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Space-borne observations for detecting and forecasting sea ice cover extremes

Objective

The main objective of this proposal is to develop new methods to retrieve sea ice parameters from existing (and imminent) satellite sensors to provide enhanced products for polar operators and prediction systems, specifically addressing extreme and unexpected conditions.
Automatic remote sensing products traditionally provide general information on sea ice conditions such as ice extent and concentration. However, for ice charting, tactical navigation and management of off-shore activities much more important is to know and avoid hazardous sea ice conditions. In general, sea ice hazards are related to sea ice thickness. More often than not polar ships and off-shore platforms are only operating during summer seasons and certain regions. This is because they are designed to resist typical forces of induced by pack ice, but they are not designed to resist the extreme sea ice conditions.

Ongoing climate warming has manifested as shrinking and thinning of pack ice in the Arctic. This is a primary driver for the increasing shipping, oil and gas explorations and mining activities in the Arctic. However, severe sea ice conditions still exist and in consequence many locations are impossible for ship based operations. Moreover, year-to-year variability of sea ice is very large and hazardous multiyear ice (MYI) floes sometimes appear also in typically seasonally ice free regions.

In order to response needs of increase polar activities, we propose to focus on detection of sea ice extremes and automatic production of “sea ice warnings” products. In particular, we aim for a detection of MYI floes in a area composed mostly first-year ice from synthetic aperture radar (SAR), heavily ridged ice regions from SAR, the thickest ice from radar altimeter (RA) thickness profiles, regional anomalies of thick or thin ice via passive microwave (PMW) data, sea ice areas vulnerable for the wave action, detection of early/late melting season and improving capabilities to forecast seasonal sea ice extremes.

Field of science

  • /engineering and technology/electrical engineering, electronic engineering, information engineering/information engineering/telecommunications/radio technology/radar
  • /engineering and technology/electrical engineering, electronic engineering, information engineering/electronic engineering/sensors
  • /engineering and technology/environmental engineering/remote sensing

Call for proposal

H2020-EO-2014
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

RIA - Research and Innovation action

Coordinator

ILMATIETEEN LAITOS
Address
Erik Palmenin Aukio 1
00560 Helsinki
Finland
Activity type
Research Organisations
EU contribution
€ 297 500

Participants (13)

STIFTELSEN NANSEN SENTER FOR MILJOOG FJERNMALING
Norway
EU contribution
€ 257 193
Address
Thormohlensgate 47
5006 Bergen
Activity type
Research Organisations
METEOROLOGISK INSTITUTT
Norway
EU contribution
€ 199 235
Address
Henrik Mohns Plass 1
0313 Oslo
Activity type
Research Organisations
DANMARKS METEOROLOGISKE INSTITUT
Denmark
EU contribution
€ 248 750
Address
Lyngbyvej 100
2100 Kobenhavn
Activity type
Research Organisations
DANMARKS TEKNISKE UNIVERSITET
Denmark
EU contribution
€ 242 750
Address
Anker Engelundsvej 1 Bygning 101 A
2800 Kgs Lyngby
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
UNIVERSITA POLITECNICA DELLE MARCHE
Italy
EU contribution
€ 187 500
Address
Piazza Roma 22
60121 Ancona
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
EUROPEAN CENTRE FOR MEDIUM-RANGE WEATHER FORECASTS
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 256 250
Address
Shinfield Park
RG2 9AX Reading
Activity type
Research Organisations
UNIVERSITAET HAMBURG
Germany
EU contribution
€ 245 375
Address
Mittelweg 177
20148 Hamburg
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
UNIVERSITAET BREMEN
Germany
EU contribution
€ 245 375
Address
Bibliothekstrasse 1
28359 Bremen
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
ALFRED-WEGENER-INSTITUT HELMHOLTZ-ZENTRUM FUR POLAR- UND MEERESFORSCHUNG
Germany
EU contribution
€ 245 375
Address
Am Handelshafen 12
27570 Bremerhaven
Activity type
Research Organisations
MAX-PLANCK-GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FORDERUNG DER WISSENSCHAFTEN EV
Germany
EU contribution
€ 245 375
Address
Hofgartenstrasse 8
80539 Muenchen
Activity type
Research Organisations
INSTITUT FRANCAIS DE RECHERCHE POUR L'EXPLOITATION DE LA MER
France
EU contribution
€ 162 500
Address
1625 Route De Sainte Anne Zone Industrielle De La Pointe Du Diable
29280 Plouzane
Activity type
Research Organisations
CONSIGLIO NAZIONALE DELLE RICERCHE
Italy
EU contribution
€ 93 750
Address
Piazzale Aldo Moro 7
00185 Roma
Activity type
Research Organisations
ISTANBUL TEKNIK UNIVERSITESI
Turkey
EU contribution
€ 68 750
Address
Ayazaga Kampusu
34469 Maslak Istanbul
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments