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European Training Network for Zero-waste Valorisation of Bauxite Residue (Red Mud)

Deliverables

Summer School

1 REDMUD Summer School

REDMUD Conference

REDMUD Conference 1 (M12)

REDMUD Conference 2

REDMUD Conference 2 at the end of the project

Second paper ESRs

Second (peer-review) paper by ESRs

First paper ESRs

First paper (peer-review) by ESRs

Policy brief 1

Policy Brief 1

Policy Brief 3

Policy Brief 3

Policy Brief 4

Policy brief 4

Policy brief 2

Policy Brief 2

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Publications

Precipitation Trends of Scandium in Synthetic Red Mud Solutions with Different Precipitation Agents

Author(s): Bengi Yagmurlu, Carsten Dittrich, Bernd Friedrich
Published in: Journal of Sustainable Metallurgy, 2016, ISSN 2199-3831
DOI: 10.1007/s40831-016-0098-9

A proposal for a 100 % use of bauxite residue towards inorganic polymer mortar

Author(s): Hertel, T., Blanpain, B., Pontikes
Published in: Journal of Sustainable Metallurgy, 2016, ISSN 2199-3823
DOI: 10.1007/s40831-016-0080-6

A framework for including enhanced exposure to Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (NORM) in LCA

Author(s): P.J. Joyce, A. Goronovski, A.H. Tkaczyk, A. Björklund
Published in: The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 2016, ISSN 0948-3349
DOI: 10.1007/s11367-016-1218-2

Efficient and Selective Recovery of Trace Scandium by Inorganic Titanium Phosphate Ion-Exchangers from Leachates of Waste Bauxite Residue

Author(s): Wenzhong Zhang, Risto Koivula, Elmo Wiikinkoski, Junhua Xu, Sami Hietala, Jukka Lehto, Risto Harjula
Published in: ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, Issue 5/4, 2017, Page(s) 3103-3114, ISSN 2168-0485
DOI: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.6b02870

Neutralisation of bauxite residue by carbon dioxide prior to acidic leaching for metal recovery

Author(s): Rodolfo Marin Rivera, Ghania Ounoughene, Chenna Rao Borra, Koen Binnemans, Tom Van Gerven
Published in: Minerals Engineering, Issue 112, 2017, Page(s) 92-102, ISSN 0892-6875
DOI: 10.1016/j.mineng.2017.07.011

A Study of the Occurrence of Selected Rare-Earth Elements in Neutralized–Leached Bauxite Residue and Comparison with Untreated Bauxite Residue

Author(s): Rodolfo Marin Rivera, Ghania Ounoughene, Annelies Malfliet, Johannes Vind, Dimitris Panias, Vicky Vassiliadou, Koen Binnemans, Tom Van Gerven
Published in: Journal of Sustainable Metallurgy, Issue 5/1, 2019, Page(s) 57-68, ISSN 2199-3823
DOI: 10.1007/s40831-018-0206-0

Titanium alkylphosphate functionalised mesoporous silica for enhanced uptake of rare-earth ions

Author(s): Wenzhong Zhang, Dženita Avdibegović, Risto Koivula, Timo Hatanpää, Sami Hietala, Mercedes Regadío, Koen Binnemans, Risto Harjula
Published in: Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Issue 5/45, 2017, Page(s) 23805-23814, ISSN 2050-7488
DOI: 10.1039/c7ta08127h

Iron Recovery from Bauxite Residue Through Reductive Roasting and Wet Magnetic Separation

Author(s): Chiara Cardenia, Efthymios Balomenos, Dimitris Panias
Published in: Journal of Sustainable Metallurgy, Issue 5/1, 2019, Page(s) 9-19, ISSN 2199-3823
DOI: 10.1007/s40831-018-0181-5

Sintering Optimisation and Recovery of Aluminum and Sodium from Greek Bauxite Residue

Author(s): Tam, Panias, Vassiliadou
Published in: Minerals, Issue 9/10, 2019, Page(s) 571, ISSN 2075-163X
DOI: 10.3390/min9100571

Synthesis of Scandium Phosphate after Peroxide Assisted Leaching of Iron Depleted Bauxite Residue (Red Mud) Slags

Author(s): Bengi Yagmurlu, Gözde Alkan, Buhle Xakalashe, Claudia Schier, Lars Gronen, Ichiro Koiwa, Carsten Dittrich, Bernd Friedrich
Published in: Scientific Reports, Issue 9/1, 2019, ISSN 2045-2322
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-48390-z

Selective silica gel free scandium extraction from Iron-depleted red mud slags by dry digestion

