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Science and Technology for Near-Earth Object Impact Prevention

Deliverables

Report on an European strategy for future mitigation-related endeavours

"""Report on a European strategy for future mitigation-related endeavours"", including analysis of the effectiveness of international coordination and funding of mitigation activities."

Reference mission definition: Sample Return

“Reference mission definition: Sample Return” GNC mission scenario characteristics and description. Specification of performance requirements comprising targeted technology development and validation.

Report on Photometric Observations II (lightcurves and rotational properties)

Report on Photometric Observations II (lightcurves and rotational properties) carried out and analysis results obtained.

Report on modelling and simulations of NEO response to deflection attempts

"""Report on modelling and simulations of NEO response to deflection attempts"" (interim M14, final M29)."

Intermediate observations and analysis progress report

Intermediate observations and analysis progress report for EC reporting on all observations carried out and analysis results obtained so far by all participating observers.

Report on Spectroscopic Observations

Report on Spectroscopic Observations carried out and analysis results obtained.

Report on Photometric Observations I (Colours, and Phase functions)

Report on Photometric Observations I (Colours, and Phase functions) carried out and analysis results obtained.

List of potential target NEOs

Priority criteria based list of potential target NEOs and their properties relevant to exploration and mitigation demonstration missions (interim M14, final M29).

Reference mission definition: Mitigation Demonstration

“Reference mission definition: Mitigation Demonstration” GNC mission scenario characteristics and description. Specification of performance requirements comprising targeted technology development and validation.

Report on analysis of the effectiveness of impact disaster planning at the national level

"""Report on analysis of the effectiveness of impact disaster planning at the national level""."

Technologies for Return and In-situ Analysis of NEO Samples

"""Technologies for Return and In-situ Analysis of NEO Samples"" Report on analysis of existing and necessary technology development for in-situ analysis and sample return to the Earth’s surface."

Report on Photometry and Precovery Observations

Report on Photometry and Precovery Observations carried out and analysis results obtained.

Report on a Future NEO physical properties database

"""Report on a Future NEO Physical Properties Database"", recommendations and plans for the development of a single, international, publicly accessible, NEO physical properties database."

Public outreach report

Public outreach report, report to be presented at final presentation summarising outreach activities and PR events during the course of the project.

Report on observation procedures and tools

Report on procedures and tools established to organise, coordinate and prioritise observations; summary of telescopes and observers involved.

Report on data analyses and mitigation-relevant NEO physical properties

"""Report on data analyses and mitigation-relevant NEO physical properties"" (interim M14, final M29)."

Observation support tools and related User Manuals

Observation support tools and related User Manuals containing the description of the priority list algorithms and their efficiency (M1, M2 and M4 with continual updates, final M29).

Report on Thermal IR Data Analysis

Report on Thermal IR Observations and on the results obtained from the Thermal IR data analysis.

Technology development plan

"""Technology Development Plan"", report on mitigation mission related technology readiness levels and most pressing measures to advance them to enable a European strategy for future mitigation-related endeavours."

Dynamical web-interface tool and User Manual

Dynamical web-interface tool and User Manual, enabling the production of customised listings and displays of potential NEO mission targets (Internal availability M6, publicly available M8 with continual updates, final M29).

NEO physical properties database and User Manual

NEO physical properties database; including User Manual containing detailed description of the open data repository (Database, User Interface and User Manual publicly available within M3, updated in M5 with continual updates, final M29).

Public project website

Update of public website online (M6), with continual updates (M7-M30).

Searching for OpenAIRE data...

