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Science and Technology for Near-Earth Object Impact Prevention

Objective

Impacts of near-Earth objects (NEOs) have contributed to mass extinctions and evolution, and it is a proven fact that NEOs will continue to hit the Earth at irregular intervals in the future, with the potential for catastrophic damage to life and property. With the experience and results gained from the NEOShield project we are now very well equipped to address all aspects of this call, including the development of a European strategy for future research and mission-related endeavours. Our work packages are integrated into a coherent programme of research and development. Building on NEOShield experience we will further develop our GNC systems to allow increased targeting accuracy and relative velocity of a kinetic impactor spacecraft into a small (e.g. 100-300m diameter) asteroid, develop autonomous spacecraft control systems to facilitate navigation close to a low-gravity, irregularly shaped asteroid, demonstrate techniques for precise NEO orbit determination, and develop mechanisms for the collection of material samples. We will carry out astronomical observations of NEOs to improve our understanding of their physical properties, concentrating on the smaller sizes of most concern for mitigation purposes, and to identify further objects suitable for missions for physical characterisation, and NEO deflection demonstration. On the scientific front, our statistical analyses of recently published NEO survey data have been very successful: we will explore the promising avenues that have opened up during our NEOShield research. We will also perform detailed analyses of relevant individual objects (e.g. potentially hazardous objects) on the basis of published data from different observing techniques (radar, infrared, spectroscopy, etc.), in addition to new data obtained. Modelling work and computer simulations will be enhanced to explore the effects of large spin rates, shattered and rubble-pile structures, and mineralogy on an object’s response to a deflection attempt.

Call for proposal

H2020-PROTEC-2014
See other projects for this call

Coordinator

AIRBUS DEFENCE AND SPACE GMBH
Address
Willy-messerschmitt-strasse 1
82024 Taufkirchen
Germany
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
EU contribution
€ 907 381

Participants (10)

DEUTSCHES ZENTRUM FUR LUFT - UND RAUMFAHRT EV
Germany
EU contribution
€ 432 465
Address
Linder Hohe
51147 Koln
Activity type
Research Organisations
AIRBUS DEFENCE AND SPACE SAS
France
EU contribution
€ 449 938
Address
31 Rue Des Cosmonautes Zi Du Palays
31402 Toulouse Cedex
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
AIRBUS DEFENCE AND SPACE LTD
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 110 000
Address
Gunnels Wood Road
SG1 2AS Stevenage
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS
France
EU contribution
€ 330 000
Address
Rue Michel Ange 3
75794 Paris
Activity type
Other
DEIMOS SPACE SOCIEDAD LIMITADA UNIPERSONAL
Spain
EU contribution
€ 480 000
Address
Ronda De Poniente, Edificio Fiteni Vi, 2, 2º 19
28760 Tres Cantos (Madrid)
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
FRAUNHOFER GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FOERDERUNG DER ANGEWANDTEN FORSCHUNG E.V.
Germany
EU contribution
€ 352 710
Address
Hansastrasse 27C
80686 Munchen
Activity type
Research Organisations
GMV AEROSPACE AND DEFENCE SA
Spain
EU contribution
€ 337 001
Address
Calle Isaac Newton Parque Tecnologico De Madrid
28760 Tres Cantos
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
ISTITUTO NAZIONALE DI ASTROFISICA
Italy
EU contribution
€ 185 001
Address
Viale Del Parco Mellini 84
00136 Roma
Activity type
Research Organisations
OBSERVATOIRE DE PARIS
France
EU contribution
€ 529 088,75
Address
Avenue De L Observatoire 61
75014 Paris
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
THE QUEEN'S UNIVERSITY OF BELFAST
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 103 486
Address
University Road Lanyon Building
BT7 1NN Belfast
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments