Skip to main content

Biogas-fired Combined Hybrid Heat and Power Plant

Objective

To reach the goals of improving the efficiency of CHP systems while simultaneously widening the biomass feedstock base as well as increasing operational flexibility, the project aims to develop a full scale technology demonstrator of a hybrid power plant using biogas as main fuel in lab environment. A combined hybrid heat and power plant combines a micro gas turbine (MGT) and a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC).
The focus of the technology demonstration plant is to prove the functional capability of the plant concept, followed by detailed characterization and optimization of the integration of both subsystems. The main objective is to move the technology beyond the state of the art to TRL 4.
Electrical efficiencies of more than 60% and total thermal efficiencies of more than 90% are intended to reach at base load conditions. An operational flexibility ranging from 25% to 100% electric power should be achieved. The emission levels should not exceed 10 ppm NOx and 20 ppm CO (at 15% vol. residual oxygen). The system should allow the use of biogas with methane contents varying from 40-75%, thus covering the biogas qualities from the fermentation of the entire biomass feedstock range.
To achieve the objectives the subsystems MGT and SOFC including their subcomponents have to be adjusted and optimized by a multidisciplinary design approach using numerical and experimental measures to ensure a proper balance of plant. In addition an integrated control system has to be developed and implemented to achieve a reliable operation of the coupled subsystems.
A detailed analysis of different European markets, economic and technical constraints in terms of biogas production potentials will clarify the regional suitable sizes and attractive performance conditions of the power plant system. To identify cost reduction potentials a thermo-economic analysis will be performed. Here, an internal rate of return (IRR) of the system of higher than 15% should be achieved over a 20 years.

Field of science

  • /natural sciences/physical sciences/thermodynamics
  • /engineering and technology/electrical engineering, electronic engineering, information engineering/electrical engineering/power engineering/electric power generation/combined heat and power
  • /engineering and technology/environmental engineering/energy and fuels/fossil energy/natural gas
  • /engineering and technology/environmental engineering/energy and fuels/fuel cell
  • /agricultural sciences/agricultural biotechnology/biomass
  • /engineering and technology/electrical engineering, electronic engineering, information engineering/electrical engineering/electric energy
  • /natural sciences/chemical sciences/organic chemistry/aliphatic compounds
  • /engineering and technology/electrical engineering, electronic engineering, information engineering/electronic engineering/automation and control systems

Call for proposal

H2020-LCE-2014-1
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

RIA - Research and Innovation action

Coordinator

DEUTSCHES ZENTRUM FUR LUFT - UND RAUMFAHRT EV
Address
Linder Hohe
51147 Koln
Germany
Activity type
Research Organisations
EU contribution
€ 2 432 017,50

Participants (7)

MICRO TURBINE TECHNOLOGY BV
Netherlands
EU contribution
€ 1 296 406,25
Address
Nonnenveld 585
4811 DT Breda
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
SUNFIRE GMBH
Germany
EU contribution
€ 89 611
Address
Gasanstaltstrasse 2
01237 Dresden
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI GENOVA
Italy
EU contribution
€ 623 125
Address
Via Balbi 5
16126 Genova
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
HIFLUX LTD
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 417 500
Address
55 Gower Street Third Floor Heathrow Corporate Park Unit C1
WC1E 6HQ London
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITEIT EINDHOVEN
Netherlands
EU contribution
€ 448 458,75
Address
Groene Loper 3
5612 AE Eindhoven
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
RINA CONSULTING SPA
Italy
EU contribution
€ 377 500
Address
Via Cecchi 6
16129 Genova
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
GASTERRA BV
Netherlands
EU contribution
€ 91 250
Address
Stationsweg 1
9726 AC Groningen
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)