Publications

A global response roadmap to the asteroid impact threat: The NEOShield perspective

Author(s): D. Perna, M.A. Barucci, L. Drube, A. Falke, M. Fulchignoni, A.W. Harris, A.W. Harris, Z. Kanuchova
Published in: Planetary and Space Science, Issue 118, 2015, Page(s) 311-317, ISSN 0032-0633
DOI: 10.1016/j.pss.2015.07.006

Orbital, spin state and thermophysical characterization of near-Earth asteroid (3200) Phaethon

Author(s): Hanus, J., Delbo, M., Vokrouhlicky, D., Pravec, P., Emery, J.P., Alí-Lagoa, V., Bolin, B., Devogele, M., Dyvig, R., Galad, A., Jedicke, R., Kornos, L., P. Kusnirak, P., Licandro, J., Reddy, V., Rivet, J-P., Vilagi, J., Warner, B.D.
Published in: Astronomy and Astrophysics - Submitted, 2016, Page(s) 1-17, ISSN 0004-6361

GRASPING THE NATURE OF POTENTIALLY HAZARDOUS ASTEROIDS

Author(s): D. Perna, E. Dotto, S. Ieva, M. A. Barucci, F. Bernardi, S. Fornasier, F. De Luise, E. Perozzi, A. Rossi, E. Mazzotta Epifani, M. Micheli, J. D. P. Deshapriya
Published in: The Astronomical Journal, Issue 151/1, 2016, Page(s) 11, ISSN 1538-3881
DOI: 10.3847/0004-6256/151/1/11

Spectral characterization of V-type asteroids – I. Space weathering effects and implications for V-type NEAs

Author(s): Daniele Fulvio, Davide Perna, Simone Ieva, Rosario Brunetto, Zuzana Kanuchova, Carlo Blanco, Giovanni Strazzulla, Elisabetta Dotto
Published in: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Issue 455/1, 2015, Page(s) 584-595, ISSN 0035-8711
DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stv2300

THERMAL TOMOGRAPHY OF ASTEROID SURFACE STRUCTURE

Author(s): Alan W. Harris, Line Drube
Published in: The Astrophysical Journal, Issue 832/2, 2016, Page(s) 127, ISSN 1538-4357
DOI: 10.3847/0004-637X/832/2/127

Hugoniot data of Seeberger sandstone up to 7 GPa

Author(s): Tobias Hoerth, Frank Bagusat, Stefan Hiermaier
Published in: International Journal of Impact Engineering, Issue 99, 2017, Page(s) 122-130, ISSN 0734-743X
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijimpeng.2016.08.003

An efficient algorithm for prioritizing NEA physical observations

Author(s): M. Cortese, E. Perozzi, M. Micheli, B. Borgia, E. Dotto, E. Mazzotta Epifani, S. Ieva, M. A. Barucci, D. Perna
Published in: Meteoritics & Planetary Science, Issue 52/3, 2017, Page(s) 522-531, ISSN 1086-9379
DOI: 10.1111/maps.12810

Thermophysical modeling of Didymos’ moon for the Asteroid Impact Mission

Author(s): Ivanka Pelivan, Line Drube, Ekkehard Kührt, Jörn Helbert, Jens Biele, Michael Maibaum, Barbara Cozzoni, Valentina Lommatsch
Published in: Advances in Space Research, Issue 59/7, 2017, Page(s) 1936-1949, ISSN 0273-1177
DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2016.12.041

The NEOTωIST mission (Near-Earth Object Transfer of angular momentum spin test)

Author(s): Line Drube, Alan W. Harris, Kilian Engel, Albert Falke, Ulrich Johann, Siegfried Eggl, Juan L. Cano, Javier Martín Ávila, Stephen R. Schwartz, Patrick Michel
Published in: Acta Astronautica, Issue 127, 2016, Page(s) 103-111, ISSN 0094-5765
DOI: 10.1016/j.actaastro.2016.05.009

Ejecta cloud from the AIDA space project kinetic impact on the secondary of a binary asteroid: II. fates and evolutionary dependencies

Author(s): Yang Yu, Patrick Michel
Published in: Icarus, Issue (Submitted 2 Aug 2017), 2017, ISSN 0019-1035

Ejecta cloud from the AIDA space project kinetic impact on the secondary of a binary asteroid: I. mechanical environment and dynamical model

Author(s): Yu, Yang; Michel, Patrick; Schwartz, Stephen R.; Naidu, Shantanu P.; Benner, Lance A. M.
Published in: Icarus, Issue Volume 282, 2017, Page(s) 313-325, ISSN 0019-1035
DOI: 10.1016/j.icarus.2016.09.008