Author(s): Gözde Alkan, Bengi Yagmurlu, Lars Gronen, Carsten Dittrich, Yiqian Ma, Srecko Stopic, Bernd Friedrich
Published in: Hydrometallurgy, Issue 185, 2019, Page(s) 266-272, ISSN 0304-386X
DOI: 10.1016/j.hydromet.2019.03.008

Novel Approach for Enhanced Scandium and Titanium Leaching Efficiency from Bauxite Residue with Suppressed Silica Gel Formation

Author(s): Gözde Alkan, Bengi Yagmurlu, Seckin Cakmakoglu, Tobias Hertel, Şerif Kaya, Lars Gronen, Srecko Stopic, Bernd Friedrich
Published in: Scientific Reports, Issue 8/1, 2018, Page(s) 5676, ISSN 2045-2322
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-24077-9

A Mineralogical Assessment on Residues after Acidic Leaching of Bauxite Residue (Red Mud) for Titanium Recovery

Author(s): Gözde Alkan, Claudia Schier, Lars Gronen, Srecko Stopic, Bernd Friedrich
Published in: Metals, Issue 7/11, 2017, Page(s) 458, ISSN 2075-4701
DOI: 10.3390/met7110458

Recovery of scandium( iii ) from diluted aqueous solutions by a supported ionic liquid phase (SILP)

Author(s): Dženita Avdibegović, Mercedes Regadío, Koen Binnemans
Published in: RSC Adv., Issue 7/78, 2017, Page(s) 49664-49674, ISSN 2046-2069
DOI: 10.1039/c7ra07957e

Scandium and Titanium Recovery from Bauxite Residue by Direct Leaching with a Brønsted Acidic Ionic Liquid

Author(s): Chiara Bonomi, Alexandra Alexandri, Johannes Vind, Angeliki Panagiotopoulou, Petros Tsakiridis, Dimitrios Panias
Published in: Metals, Issue 8/10, 2018, Page(s) 834, ISSN 2075-4701
DOI: 10.3390/met8100834

Distribution of Selected Trace Elements in the Bayer Process

Author(s): Johannes Vind, Alexandra Alexandri, Vicky Vassiliadou, Dimitrios Panias
Published in: Metals, Issue 8/5, 2018, Page(s) 327, ISSN 2075-4701
DOI: 10.3390/met8050327

Extraction of rare earths from bauxite residue (red mud) by dry digestion followed by water leaching

Author(s): Rodolfo Marin Rivera, Brecht Ulenaers, Ghania Ounoughene, Koen Binnemans, Tom Van Gerven
Published in: Minerals Engineering, Issue 119, 2018, Page(s) 82-92, ISSN 0892-6875
DOI: 10.1016/j.mineng.2018.01.023

Efficient separation of rare earths recovered by a supported ionic liquid from bauxite residue leachate

Author(s): Dženita Avdibegović, Mercedes Regadío, Koen Binnemans
Published in: RSC Advances, Issue 8/22, 2018, Page(s) 11886-11893, ISSN 2046-2069
DOI: 10.1039/C7RA13402A

Rare Earth Element Phases in Bauxite Residue

Author(s): Tkaczyk, Alan; Tsakiridis, Petros; Blanpain, Bart; Malfliet, Annelies; Vind, Johannes; Panias, Dimitrios; Vassiliadou, Vicky
Published in: Minerals, Vol 8, Iss 2, p 77 (2018), Issue 4, 2018, ISSN 2075-163X
DOI: 10.20944/PREPRINTS201801.0288.V1

Conditioning of Red Mud for Subsequent Titanium and Scandium Recovery - A Conceptual Design Study

Author(s): G. Alkan, B. Xaxalashe, B. Yagmurlu, F. Kaussen, , B. Freidrich
Published in: Erzmetall, 2017, ISSN 1613-2394

Modes of occurrences of scandium in Greek bauxite and bauxite residue

Author(s): Johannes Vind, Annelies Malfliet, Chiara Bonomi, Päärn Paiste, István E. Sajó, Bart Blanpain, Alan H. Tkaczyk, Vicky Vassiliadou, Dimitrios Panias
Published in: Minerals Engineering, Issue 123, 2018, Page(s) 35-48, ISSN 0892-6875
DOI: 10.1016/j.mineng.2018.04.025

Lcopt - An interactive tool for creating fully parameterised Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) foreground models

Author(s): P James Joyce
Published in: The Journal of Open Source Software, Issue 2/16, 2017, Page(s) 339, ISSN 2475-9066
DOI: 10.21105/joss.00339

Impact assessment of enhanced exposure from Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (NORM) within LCA

