious threat to winter barley cultivation in parts of the E.G. today, the above mentioned viruses may become a serious constraint to wheat cultivation in the near future.
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