Physical characterization of the near-Earth object population

Author(s): Ieva, S., Dotto E., Mazzotta Epifani E., Perna D., Perozzi E., Micheli M.
Published in: Focus Point on Highlights of Planetary Science in Italy, Issue 132, 2017, Page(s) 356, ISSN 2190-5444

Dealing with uncertainties in asteroid deflection demonstration missions: NEOTωIST

Author(s): Siegfried Eggl, Daniel Hestroffer, Juan L. Cano, Javier Martín Ávila, Line Drube, Alan W. Harris, Albert Falke, Ulrich Johann, Kilian Engel, Stephen R. Schwartz, Patrick Michel
Published in: Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union, Issue 10/S318, 2015, Page(s) 231-238, ISSN 1743-9213
DOI: 10.1017/S1743921315008698

Prediction of transits of Solar system objects in Kepler /K2 images: an extension of the Virtual Observatory service SkyBoT

Author(s): J. Berthier, B. Carry, F. Vachier, S. Eggl, A. Santerne
Published in: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Issue 458/3, 2016, Page(s) 3394-3398, ISSN 0035-8711
DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw492

Small-body deflection techniques using spacecraft: Techniques in simulating the fate of ejecta

Author(s): Stephen R. Schwartz, Yang Yu, Patrick Michel, Martin Jutzi
Published in: Advances in Space Research, Issue 57/8, 2016, Page(s) 1832-1846, ISSN 0273-1177
DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2015.12.042

Monocamera-based Solar Radiation Pressure Estimation for Small Body Rendezvous Missions (Intended)

Author(s): S. Delchambre, T. Ziegler, C.P. Diego Trigueros, U. Johann, A. Falke, K. Janschek
Published in: AIAA Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics, 2017, ISSN 0731-5090

Spectral and rotational properties of near-Earth asteroid (162173) Ryugu, target of the Hayabusa2 sample return mission

Author(s): D. Perna, M. A. Barucci, M. Ishiguro, A. Alvarez-Candal, D. Kuroda, M. Yoshikawa, M.-J. Kim, S. Fornasier, S. Hasegawa, D.-G. Roh, T. G. Müller, Y. Kim
Published in: Astronomy & Astrophysics, Issue 599, 2017, Page(s) L1, ISSN 0004-6361
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201630346

An investigation of the low-Δ V near-Earth asteroids (341843) 2008 EV5 and (52381) 1993 HA

Author(s): D. Perna, M. Popescu, F. Monteiro, C. Lantz, D. Lazzaro, F. Merlin
Published in: Astronomy & Astrophysics, Issue 597, 2017, Page(s) A57, ISSN 0004-6361
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201629093

Asteroid shapes and thermal properties from combined optical and mid-infrared photometry inversion

Author(s): J. Ďurech, M. Delbo’, B. Carry, J. Hanuš, V. Alí-Lagoa
Published in: Astronomy & Astrophysics, Issue 604, 2017, Page(s) A27, ISSN 0004-6361
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201730868

Sizes and albedos of Mars-crossing asteroids from WISE/NEOWISE data

Author(s): V. Alí-Lagoa, M. Delbo’
Published in: Astronomy & Astrophysics, Issue 603, 2017, Page(s) A55, ISSN 0004-6361
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201629917

Differences between the Pallas collisional family and similarly sized B-type asteroids

Author(s): V. Alí-Lagoa, J. Licandro, R. Gil-Hutton, M. Cañada-Assandri, M. Delbo’, J. de León, H. Campins, N. Pinilla-Alonso, M. S. P. Kelley, J. Hanuš
Published in: Astronomy & Astrophysics, Issue 591, 2016, Page(s) A14, ISSN 0004-6361
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201527660

Physical properties of B-type asteroids from WISE data

Author(s): V. Alí-Lagoa, J. de León, J. Licandro, M. Delbó, H. Campins, N. Pinilla-Alonso, M. S. Kelley
Published in: Astronomy & Astrophysics, Issue 554, 2013, Page(s) A71, ISSN 0004-6361
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201220680

Identification of a primordial asteroid family constrains the original planetesimal population

Author(s): Marco Delbo’, Kevin Walsh, Bryce Bolin, Chrysa Avdellidou, Alessandro Morbidelli
Published in: Science, Issue 357/6355, 2017, Page(s) 1026-1029, ISSN 0036-8075
DOI: 10.1126/science.aam6036

Asteroid Impacts and Modern Civilization: Can We Prevent a Catastrophe?