Author(s): Andrei Goronovski, P. James Joyce, Anna Björklund, Göran Finnveden, Alan H. Tkaczyk
Published in: Journal of Cleaner Production, Issue 172, 2018, Page(s) 2824-2839, ISSN 0959-6526
DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.11.131

Identifying hotspots of environmental impact in the development of novel inorganic polymer paving blocks from bauxite residue

Author(s): P. James Joyce, Tobias Hertel, Andrei Goronovski, Alan H. Tkaczyk, Yiannis Pontikes, Anna Björklund
Published in: Resources, Conservation and Recycling, Issue 138, 2018, Page(s) 87-98, ISSN 0921-3449
DOI: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2018.07.006

Intralanthanide Separation on Layered Titanium(IV) Organophosphate Materials via a Selective Transmetalation Process

Author(s): Wenzhong Zhang, Sami Hietala, Leonid Khriachtchev, Timo Hatanpää, Bhairavi Doshi, Risto Koivula
Published in: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Issue 10/26, 2018, Page(s) 22083-22093, ISSN 1944-8244
DOI: 10.1021/acsami.8b04480

Effect of Aqueous Media on the Recovery of Scandium by Selective Precipitation

Author(s): Bengi Yagmurlu, Carsten Dittrich, Bernd Friedrich
Published in: Metals, Issue 8/5, 2018, Page(s) 314, ISSN 2075-4701
DOI: 10.3390/met8050314

Combined multi-step precipitation and supported ionic liquid phase chromatography for the recovery of rare earths from leach solutions of bauxite residues

Author(s): Dženita Avdibegović, Bengi Yagmurlu, Carsten Dittrich, Mercedes Regadío, Bernd Friedrich, Koen Binnemans
Published in: Hydrometallurgy, Issue 180, 2018, Page(s) 229-235, ISSN 0304-386X
DOI: 10.1016/j.hydromet.2018.07.023

Selective ion-exchange separation of scandium(III) over iron(III) by crystalline α-zirconium phosphate platelets under acidic conditions

Author(s): Dženita Avdibegović, Wenzhong Zhang, Junhua Xu, Mercedes Regadío, Risto Koivula, Koen Binnemans
Published in: Separation and Purification Technology, Issue 215, 2019, Page(s) 81-90, ISSN 1383-5866
DOI: 10.1016/j.seppur.2018.12.079

Selective rare earth element extraction using high-pressure acid leaching of slags arising from the smelting of bauxite residue

Author(s): Rodolfo Marin Rivera, Buhle Xakalashe, Ghania Ounoughene, Koen Binnemans, Bernd Friedrich, Tom Van Gerven
Published in: Hydrometallurgy, Issue 184, 2019, Page(s) 162-174, ISSN 0304-386X
DOI: 10.1016/j.hydromet.2019.01.005

Using Life Cycle Thinking to Assess the Sustainability Benefits of Complex Valorization Pathways for Bauxite Residue

Author(s): P. James Joyce, Anna Björklund
Published in: Journal of Sustainable Metallurgy, Issue 5/1, 2019, Page(s) 69-84, ISSN 2199-3823
DOI: 10.1007/s40831-019-00209-x

Solid-State Conversion of Scandium Phosphate into Scandium Oxide with Sodium Compounds

Author(s): Bengi Yagmurlu, Wenzhong Zhang, Mikko J. Heikkilä, Risto T. Koivula, Bernd Friedrich
Published in: Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, Issue 58/32, 2019, Page(s) 14609-14620, ISSN 0888-5885
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b02411

Use of modified bauxite residue-based porous inorganic polymer monoliths as adsorbents of methylene blue

Author(s): Tobias Hertel, Rui M. Novais, Roberto Murillo Alarcón, João A. Labrincha, Yiannis Pontikes
Published in: Journal of Cleaner Production, Issue 227, 2019, Page(s) 877-889, ISSN 0959-6526
DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.04.084

Review of Technologies in the Recovery of Iron, Aluminium, Titanium and Rare Earth Elements from Bauxite Residue (Red Mud)

Author(s): C. Bonomi, C. Cardenia, P. Tam Wai Yin, D. Panias
Published in: Proceedings of the III International Academic Symposium on Enhanced Landfill Mining, Lisboa (Portugal), 2016, 2016, Page(s) 259-276
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.571694

Recovery of Aluminium from Bauxite Residue: Dissolution and Electrowinning of Aluminium Using Pyrrolidinium Ionic Liquid

