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Sustainable Urban Consolidation CentrES for conStruction

Periodic Reporting for period 2 - SUCCESS (Sustainable Urban Consolidation CentrES for conStruction)

Reporting period: 2016-11-01 to 2018-04-30

SUCCESS (Sustainable Urban Consolidation CentrES for ConStruction) is one of the few projects focusing on improving freight transport for the construction sector, and more specifically on:
- The construction supply chain, collecting real data from four pilot construction sites and analysing them in order to measure the potential advantages of the adoption of new practices.
- The Construction Consolidation Centres (CCCs), measuring their potential impact and finding a viable business model for their replication in other contexts.
There are already a number of projects related to the reduction of logistic flows in urban areas, yet, few of them address construction. Also, the real world implementations of CCCs are very rare. The existing pilot studies demonstrated positive effects. Yet, they were implemented in specific contexts and their general commercial viability was not demonstrated.
SUCCESS is important for society because freight transport is a key issue for our urban communities: transport in the final link of the logistics chain is clearly visible to the population and it accounts for approximately 20% of the overall cost of transport while representing 1% of distance covered. EC Studies show that the construction industry accounts today for 40% of the EU’s total energy consumption, which produces about 35% of all greenhouse gas emissions. What’s more, construction is an industry sector scarcely affected by innovation, so the room for improvement is wide. Since 1995 the global average value-added per hour has grown at around a quarter of the rate in manufacturing. According to McKinsey, no industry has done worse.
The concentration of population in urban areas is causing an increase in construction works within cities. This in turn leads to an increase of trips related to construction. These often originate from far away and have huge negative externalities (congestion, air pollution, noise, accidents, etc.). SUCCESS aimed at better understanding the construction-related supply chain and its negative externalities, in order to reduce them.
Specifically, the project aimed to:
1. Decrease the nuisances caused by urban freight transport, so to improve the overall quality of life in urban zones.
2. Improve the use of the existing transport infrastructures and diminish their degradation, so to decrease building and renovating costs and impacts on urban environment.
4. Increase the level of cooperation and coordination among all the stakeholders of the supply chain and the policy makers.
5. Develop reusable methods and tools which can be adopted for the optimisation of the supply chain of future construction projects and help the implementation of CCCs, with clear indications of their impact, suggestions on where to optimally locate them, and a Cost-Benefit Analysis.
SUCCESS used real data collected over several months in four diverse construction projects to show the potential impact of several optimisation measures on the four projects and develop the SUCCESSFUL toolkit, i.e. a set of freely available software tools that urban decision makers, transport & logistics and construction companies can use to assess the impact of these measures on their future projects and receive helpful advice on how to practically implement them.
The simulations performed by SUCCESS show for instance that the daily number of freight vehicles both for direct and reverse logistics can be reduced by 42 to 54%, the reduction of pollutant emissions can be improved (13-33% for CO2, 8-41% for NOx and 19-30% for PMx), the distance travelled by construction vehicles can be reduced (20-42%), small deliveries can be entirely eliminated and the load factor can be increased substantially (between 41% and 232%). Also, a proper management of the CCC can make it a viable business, with a payback that is often very short (less than a year) and only in one case is of 5 years.
The kit consists of three tools, notably
- The SUCCESSFUL–Action plan tool to assess the logistics complexity of a given set of projects in a given city and identify the most appropriate optimisation measures.
- The SUCCESSFUL–CBA4CCC tool to assess the costs and the benefits that the CCC implementation would bring for a given set of projects in a given city.
- The SUCCESSFUL–CCC Locator tool to identify the best location of a CCC for a given set of projects in a given city.
They are freely available for all on the project's website and are being integrated in the CIVITAS tool inventory.
Additionally, a collaborative decision support system that can be installed in a multi-touch table has been developed to better understand the impacts of urban policies. A handbook of good practices for construction logistics has been integrated in the CIVITAS tool inventory. The cooperation with the other Urban Freight Transport projects and the US authorities opened up new opportunities for networking.
In terms of communication, the project exceeded the initial expectations. Five scientific papers have been published and are available in open access format. A set of open data collected and developed during the project is also available for future research activities to be performed by third parties.
The current exploitation leads are the following:
- A spin off of the University of Modena e Reggio Emilia will develop a premium version of the SUCCESSFUL tools as part of their consultancy offer
- Discussions are ongoing with a subcontractor of one of the construction companies that were partners of the project on further commercial exploitation of the SUCCESSFUL tools and with a leading IT multinational company on the development of a commercial version of the cooperative DSS for the tangible table.
The core impact of SUCCESS is its contribution to the reduction of the negative externalities and costs of freight deliveries and service trips generated by the construction supply chain in urban areas.
It delivered the first comprehensive data collection effort focussing on the analysis of construction supply chain across four heterogeneous pilot sites and clear, unbiased scientific knowledge on the viability of consolidation centres that can lead to larger adoption with benefits for the affected urban areas and the other stakeholders. The same applies to a number of other policy improvements (e.g. limitations on size, class, mode, delivery windows etc.).
The project's results have been transferred during the project to twelve non-partner cities and translated in a set of freely available software tools that urban decision makers, transport & logistics and construction companies will be able to use to assess the impact of these measures on their future projects and receive helpful advice on how to practically implement them.
Two real world CCCs were deployed by the project partner CMB the Italian cities of Pordenone and Florence and CSTC declared that the CCC that is being deployed in Brussels would not have been possible without SUCCESS.