Author(s): A. W. Harris, M. Boslough, C. R. Chapman, L. Drube, P. Michel, A. W. Harris
Published in: Asteroids IV, Issue Chapter 42, 2015, Page(s) 835-854
DOI: 10.2458/azu_uapress_9780816532131-ch042

Asteroid thermophysical modeling

Author(s): Delbo, M., Mueller, M., Emery, J. P., Rozitis, B., Capria, M. T.
Published in: in Asteroids IV, Michel, P., DeMeo, F., Bottke, W.F. eds, Issue ArXiv e-prints arXiv:1508.05575, 2015, Page(s) 107-128

Asteroid Surface Geophysics

Author(s): N. Murdoch, P. Sánchez, S. R. Schwartz, H. Miyamoto
Published in: Asteroids IV, Issue Chapter 39, 2015, Page(s) 767–792
DOI: 10.2458/azu_uapress_9780816532131-ch039

Psyche

Author(s): Line Drube
Published in: Encyclopedia of Astrobiology, 2015, Page(s) 1-1
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-27833-4_5210-1

Toutatis

Author(s): Line Drube
Published in: Encyclopedia of Astrobiology, 2015, Page(s) 1-1
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-27833-4_5213-1

Analysis of the Behavior of Sedimentary Rocks Under Impact Loading

Author(s): Oliver Millon, Maria Luisa Ruiz-Ripoll, Tobias Hoerth
Published in: Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering 49, Issue 11/2016, 2016, Page(s) 4257-4272

Simulations of vibration-driven regolith segregation in the low-gravity asteroid environment

Author(s): Maurel, C.; Richardson, D. C.; Ballouz, R.-L.; Michel, P.; Schwartz, S. R.
Published in: European Planetary Science Congress 2015, held 27 September - 2 October, 2015 in Nantes, France., Issue 596, 2015

Asteroid Impact and Deflection Assessment (AIDA) Mission: Modeling and Simulation of Impact Outcomes — Ejecta Properties and Evolution

Author(s): Schwartz, S. R.; Asphaug, E.; Cheng, A.; Housen, K. R.; Michel, P.; Miller, P.; Stickle, A.; Tancredi, G.; Vincent, J.-B.; Wünnemann, K.; Yu, Y.
Published in: 47th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, held March 21-25, 2016 at The Woodlands, Texas., Issue 1903, 2016, Page(s) 3002

Dynamics of ejecta from a binary asteroid impact in the framework of the AIDA mission: a NEOShield-2 contribution

Author(s): Yu, Y.; Schwartz, S. R.; Michel, P.; Benner, L. A. M.
Published in: European Planetary Science Congress 2015, held 27 September - 2 October, 2015 in Nantes, France., Issue 616, 2015

DYNAMICS OF THE EJECTA CLOUD PRODUCED BY A KINETIC IMPACT ON THE SECONDARY OF THE BINARY ASTEROID DIDYMOS: A CONTRIBUTION TO THE AIDA SPACE PROJECT

Author(s): Yu, Y.; Michel, P.; Schwartz, S. R.; Naidu, S.; Benner, L. A. M.
Published in: 47th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, held March 21-25, 2016 at The Woodlands, Texas., Issue 818, 2016, Page(s) 2140

Influence of Impactor Size on Momentum Multiplication

Author(s): Hoerth, T.; Poelchau, M.; Kenkmann, T.; Hupfer, J.; and Schäfer, F.
Published in: Bridging the Gap III: Impact cratering in nature experiment and modelling

NEOSHIELD-2: DESIGN AND END-TO-END VALIDATION OF AN AUTONOMOUS CLOSED-LOOP GNC SYSTEM FOR ASTEROID KINETIC IMPACTOR MISSIONS