Author(s): P.W.Y. Tam, D. Panias, I. Giannopoulou, E. Bourbos, S. Spathariotis, V. Vassiliadou
Published in: "Proceedings of 5th International Conference on Industrial and Hazardous Waste Management ""CRETE 2016"". Chania (Crete, Greece). 27–30 September 2016", 2016
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.291938

Bauxite Residue Sinter Phase Transformations

Author(s): Hodge, Harrison; Tam, Pritii; Vaughan, James; Panias, Dimitrios
Published in: Proceedings of 5th International Slag Valorisation Symposium (5th ISVS 2017), Issue 1, 2018
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.571733

Ionometallurgical Leaching Process of Bauxite Residue: a Comparison between Hydrophilic and Hydrophobic Ionic Liquids

Author(s): Bonomi Chiara; Davris Panagiotis; Balomenos Efthymios; Giannopoulou Ioanna; Panias Dimitrios
Published in: Proceedings of 35th International ICSOBA Conference, Issue 21, 2017

Large-scale Valorization of Bauxite Residue for Inorganic Polymers

Author(s): Hertel, Tobias; Blanpain, Bart; Iacobescu, Remus Ion; Pontikes, Yiannis
Published in: Proceedings of 34th International ICSOBA Conference, International ICSOBA Conference., 2016/10/03 - 2016/10/06, Quebec City, Canada, Issue 20, 2016

Behaviour of Silica during Metal Recovery from Bauxite Residue by Acidic Leaching

Author(s): Marin Rivera, Rodolfo; Ulenaers, Brecht; Ounoughene, Ghania; Binnemans, Koen; Van Gerven, Tom
Published in: Proceedings of 35th Conference of the International Committee for Study of Bauxite, Alumina & Aluminium, Issue 17, 2017, Page(s) 547-556

High temperature processing options for the valorisation of bauxite residue towards new materials

Author(s): Hertel, Tobias; Blanpain, Bart; Pontikes, Yiannis
Published in: Travaux 46, Proceedings of 35th International ICSOBA Conference, Hamburg, Germany, 2 - 5 October, 2017, Issue 11, 2017
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1241062

"Reductive roasting process for the recovery of iron oxides from bauxite residue through rotary kiln furnace and magnetic separation"""

Author(s): CARDENIA CHIARA; XAKALASHE BUHLE; BALOMENOS EFTHYMIOS; PANIAS DIMITRIOS; FRIEDRICH BERND
Published in: Proceedings ICSOBA Conference 2017, Issue 3, 2017

Carbothermic Reduction of Bauxite Residue for Iron Recovery and Subsequent Aluminium Recovery from Slag Leaching.

Author(s): Tam, Pritii Wai Yin; Xakalashe, Buhle; Friedrich, Bernd; Panias, Dimitrios; Vassiliadou, Vicky
Published in: Proceedings of ICSOBA Conference 2017, 2017

Use of bauxite residue slurry as single activator in a hybrid binder system

Author(s): L. Arnout, T. Hertel, M. Liard, D. Lootens, Y. Pontikes
Published in: Proceedings of 35th International ICSOBA Conference, Hamburg, Germany, 2 - 5 October, 2017, 2017

Combined SAF Smelting and Hydrometallurgical Treatment of Bauxite Residue for Enhanced Valuable Metal Recovery

Author(s): Bengi Yagmurlu, Gozde Alkan, Buhle Xakalashe, Bernd Friedrich, Srecko Stopic, Carsten Dittrich
Published in: 35th International ICSOBA Conference, 2017, Page(s) 587-594

Recovery of Scandium from Bauxite Residue By Selective Precipitation from Leach Solutions

Author(s): B. Yagmurlu, C. Dittrich, B. Friedrich
Published in: Proceedings of ALTA 2016 Conference, 2016

Enhancement of Sc and Ti extraction rates from Fe-depleted slag by hydrogen peroxide and sulfuric acid leaching

Author(s): Gozde Alkan, Bengi Yagmurlu, Buhle Xakalashe, Srecko Stopic, Carsten Dittrich, Bernd Friedrich
Published in: Proceedings of Bauxite Residue Valorisation and Best Practices Conference BR2018, 2018

Advances on Scandium Recovery Beyond State of the Art

Author(s): Bengi Yagmurlu, Wenzhong Zhang, Dzenita Avdibegovic, Mercedes Regadio, Risto Tapio Koivula, Carsten Dittrich, Koen Binnemans, Bernd Friedrich
Published in: ALTA 2018 URANIUM-REE-Lithium Proceedings, 2018

Combining pyrometallurgical conditioning and dry acid digestion of red mud for selective Sc extraction and TiO2 enrichment in mineral phase

