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SELECTIVE RECOVERY OF NON-FERROUS METAL AUTOMOTIVE SHREDDER BY COMBINED ELECTROMAGNETIC TENSOR SPECTROSCOPY AND LASER-INDUCED PLASMA SPECTROSCOPY

Objective

Every year, more than 50 million vehicles reach the end of their service life throughout the World. In the EU, the amount of waste generated by the automotive industry raised up to 10 million tonnes in 2010, and it is foreseen that it will increase by 40% until 2015. Thus, the appropriate recycling of this waste has important implications from the environmental point of view.
About 8% of the total weight in the automotive shredder corresponds to non-ferrous metals, which is often processed by Heavy Media Separation, and handsorting. Vision systems can be used to separate metals based on their colour. However this requires thermal and chemical etching treatments of the shredder to remove coatings, and to induce surface colour modifications, resulting in substantial operational costs, higher energy and water consumption and associated waste and GHG emissions. Moreover, none of current sorting technologies is still able to successfully sort the light fraction of the metals (Al and Mg) into individual alloys, which consequently must be downgraded to produce cast aluminium. In the next years, unless new technologies enable the recovery of Al in the form of wrought alloys (“cradle-to-cradle” approach), secondary Al will not be completely absorbed by the market, and the production of primary Al will increase by 25%. This represents a major environmental concern due to the much higher energy and emissions of primary production process.
This project aims at developing a new dry sorting technology for non-ferrous automotive shredder. First, shredder will be separated into different metals, based on their conductivity. To this end, a new electromagnetic sensing technique combined with a vision system will be used. In a next step, the light fraction (Al and Mg alloys, with overlapping conductivities), will be alloy-sorted using LIBS. A novel LIBS system design is proposed, enabling upscaling the sorting throughput by one order of magnitude with respect to existing systems.

Field of science

  • /social sciences/economics and business/business and management/commerce
  • /engineering and technology/materials engineering/coating and films
  • /natural sciences/chemical sciences/inorganic chemistry/inorganic compounds
  • /engineering and technology/environmental engineering/waste management/recycling
  • /natural sciences/chemical sciences/inorganic chemistry/metals

Call for proposal

FP7-ENV-2013-two-stage
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

CP - Collaborative project (generic)

Coordinator

LENZ INSTRUMENTS SL
Address
Calle Venezuela 31 Nave 3
08019 Barcelona
Spain
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
EU contribution
€ 835 030
Administrative Contact
Jacobo álvarez (Dr.)

Participants (10)

INSTITUTO SUPERIOR TECNICO
Portugal
EU contribution
€ 137 127,75
Address
Avenida Rovisco Pais 1
1049-001 Lisboa
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Olga Ribeiro (Dr.)
CONSIGLIO NAZIONALE DELLE RICERCHE
Italy
EU contribution
€ 300 485
Address
Piazzale Aldo Moro 7
00185 Roma
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Manuela Cempini (Mrs.)
REGULACION DE MOTORES, S.A.
Spain
EU contribution
€ 274 800
Address
Vapor 8
08850 Gavà
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Ricardo Viaplana (Mr.)
JOANNEUM RESEARCH FORSCHUNGSGESELLSCHAFT MBH
Austria
EU contribution
€ 397 748,75
Address
Leonhardstrasse 59
8010 Graz
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Martina Uray (Dr.)
Laboratorio Nacional de Energia e Geologia I.P.
Portugal
EU contribution
€ 115 065,50
Address
Rua Da Amieira
4466-901 S.mamede De Infesta
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Ana Claudia Carvalho (Dr.)
MARWAN TECHNOLOGY
Italy
EU contribution
€ 275 760
Address
Via Del Borghetto 34
56124 Pisa
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Giorgio Carelli (Dr.)
MONOCROM SL
Spain
EU contribution
€ 371 810
Address
Calle Vilanoveta 6
08800 Barcelona
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Delfí López Queraltó (Mr.)
THE UNIVERSITY OF MANCHESTER
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 527 735
Address
Oxford Road
M13 9PL Manchester
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Liz Fay (Mrs.)
HIERROS Y METALES DIEZ SL
Spain
EU contribution
€ 65 275
Address
Carretera De Cogullada Km 2 5
50014 Zaragoza
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Jesús Julián Diez Alonso (Mr.)
SAUBERMACHER DIENSTLEISTUNGS AG
Austria
EU contribution
€ 77 322
Address
Hans Roth Strasse 1
8073 Feldkirchen
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Iris Martinz (Mrs.)