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Impact of Biogenic versus Anthropogenic emissions on Clouds and Climate: towards a Holistic UnderStanding

Objective

Clouds are a very important, yet not well understood feedback factor in climate change and they contribute to the effective radiative forcing (ERF) from aerosol-cloud interactions (ACI). The uncertainty in ERFaci is larger than for any other forcing agent. Also, feedbacks between the terrestrial and marine biosphere and the atmosphere involving ACI are thought to play an important role in regulating climate change but their relevance remains poorly quantified.
BACCHUS proposes to quantify key processes and feedbacks controlling ACI, by combining advanced measurements of cloud and aerosol properties with state-of-the-art numerical modelling. The analysis of contrasting environments will be the guiding strategy for BACCHUS. We will investigate the importance of biogenic versus anthropogenic emissions for ACI in regions that are key regulators of Earth's climate (Amazonian rain forest) or are regarded as tipping elements in the climate system (Arctic).
BACCHUS will generate a unique database linking long-term observations and field campaign data of aerosol, cloud condensation and ice nuclei and cloud microphysical properties; this will enable a better quantification of the natural aerosol concentrations and the anthropogenic aerosol effect. BACCHUS will advance the understanding of biosphere aerosol-cloud-climate feedbacks that occur via emission and transformation of biogenic volatile organic compounds, primary biological aerosols, secondary organic aerosols and dust. Integration of new fundamental understanding gained in BACCHUS in Earth Systems Models allows to reduce the uncertainty in future climate projections. This will have a direct impact on decision-making addressing climate change adaptation and mitigation. BACCHUS brings together a critical mass of experimentalists and modellers with the required scientific expertise to address these complex topics and a high commitment to communicate their findings in many ways in order to ensure a high-impact project.

Field of science

  • /natural sciences/chemical sciences/organic chemistry
  • /natural sciences/chemical sciences/organic chemistry/volatile organic compounds

Call for proposal

FP7-ENV-2013-two-stage
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

CP - Collaborative project (generic)

Coordinator

EIDGENOESSISCHE TECHNISCHE HOCHSCHULE ZUERICH
Address
Raemistrasse 101
8092 Zuerich
Switzerland
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
EU contribution
€ 1 391 044
Administrative Contact
Ulrike Lohmann (Prof.)

Participants (20)

HELSINGIN YLIOPISTO
Finland
EU contribution
€ 639 739
Address
Yliopistonkatu 3
00014 Helsingin Yliopisto
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Satu Väisänen (Mrs.)
PAUL SCHERRER INSTITUT
Switzerland
EU contribution
€ 538 353
Address
Forschungstrasse 111
5232 Villigen Psi
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Irene Walthert (Mrs.)
MAX-PLANCK-GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FORDERUNG DER WISSENSCHAFTEN EV
Germany
EU contribution
€ 771 137
Address
Hofgartenstrasse 8
80539 Munich
Activity type
Other
Administrative Contact
Claudia Piltz (Mrs.)
THE CHANCELLOR, MASTERS AND SCHOLARS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 340 617,10
Address
Wellington Square University Offices
OX1 2JD Oxford
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Stephen Conway (Dr.)
UNIVERSITETET I OSLO
Norway
EU contribution
€ 439 052
Address
Problemveien 5-7
0313 Oslo
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Petter G. Hovind (Mr.)
ILMATIETEEN LAITOS
Finland
EU contribution
€ 384 076
Address
Erik Palmenin Aukio 1
00560 Helsinki
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Leena Tuomainen (Ms.)
UNIVERSITY OF LEEDS
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 315 840
Address
Woodhouse Lane
LS2 9JT Leeds
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Martin Hamilton (Mr.)
THE UNIVERSITY OF MANCHESTER
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 344 032
Address
Oxford Road
M13 9PL Manchester
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Liz Fay (Ms.)
LEIBNIZ INSTITUT FUER TROPOSPHAERENFORSCHUNG e.V.
Germany
EU contribution
€ 567 122,40
Address
Permoserstrasse 15
04318 Leipzig
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Claudia Peter (Mrs.)
JOHANN WOLFGANG GOETHE-UNIVERSITATFRANKFURT AM MAIN
Germany
EU contribution
€ 413 750
Address
Theodor W Adorno Platz 1
60323 Frankfurt Am Main
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Birte Hülsen (Mrs.)
PANEPISTIMIO KRITIS
Greece
EU contribution
€ 250 680
Address
University Campus Gallos
74100 Rethimno
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Eleni Karkanaki (Ms.)
CONSIGLIO NAZIONALE DELLE RICERCHE
Italy
EU contribution
€ 381 383
Address
Piazzale Aldo Moro 7
00185 Roma
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Cristina Sabbioni (Dr.)
NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF IRELAND GALWAY
Ireland
EU contribution
€ 344 167
Address
University Road
H91 Galway
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Mari Vahey (Ms.)
INSTITUTE OF NUCLEAR RESEARCH AND NUCLEAR ENERGY - BULGARIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES
Bulgaria
EU contribution
€ 159 120
Address
Tzarigradsko Shose 72
1784 Sofia
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Ivo Emilov Kalapov (Mr.)
THE HEBREW UNIVERSITY OF JERUSALEM
Israel
EU contribution
€ 304 392
Address
Edmond J Safra Campus Givat Ram
91904 Jerusalem
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Jane Turner (Ms.)
CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS
France
EU contribution
€ 339 427
Address
Rue Michel Ange 3
75794 Paris
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Patrick Mounaud (Mr.)
KARLSRUHER INSTITUT FUER TECHNOLOGIE
Germany
EU contribution
€ 266 533,50
Address
Kaiserstrasse 12
76131 Karlsruhe
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Irina Schott (Ms.)
THE CYPRUS INSTITUTE
Cyprus
EU contribution
€ 475 770
Address
Constantinou Kavafi 20
2121 Nicosia
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Nikos Mihalopoulos (Prof.)
TECHNOLOGIKO PANEPISTIMIO KYPROU
Cyprus
EU contribution
€ 80 352
Address
Archbishop Kyprianos 31 Savings Cooperative Bank Building 3Rd Floor
3036 Lemesos
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Charalambos Chrisostomou (Dr.)
GOETEBORGS UNIVERSITET
Sweden
Address
Vasaparken
405 30 Goeteborg
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Maria Enge