Author(s): Marc Chapuy, Noëla Despré, Philippe Hyounet, Francesco Capolupo, Roland Brochard
Published in: 10th International ESA Conference on Guidance, Navigation & Control Systems, Salzburg, 2017, 2017

Autonomous GNC/IP for Approach and Hovering of irregular small bodies

Author(s): M. Hagenfeldt, L. Hernández, P. Hermosín, C. Valle, A. Fabrizi, J. Martín, M. Kerr, J.L. Cano, T. Ziegler
Published in: Proceedings of 7th European Conference for Aeronautics and Space Sciences (EUCASS 2017), 2017
DOI: 10.13009/EUCASS2017-435

Asteroid deflection using a kinetic impactor: Insights from hypervelocity impact experiments

Author(s): Hoerth, T.; Schäfer, F.
Published in: EGU General Assembly 2016, Issue p.18325, 2016

Influence of Impactor Size on Momentum Multiplication

Author(s): Hoerth, T.; Poelchau, M. H.; Kenkmann, T.; Hupfer, J.; Schäfer, F.
Published in: Bridging the Gap III, Issue LPI Contribution No. 1861, p.1030, 2015, Page(s) p.1030

Asteroid Impact Deflection and Assessment (AIDA) Mission Properties of Impact Ejecta, Poster

Author(s): D. P. Hamilton, E. G. Fahnestock, S. R. Schwartz, N. Murdoch, E. Asphaug, A. F. Cheng, K. R. Housen, P. Michel, P. Miller, A. Stickle, G. Tancredi, J.-B. Vincent, K. Wünnemann, Y. Yu, S. Delchambre, T. Ziegler, A. Falke
Published in: American Astronomical Society DPS 48 / European Planetary Science Congress EPSC 11 Meeting, 2016

NEOTωIST - An Asteroid Impactor Mission Featuring Sub-spacecraft for Enhanced Mission Capability

Author(s): Engel, Kilian; Pugliatti, Mattia; Drube, Line; Cano, J. L.; Eggl, S.; Hestroffer, Daniel; Falke, Albert; Johann, Ulrich; Harris, Alan
Published in: 67th International Astronautical Congress (IAC) 2016, 2016

The Italian contribution to the NEOShield-2 EU project: Results of the first year of activity

Author(s): Ieva S., Dotto E., Mazzotta Epifani E., Di Paola A., Speziali R., Lazzarin M., Bertini I., Lazzaro D., Arcoverde P., Barucci M.A., Perna D., Perozzi E., Micheli M.
Published in: 2017 IAA Planetary Defense Conference, Issue IAA-PDC-17-03-01, 2017

NEOs physical properties and threat: first results of the Italian contribution to the NEOShield-2 project

Author(s): Ieva S., Dotto E., Mazzotta Epifani E., Di Paola A., Speziali R., Lazzarin M., Bertini I., Barucci M.A., Perna D., Perozzi E., Micheli M.
Published in: ACM meeting 2017, Issue Poster1.d.8, 2017

A photometric survey of Near-Earth Objects in support of the NEOShield-2 project.

Author(s): Ieva S., Dotto E. Mazzotta Epifani E., Perna D., Barucci M.A., Di Paola A., Micheli M., Perozzi E., Speziali R., Lazzarin M., Bertini I., Giunta A., Lazzaro D., Arcoverde P.
Published in: European Planetary Science Congress 2017, 2017

The NEOShield-2 EU Project - The first year of the Italian contribution

Author(s): Ieva S., Dotto E., Mazzotta Epifani E., Di Paola A., Speziali R., Lazzarin M., Bertini I., Barucci M.A., Perna D., Lazzaro D., Silva S., Monteiro F., Perozzi E., Micheli M., Cortese M.
Published in: AAS DPS meeting 2016, Issue 48, 2016, Page(s) 325.27

The NEOShield-2 EU Project - The Italian contribution

Author(s): Ieva S., Dotto E., Mazzotta Epifani E., Di Paola A., Speziali R., Cortese M., Lazzarin M., Bertini R., Magrin S., Barucci M.A., Perna D., Perozzi E., Micheli M.
Published in: EGU General Assembly 2016, Issue 13808, 2016