Author(s): Gozde Alkan, Bengi Yagmurlu, Yiqian Ma, Buhle Xakalashe, Srecko Stopic, Carsten Dittrich, Bernd Friedrich
Published in: Proceedings of Bauxite Residue Valorisation and Best Practices Conference BR2018, 2018

Distribution of trace elements through the Bayer process and its by-products

Author(s): J. Vind, D. Panias, V. Vassiliadou
Published in: Proceedings of International ICSOBA Conference 2017, 2017

Rare earths and scandium mineralogy in bauxite residue

Author(s): J. Vind, V. Vassiliadou, D. Panias
Published in: 2nd International Bauxite Residue Valorisation and Best Practices Conference BR2018, 2018, Page(s) 387-392

Bauxite residue as main raw material in the production of calcium sulfo-ferroaluminate clinker

Author(s): D. Arino Montoya, T. Hertel, N. Pistofidis, G. Giannakopoulos, R. I. Iacobescu, M. Katsiotis, Y. Pontikes
Published in: 2nd International Bauxite Residue Valorisation and Best Practices Conference, 2018, Page(s) 287-292

Increasing the Fe2O3/Al2O3 ratio in ordinary Portland cement clinker, aiming to incorporate higher contents of bauxite residue

Author(s): D. Arino Montoya, M. Katsiotis, N. Pistofidis, G. Giannakkopoulos, D. Papageorgiou, R. I. Iacobescu, Y. Pontikes
Published in: 5th International Slag Valorisation Symposium, 2017, Page(s) 255-258

Low-carbon footprint cements incorporating high volumes of bauxite residue

Author(s): D. Arino Montoya, M. Katsiotis, G. Giannakopoulos, R. I. Iacobescu, Y. Pontikes
Published in: Proceedings of International ICSOBA Conference 2017, 2017, Page(s) 529-538

Incorporating the radiological effects and environmental impact assessment of naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM) into the life cycle environmental optimisation of bauxite residue (BR) valorisation

Author(s): Joyce, P. J.; Goronovski, A.; Tkaczyk, A. H.; Björklund A.
Published in: Proceedings of Bauxite Residue Valorisation and Best Practices Conference 2015, 2015

Distribution of uranium, thorium and potassium in the Bayer process

Author(s): A. Goronovski, J. Vind, V. Vassiliadou, D. Panias, A. H. Tkaczyk
Published in: Proceedings of Bauxite Residue Valorisation and Best Practices Conference BR2018, 2018

Assessment of NORM in bauxite residue to facilitate valorization

Author(s): A. Goronovski, A. H. Tkaczyk
Published in: Proceedings of Bauxite Residue Valorisation and Best Practices Conference BR2018, 2018

Towards Red Mud Valorisation: EAF Smelting Process For Iron Recovery And Slag Design For Use As Precursor In The Construction Industry

Author(s): B. Xakalashe, B. Friedrich
Published in: Proceedings of 6th International Slag Valorisation Symposium, 2019, Page(s) 61-64

Combined carbothermic reduction of bauxite residue and basic oxygen furnace slag for enhanced recovery of Fe and slag conditioning

Author(s): B. Xakalashe, B. Friedrich
Published in: Proceedings of 2nd International Bauxite Residue Valorisation and Best Practices Conference BR2018, 2018, Page(s) 233-240

Purification of low concentration of rare earths from high concentration impurities in leach liquor of bauxite residue slag by a supported ionic liquid phase

Author(s): Avdibegovic D., Regadio M., Marin Rivera R., Ounoughene G., Van Gerven T., Binnemans K.
Published in: Proceedings of 2nd International Bauxite Residue Valorisation and Best Practices Conference, 2018

Mineralogy and distribution of the secondary and trace bauxite elements through the Bayer process and its by-products

Author(s): J. Vind
Published in: PhD dissertation - Mineralogy and distribution of the secondary and trace bauxite elements through the Bayer process and its by-products, 2019

Environmental Considerations in the Zero-Waste Valorization of Bauxite Residue: A Life Cycle Perspective

Author(s): P.J. Joyce
Published in: Doctoral Thesis, 2019

Innovative Technologies for Rare Earth Element Recovery from Bauxite Residue

Author(s): R. Marin Rivera
Published in: Doctoral thesis, 2019

Metal(IV) Phosphate Based Functional Materials for Selectively Harvesting Rare-Earth Elements from Bauxite Residue

Author(s): W. Zhang
Published in: PhD dissertation, 2018

Recovery of rare earths from bauxite residue leachates by functionalised sorbents

Author(s): Avdibegovic, D; Binnemans, K (Supervisor) ; Regadio-Garcia, M
Published in: PhD thesis, 2018