Measurement strategy of the momentum enhancement beta-factor for Near Earth Object mitigation missions

Author(s): Simon Delchambre, Tobias Ziegler, Albert Falke, Ulrich Johann, Georg Willich, Klaus Janschek
Published in: 2017 IEEE Aerospace Conference, 2017, Page(s) 1-9
DOI: 10.1109/AERO.2017.7943905

Near-Inertial Hovering Optical Navigation at the Close Proximity of Very Small Asteroids, Poster

Author(s): S. Delchambre, M. Martin, Q. Harbulot, T. Ziegler, A. Falke, U. Johann, K. Janschek
Published in: 5th IAA Planetary Defense Conference, Tokyo, 2017, 2017

NEOTωIST – Design Study of a Kinetic Impactor Demonstration Mission Featuring NEO Spin Change and Observer Sub-spacecraft

Author(s): K. Engel, M. Pugliatti, L. Drube, D. Hestroffer, J. Cano, S. Delchambre, T. Ziegler, A. Falke, U. Johann, A. Harris
Published in: 5th IAA Planetary Defense Conference, Tokyo, 2017, 2017

NEOTωIST - A Relatively Inexpensive Kinetic Impactor Demonstration Mission Concept

Author(s): L. Drube, A.W. Harris, S. Weisenberger, K. Engel, A. Falke, S. Delchambre, T. Ziegler and S. Eggl
Published in: 5th IAA Planetary Defense Conference, Tokyo, 2017, 2017

NEOTωIST - Determining the Momentum Enhancement

Author(s): S. Eggl, S. Delchambre, L. Drube, K. Engel, A. Falke, T. Ziegler, D. Hestroffer
Published in: 5th IAA Planetary Defense Conference, Tokyo, 2017, 2017

NEOShield-2 Overview and Results So Far

Author(s): A. Falke, A. Harris and the NEOShield-2 Consortium
Published in: 5th IAA Planetary Defense Conference, Tokyo, 2017, 2017

Landmark Based Pose Estimation for Autonomous Inertial Hovering around Small Solar System Bodies

Author(s): S. Delchambre, T. Ziegler, U. Johann, A. Falke, K. Janschek
Published in: 10th International ESA Conference on Guidance, Navigation & Control Systems, Salzburg, 2017, 2017

Influences of Enhancement Factor Measurement Technique on the Kinetic Impactor Mission Design (Intended)

Author(s): S. Delchambre, T. Ziegler, U. Johann, A. Falke, K. Janschek
Published in: 2018 IEEE Aerospace Conference, 2018

Development and Validation of GNC Functional Modes for Asteroids Sample Return Mission in the frame of the European Commission H2020 NEOShield-2 Project

Author(s): M. Suatoni, A. Pellacani, D.G. Arjona, C.D. Sanchez, I.C. Nunez, A. Falke, T. Ziegler, S. Delchambre
Published in: 68th International Astronautical Congress (IAC) 2017, 2017

Momentum Transfer in Hypervelocity Impact Experiments on Rock Targets

Author(s): Tobias Hoerth, Frank Schäfer, Jan Hupfer, Oliver Millon, Matthias Wickert
Published in: Procedia Engineering, Issue 103, 2015, Page(s) 197-204, ISSN 1877-7058
DOI: 10.1016/j.proeng.2015.04.027

"ASIME 2016 White Paper: In-Space Utilisation of Asteroids: ""Answers to Questions from the Asteroid Miners"""

Author(s): Amara L. Graps, Philippe Blondel, Grant Bonin, Daniel Britt, Simone Centuori, Marco Delbo, Line Drube, Rene Duffard, Martin Elvis, Daniel Faber, Elizabeth Frank, JL Galache, Simon F. Green, Jan Thimo Grundmann, Henry Hsieh, Akos Kereszturi, Pauli Laine, Anny-Chantal Levasseur-Regourd, Philipp Maier, Philip Metzger, Patrick Michel, Migo Mueller, Thomas Mueller, Naomi Murdoch, Alex Parker, Petr Prav
Published in: ASIME 2016 White Paper, 2016